Dork Bowl I: Dorkier Than Thou Round by: University of South Carolina 1. Their modern name comes from an old Endlish word for "wanderer" or "explorer," and their influence was felt as far east as Constantinople and Baghdad, where they engaged in trade and acted as mercenaries. They are better known for their permanent colonies, including such modern cities as Kiev and Dublin. FTP, identify this people who established a settlement in modern Newfoundland during the 11th century. VIKINGS 2. Published in 1919, minor characters in this story collection include include Reverend Hartman, Louise and David Bentley, and Dr. Parcival. The main character appears to be the object of the affections of many of the women in town, including his schoolteacher Miss Swift. FTP, name these tales about George Willard, the masterpiece of Sherwood Anderson. _Winesburg, Ohio_ 3. His daughter Cornelia married Julius Caesar. When Sulla left to fight Mithradates VI, this man repealed Sulla's laws and declared him an outlaw. The death of Marius the next year gave him control, which he used to push economic and voting reforms. He was killed in a mutiny while crossing to Dalmatia in 84 BC. FTP, name this Roman, the subject of a play by Pierre Corneille. Cornelius _Cinna_ 4. This musician always wears sunglasses on stage to hide facial scars which he acquired during a mountain- climbing accident in 1973, an episode which he mentions in "Family Tradition". His hits include "Whiskey- Bent and Hell-Bound," "If the South Would've Won," and "A Country Boy can survive. FTP, name this son of another country legend, best known for the Monday Night Football theme song. Hank _Williams_ Jr. 5. In 1927, George Paget Thomson demonstrated this phenomenon by sending a beam of electrons through gold foil. Earlier that year, Clinton Davisson and his colleague, Lester Germer, had demonstrated it by aiming an electron beam at a nickel crystal, an experiment which earned them the 1937 Nobel Prize. FTP, name this property of waves which causes them to spread around obstacles. Electron _Diffraction_ 6. Born in Fresno in 1908, he was popular during the Depression for his story collections The Daring Young on the Flying Trapeze and Inhale and Exhale. He wrote such plays as My Heart's in the Highlands, and later wrote many novels with a pronounced autobiographical element. FTP, name this Armenian- American who refused the 1940 Pulitzer Prize for The Time of Your Life. William _Saroyan_ 7. Robert C. Schenk, minister to Great Britain, wrote its first rulebook in the 1870s. It has two basic varieties: Closed and Open. In the Closed version, all cards are dealt face down. In the Open variety, 2 cards are dealt face down and the others face up one at a time. In all versions, the five highest cards of a suit will win you a lot of money. FTP, identify this card game, whose types are more commonly called draw and stud.. _Poker_ 8. He began as a composer of madrigals and church music in the Renaissance style, and is considered on of the first composers to begin the transition to Baroque. He is most noted, however, as an operatic composer, though only three of his operas have survived. FTP, identify this Italian composer of Orfeo, considered the founder of modern opera. Claudio _MONTEVERDI_ 9. German physicist Walther Nernst proposed it in 1906, and his work earned him the 1920 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He proposed that, like the speed of light, absolute zero could be approached but never reached. FTP, name this fundamental law which states that all matter tends toward random motion. _Third_ Law of _Thermodynamics_ 10. Its basin is sparsely populated and no part of it was dammed until the late 1960s, when some sections of the Peace River were tapped for hydroelctric power. After the Mississippi-Missouri, its drainage basin is the largest in North America. Flowing from the Great Slave Lake, it runs 1025 miles to the Beaufort Sea. FTP, identify this river, named for a Scottish fur trader, the longest in Canada. _Mackenzie_ River 11. Book 5 of the Iliad focuses on this Greek hero. The king of Argos, his companions were turned into birds by Aphrodite as punishment for his wounding of her during the Trojan War. Additionally, with Odysseus he killed Rhesus and his Thracians. FTP, name this son of Tydeus who accompanied Odysseus on the expedition to steal Troy's sacred image, the Palladium. _Diomedes_ 12. Although the Council of Chalcedon was called in 451 mainly to combat Nestorianism, it also declared this theological stance heretical. Specifically, the council declared that Christ should be "acknowledged in two natures, without being mixed, transmuted, divided or separated." FTP, name