Date: Thu, 2 Nov 1995 15:49:53 -0800 (PST) From: "Matthew H. Baker" <> To: Content-Description: Guy Fawkes Eve Buzzer Explosion Questions by Stanford University Bluejay Roger Lee, Brad Harris, Lee Kenyon, Kalee Magnani, Rajani Rajan TOSSUPS: 1. Deficiency of this substance in the brain has been linked to Alzheimer' s disease. First isolated in 1914, it plays a role in memory and learning, and it helps send messages to voluntary muscles, as well as the heart, the stomach, and certain glands. FTP name this neurotransmitter. ACETYLCHOLINE 2. Her maiden name was Mabovitch, and when she was 23 she emigrated out of the U.S. In 1966 she became secretary general of the Mapai party. FTP na me this woman who, upon the death of Levi Eshkol in 1969, became Prime Mini ster of Israel. Golda MEIR (Accept Goldie MYERSON) 3. When this three-syllable term is used in reference to a vector space V, it means, in part, that V is also endowed with a ring structure. When it is used in reference to a nonempty class S of subsets of a set X, it means that S is closed under complem entation and finite union. FTP name this term which also refers to the bra nch of mathematics which studies operations on sets. ALGEBRA 4. He worked from 1814 to 1816 on the survey of Java, and from 1818 to 184 3 on the survey of India. As surveyor general of India beginning in 1830, this Welshman introduced the most accurate surveying instruments of his tim e. FTP name the man for whom Peak XV in Tibet was renamed in 1865. Sir George EVEREST 5. The sensory-motor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage, and the formal operational stage are all part of the theory of cognitive development proposed, FTP, by what Swiss child psycholo gist? Jean PIAGET 6. Occasional problems with Islamic fundamentalists in his country haven't prevented this former script-writer from achieving word- wide literary prom inence, including the Nobel Prize for literature in 1988. FTP, name the au thor of The Beginning and the End, Midaq Alley, and the Cairo Triology. Naguib MAHFOUZ 7. Every object emits some radiation. All you need to know in order to ca lculate the rate of radiation is the object's emissivity, surface temperatu re, surface area, and a constant, the value of which is 5.67 x 10-8 W/(m2K4 ). FTP, name this constant. STEFAN-BOLTZMANN constant 8. Collaborating with his wife, a furniture designer, this noted twentieth century architect adapted styles of his native Finland to modern techniques and function. The designer of Paris' Maison Carre and MI T's Baker House, he also gained fame from his designs for laminated wood fu rniture. Alvar AALTO 9. Be proactive. Begin with the end in mind. Put first things first. Th ink win/win. Seek first to understand, then to be understood. Synergize. Sharpen the saw. You can read about these principles in, FTP, what 1989 bestselling personal management book by Stephen Covey? The SEVEN HABITS OF HIGHLY EFFECTIVE PEOPLE 10. He was born in 1912 as Albino Luciani. His name was chosen as a combi nation of his two predecessors when he was selected as pope. FTP, name thi s pope who served one month in 1978. JOHN PAUL I 11. It consists of incandescent gas at a temperature of 5800 kelvin. FTP, name this heat-emitting, light-emitting, visible surface of the sun. PHOTOSPHERE 12. He instigated reforms such as granting full rights to all free men, expanding the authority of the assembly, and instituting the concept of ostracism. FTP identify this man, who came to power in Athens in 510 B.C. and is known as the father of Athen ian democracy. CLEISTHENES 13. A composition constructed in terms of color, it depicts a boat at sea against a background of dark pinks, purples, and blues. FTP, name this painting, by Edward Monet, from whose title the name of a style of art was later derived. IMPRESSION: SUNRISE 14. Caused by the microorganism Borrelia burgdorferi, it attacks the heart, liver, kidneys, and other organs. Tetracycline has been used to treat it . FTP identify this disease which had its first outbreak in 1977 in a small New England community. LYME Disease 15. His original name was Mortimer and he appeared in 1928 in Plane Crazy. A year later he appeared, under a new name, and with a high squeaky voice, in Steamboat Willie. Years later he was featured in a children's TV sh ow in which the theme song spell ed out his name. FTP name the animated