this idea that only one nature existed in the Person of Jesus Christ. _Monophysitism_ 13. An alternative expression of the Biot-Savart Law, James Clerk Maxwell formulated it mathematically and extended it to include magnetic fields formed without electric current. It states that the line integral of a magnetic field around an arbitrarily chosen path is proportional to the net electric current enclosed by the path. FTP, name this law, named in honor of the founder of electromagnetic theory. _Ampere's_ Law 14. He strongly believed that making laws was the province of legislative bodies, not courts, and refused to curtail freedom of speech except in cases of "clear and present danger." His 1881 book, The Common Law, first revealed his genius and, in 1902, Theodore Roosevelt appointed him to the Supreme Court, where he sat to the age of 91, the oldest justice in history. FTP, name this justice called The Great Dissenter. Oliver Wendell _Holmes, Jr._ 15. His first success came as editor of Fabian Essays in Socialism and as theater critic of Saturday Review. His first play, Widowers' Houses, was performed in 1892. Writing into his 90s, he used comedy to explore injustice and religious hypocrisy in plays such as The Doctor's Dilemma and Androcles and the Lion. FTP, name this dramatist, the author of Pygmalion. George Bernard _Shaw_ 16. Three types of this subatomic particle are known to exist each a by-product of the decay of a larger particle. Hypothesized by Wolfgang Pauli, they are so numerous that a rest mass of 1/1000000 that of the electron would account for most of the missing mass of the universe. FTP, identify this particle with mu, tau, and electron varieties, whose name means "little intert one." _NEUTRINO_ 17. The term was originally coined as the title of a story by Bruce Bethke in 1982. Other authors who have used it include Rudy Rucker, John Shirley, and Bruce Sterling. Examples of it include _Count Zero_, _Virtual Light_, _Burning Chrome_, "Johnny Mnemonic," and _Neuromancer_, all by William Gibson. FTP, name this subset of science fiction featuring antiheroes trapped in a high-tech future. Answer: _cyberpunk_ 18. The second son of Ferdinand III, he became Holy Roman emperor in 1658. After the Treaty of Carlowitz he took control of Hungary and crushed the Noble's Plot. At the same time, he and his allies defeated France in the War of the Grand Alliance. His death came in 1705 during the War of the Spanish Succession. FTP, name this man who formed the League of Augsburg against France. _Leopold I_ 19. In 1925, this German scientist first interpreted spectral lines without the astronomical imagery common among his contemporaries. By taking the numbers representing the energy level and manipulating them, he first formulated quantum mechanics in terms of matrices. FTP, name this 1932 Nobel Prize winner, who deduced that a subatomic particle's position and momentum could not be simultaneously determined. Werner _Heisenberg_ 20. Such early works as The Governor's Son, The Song and Dance Man and American Born are chronicled in his 1925 autobiography, Twenty Years on Broadway and the Years It Took to Get There. He earned a medal in 1940 for the song "Over There," and Jimmy Cagney portrayed his life in Yankee Doodle Dandy. FTP, name this songwriter also known for "Give My Regards to Broadway." George M. _Cohan_ 21. Known as Ieyasu, he won many battles through treachery, and he compelled the captured son of Hideyoshi Toyotomi to kill himself. He beheaded tens of thousands of Japanese Christians, but, strangely, his personal philosophy emphasized self-criticism, quiet patience, and humility. FTP, identify this daimyo, the greatest of Hideyoshi's vassals, who became shogun in 1603 and expelled Europeans from Japan. _Tokugawa_ Ieyas South Carolina bonuses 1. Identify these organic compounds from short descriptions FTP each. A. They have 1 or more hydroxyl groups attached to a carbon atom that is attached to 3 other atoms. Neither acid nor alkaline, they are very reactive and dissolve organic substances _Alcohols_ B. They react with water to produce alcohols and organic or inorganic acids. The most common are derived from carboxylic acids. _Esters_ C. They are characterized by the presence of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen, and are physiologically active. They include morphine, strychnine, ephedrine and nicotine. _Alkaloids_ 2. Identify these Shakespearian plays from a list of characters FTP each. A. Antiochus, King of Antioch; Thasia and Marina, title character's wife and daughter; Cleon, governor of Tarsus _Pericles_ Prince of Tyre B. Prince Hal; John of Lancaster, Hal's brother; Sir John Falstaff; Earl of Northumberland, the king's enemy; Shallow, a country justice _Henry IV, Part 2_ C. The Queen; Cloten, the Queen's son; Imogen, title character's daughter; Posthumus Leonatus, Imogen's husband; Iachimo, an Italian braggart _Cymbeline_ 3. Number the following Crusades FTP each. A. Pope Innocent II called it in 1202, but its only result was the sacking of Zara and Constantinople, and the creation of the Latin Kingdom of Constantinople. _4th_ B. In 1228, excommunicated Emperor Frederick II used diplomacy to acquire parts of the Holy Land from Egypt without fighting. _6th_ C. Provoked by the fall of Jerusalem, it was led by Frederick Barbarossa, Richard the Lion-Hearted, and Philip Augustus. It ended with a truce and Saladin's grant of access to Jerusalem. _3rd_ 4. Given their names in 1900, give the modern names of the following world cities for 5 points each. A. Danzig _Gdansk_ B. Leopoldville _Kinshasa_ C. Lourenco Marques _Maputo_ D. Constantinople _Istanbul_ E. Saigon _Ho Chi Minh_ City F. Batavia _Djakarta_ 5. Identify the following pre-Socratic philosophers FTP each. A. Known from a Platonic dialogue in which he defeats young Socrates, only a few scraps of his On Nature survive. His principle was "all is one," meaning the multiplicity of forms gives the appearance of a single reality. _Parmenides_ B. Associated with Pericles, he brought philosophy to Athens from Ionia. He believed in a infinite number of substances constituting the universe, and originated the concept of nous, or reason. _Anaxagoras_ C. The first Sophist, he is also the subject of a Platonic dialogue. His catchphrase was "Man is the measure of all things," and his advocacy of agnosticism in Concerning the Gods caused his books to be burned. _Protagoras_ 6. Identify the following laws of physics from a short description for the stated number of points. 15) Formulated by a Russian in 1834, it states that an induced electric current flows in a direction opposite the current that induced it. _Lenz's_Law _ 5) Put forward by Rudolf Clausius in 1850, it states that the ratio of heat content of a system to its absolute temperature, or entropy, would always remain constant or increase in a closed system. _2nd_ Law of Thermodynamics 10) These laws state that charge does not accumulate at one point and thin out at another and around each loop the sum of the electromotive forces equals the sum of the potential voltage across each of the resistances. _Kirchoff's_ Laws 7. Answer these questions about the Olympics FTP each. A. Name the Frenchman who organized the first modern Olymnpics in 1896. Pierre de _Coubertin_ B. In ancient Greece, how many years lapsed between each Olympics? _four_ C. This winter event involves wooden sleds with steel runners which are ridden in a sitting position and steered by hand. _Luge_ 8. Identify these Nobel Prize-winning economists for 15 points each. A. This Stanford professor shared the 1972 prize with John Hicks for his contributions to welfare economics and general economic equilibrium theory. He is famous for his "impossibility theorem," which states that a ranking of societal preferences will not correspond to an individual's preferences when 2 or more people and alternatives are involved. Kenneth J. _Arrow_ B. This Austrian-born British economist shared the 1974 prize with Gunnar Myrdal. He is a noted critic of the welfare state who thinks that government intervention only forestalls inevitable downturns. Moreover, as he wrote in The Road to Serfdom, government manipulation is the vanguard of totalitarianism. Friedrich von _Hayek_ 9. Identify the Renaissance artist from works on a 10-5 basis. 10 Portrait of Philip II, Christ Crowned With Thorns 5 Venus and Adonis _Titian _ 10 Sleeping Venus, The Three Philosophers 5 The Tempest _Giorgione_ 10 Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione, Esterhazy Madonna 5 Madonna of the Goldfinch _Raphael_ 10. Sci-Identify these scientific effects FTP each. A. Named for its German discoverer, the joining of 2 different metals at 2 places with the 2 junction points kept at different temperatures will cause a continuous electric current to flow through the circuit. _Seebeck_ Effect B. Temperature of an expanding gas will drop if energy is prevented from entering the gas, since energy for expansion must come from the gas itself. It is used to liquefy some gases. _Joule-Thomson_ Effect C. Discovered in 1958, an atom in a crystal lattice will show no recoil after emission of a gamma ray. As a result, the crustal will emit a sharply monochromatic beam of gamma rays. _Mossbauer_ Effect 11. For 10 points each, name these famous people who became famous corpses in 1996. A. A jazz singer famous for her improvisations, she won mass acclaim for her 1950s "songbooks" featuring the work of Cole Porter, Duke Ellington and others. Ella _Fitzgerald_ B. The founder of discrete mathematics, he paved the way for modern computer science. Paul _Erdos_ C. This Cornell astronomer deduced that Venus was hot and Mars was dusty before those planets were visited by spacecraft, but he's better known as the host of Cosmos. Carl _Sagan_ 12. Answer these questions relating to the Argonauts FTP each. A. To what king of Colchis did the Argonauts travel? _Aeetes_ B. In return for freeing him from the Harpies, Phineus told the Argonauts how to pass through these cliffs which came together and crushed those moving between them. _Symplegades_ or _Cyanean_ rocks C. Name Jason's uncle, who imposed the quest on him after usurping the crown of Iolcos from Jason's father, Aeson. _Pelias_ 13. Name the treaty which ended the following wars for the stated number of points. 5) Crimean War _Paris (1856)_ 10) Seven Years' War between Britain, France, and Spain _Paris (1763)_ 15) Seven Years' War between Prussia and Austria _Hubertusberg_ 14. Identify these plays of Eugene O'Neill from a short description FTP each. A. A sailor named Mat Burke falls in love with the title character, but Chris Christopherson hates him. She reveals the truth about herself and marries Mat. _Anna Christie_ B. Nina Leeds is loved by Edmund Darrell, Charles Marsden and Sam Evans. She marries Sam, they have an unhappy marriage and a child, Gordon, and Sam dies. _Strange Interlude_ C. Eben Cabot wants the farm of his hated father, Ephraim. He sends his brothers to California, but his father takes a new wife, Abbie. She seduces Eben, has a child which Ephraim thinks is his, smothers it, and they are both arrested. _Desire Under the Elms_ 15. Identify the following musicians based on the origins of their names for 10 points each. A. His brother said this rapper was so cool he reminded him of this. _Ice Cube_ B. This rock band was named for a talking sex toy in a movie. _Steely Dan_ C. This member of the Sex Pistols was not known for his personal hygiene _Johnny Rotten_ 16. Identify this British poet on a 30-20-10 basis. 30-He wrote only one prose work, a play called The Promise of May. It was an overwhelmingly despondent work, similar to his poem "Despair." 20-He named his firstborn son Hallam after his best friend, Arthur Henry Hallam. 10-The chief representative of Victorian poetry, some works he completed while serving as poet laureate were "Maud", "Queen Mary" and "Enoch Arden" Alfred, Lord _Tennyson_ 17. Identify this scientist 30-20-10. 30 points In World War II, this Wisconsin native was principal physicist at the US Naval Ordinance Laboratory. Later he researched semiconductors at Bell Labs. 20 points He received his 1st share of a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956 for helping Shockley and Brattain create the transistor. 10 points He is the B in the BCS theory of superconductivity, for which he shared in his 2nd Nobel. John _Bardeen_ 18. Name these figures from the American Revolution FTP. A. He captured Tobago and St. Kitts, and was himself captured by Admiral George Rodney. However, he's more famous for trapping the British at Yorktown with his fleet. Francois-Joseph-Paul, comte _de Grasse_-Tilly B. He was commmander-in chief of the British Army in North America from 1776 to 1778. He failed to destroy the Continental Army, even after winning at Brandywine and Germantown. William, 5th Viscount _Howe_ C. He commanded a 6000-man French army at Yorktown. Later, he led the Army of the North in the French Revolution and became a Marshal in 1791, but barely escaped the guillotine. Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de _Rochambeau_ 19. Answer these questions about an American author for the stated number of points. A. For 5 points, name the creator of Tilbury Town. Edwin Arlington _Robinson_ B. For ten points, name his book of poems, originally titled The Torrent and the River, which contains "Richard Corey" and "Luke Havergal." The _Children of the Night_ C. For 5 points each, name the trilogy of long blank-verse narratives which Robinson based on the King Arthur stories. _Merlin_, _Lancelot_, _Tristram_ 20. Answer these questions about a famous Indian king for the stated number of points. 5 points Name India's greatest king, who ruled from 269 to 232 BC, and promoted peace and Buddhism. _Asoka_ 10 points Name the empire which Asoka ruled , founded by Chandragupta, and covering all of India except the extreme south from 322 to 185 BC. _Mauryan_ Empire 15 points Name the Greek ambassador from the Seleucid Empire who left a detailed record of Mauryan India. _Megasthenes_