star of the Sorcerer's Apprentice in Disney's Fantasia. MICKEY MOUSE 16. While in his twenties, he fled to South America, where he became famous as a leader of the rebel forces in Uruguay and Brazil. He also lived briefly in the U.S., fought for the French against Prussia, was elected to the Italian parliament, and tried twice to capture Rome from the Pope. FTP, name this famous revolutionary leader of the Red Shirts. Giuseppe GARIBALDI 17. He built his capital city of Agade in honor of the goddess Ishtar. Af ter overthrowing Lugalzaggisi, he reigned circa 2334 to 2279 B.C., becoming king over southern Mesopotamia and builder of an empire that may have stretched to the Mediterranean. Two later Assyrian kings share his name, as does a microcomputer chess program popular in the 1980s. FTP name this ruler of Akkad. SARGON of Akkad 18. Some of the world's most significant volcanic activity occurs on islands. FTP, on what volcanically active island would you find Surtsey and Hekla, two important features of the mid-oceanic ridge? ICELAND 19. Born in 1930, his works are often science fiction reflecting a theme of disaster. The theme is reflected in his novels The Drowned World and High Rise. FTP name the British novelist who wrote the Empire of the Sun. J. G. BALLARD 20. Although its name suggests that something is lost, this word actually describes a chemical change in which an atom or group of atoms gain an electron. FTP, name this process, the opposite of oxidation. REDUCTION 21. Born in 1858 and dying in 1940, this author was originally a school te acher. Works such as Gosta Berling's Saga and Jerusalem won her much accla im. FTP name this author, the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in literature. Selma LAGERLOF 22. It is superconductive and is very magnetic at low temperatures. It is used in electronic components, alloys, and other products needing to withst and high temperatures. FTP name this silver-white element of the lanthinide series with the atomic weight of 157.25. GADOLINIUM 23. Her shyness and delicacy are conveyed by her emotional attachment to a glass unicorn. FTP name this character who appears in "The Glass Menagerie" by Tennessee Williams. LAURA WINGFIELD 24. Synthesized in the nucleus according instructions provided by DNA, this molecule moves through nuclear pores to ribosomes in the cytoplasm, where the information it contains is used to synthesize proteins. FTP, name this nucleic acid. MESSENGER RNA 25. Born in 1928, his bizarre personality and flair for self- publicity mad e him a household name. Among his lesser known works are The New Spirit an d Handpainted Flower. FTP name this artist who worked out of the Factory. Andy WARHOL 26. Physician, philosopher, and professor of medicine, he is credited with starting the rise of the Paduan school as a center for medical study. His Conciliator differentiarum, in which he attempted to reconcile Arabian med icine and Greek speculative natural philosophy, was considered authoritative as late as the sixteenth century, but this didn't stop the Inquisition from convicting him of heresy and magic after his death. FTP name this medieval Italian. Pietro D'ABANO BONI: 1. (30) Identify the following about transformations for 10 points each. (10) Identify the nymph whom Zeus transformed into a bear, and who shares her name with a moon of Jupiter. CALLISTO (10) 10 points for your answer in German, or 5 in English: Name the Franz Kafka novel in which Gregor Samsa finds himself transformed into a giant bug. Die VERWANDLUNG (or The Metamorphosis) (fair-VAHND-loong, but accept mispronunciations) (10) _The_Breast_ is a 1972 book about a literature professor who is trans formed into a 155-pound breast. Identify its author. Philip ROTH 2. (30) Name each of the following Lucasian Professors of Mathematics at Cambridge University for the stated number of points. For 5: A mathematician and physicist, he assumed the chair in 1669 Sir Isaac NEWTON For 10: A cosmologist and physicist, he took chair in 1980. Stephen HAWKING For 15: A physicist, he assumed the chair in 1932, one year before winning a Nobel Prize. Paul Adrien Maurice DIRAC 3. (30) In 1947, Congress passed the Taft-Hartley Labor Act. For ten points each, twenty total, labor your way through the following mass of lab or legislation: The offical name of the Taft-Hartley Labor Act. LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS Act The 1935 labor legislation that the Taft-Hartley qualified and amended. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS Act or WAGNER Act The 1932 piece of legislation which was nullified in part by the Taft-Hartley Labor Act. FEDERAL ANTI-INJUNCTION Act or NORRIS-LAGUARDIA Act 4. (30) FTP each, answer the following about the valley of the shadow of death. Psalm 23 in the 1662 edition of this book contains the lines "Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil." Name the service book used by the Church of England from 1549 until the mid 1970s. The BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER As this Russian novelist lay dying in 1910, he refused to be converted to the Russian Orthodox Church, saying to his priest, "Even in the valley of the shadow of death, two and two do not make six." Name him. Leo TOLSTOY Identify the title of the song by Coolio, featuring LV, which contains the line "As I walk through the valley of the shadow of death." GANGSTA'S PARADISE 5. (30) Identify each of the following structures as being located in either the forebrain, the midbrain, or the hindbrain. Ten points for 3 correct, 20 for 4, and thirty for all 5. hippocampus: FOREBRAIN cerebellum: HINDBRAIN medulla: HINDBRAIN tectum: MIDBRAIN temporal lobe: FOREBRAIN 6. (30) Answer the following about Israel for 10 points each. (10) Israel's access to the Red Sea comes through what gulf? Gulf of AQABA (10) The consolidation party is known by what name? LIKUD (10) An Israeli-born Jew is referred to by this term, which literally refers to a prickly-pear cactus. SABRA 7. (30) T. S. Eliot's poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" has been called the first masterpiece of modernism in the English language. After each excerpt from the poem that I read, you give me the next three words of the poem. Ten points for each group of three words. Let us go then, you and I, When the evening is spread out ... AGAINST THE SKY In the room the women come and go ... TALKING OF MICHELANGELO We have lingered in the chambers of the sea By sea-girls wreathed with seaweed red and brown Till human voices wake us, ... AND WE DROWN 8. (30) Given the following descriptions, name the electrical device for 10 points each: A three-terminal, solid-state device used for amplification and switching, it is the solid state analog to the triode electron tube. TRANSISTOR A two-terminal device that permits current flow predominantly in one direction. DIODE A special-purpose electron tube in which electrons are accelerated by high-voltage anodes, formed into a beam by focusing electrodes, and projected to ward a phosphorescent screen that forms one face of the tube. CATHODE RAY TUBE 9. (30) For the stated number of points, answer the following questions about the Fronde. For 5: What adviser to Anne of Austria was forced to flee temporarily to Germany a fter being targeted by the rebels? Cardinal MAZARIN For 10: What peace treaty shortly after the beginning of the Fronde freed French troops to take action against the rebels? Peace of WESTPHALIA For 15: Name the principal instigator of the Fronde, a prince and military leader also known as Louis II de Bourbon. CONDE 10. (30) Name the mathematician from the description, ten points each. (10) Killed by the Romans in 212 B.C. while drawing diagrams in the sand. ARCHIMEDES (10) Alexandrian mathematician who wrote a treatise on conic sections. APOLLONIUS (10) This Austrian logician refused to become a United States Citizen because he beleived he had found a logical error in the Constitution. Kurt GODEL 11. Identify the authors of the following works FTP each. The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love Oscar HIJUELOS The Delta Wedding Eudora WELTY Watch on the Rhine Lillian HELLMAN 12. The Taiping Rebellion threatened the ruling Chinese dynasty probably more than any other 19th-century event. Your team may also be threatened unless you know the following about the Taping Rebellion. During which dynasty did the Taiping Rebellion occur? CH'ING Name the visionary from Guangdong province who started the rebellion. HUNG Hsiu-ch'uan Hung Hsui-ch*uan sought to establish a new dynasty, the Taiping. What does Taiping mean? GREAT PEACE 13. FTP each, name the discoverer of each of the following celestial bodies. Uranus William HERSCHEL Pluto Clyde TOMBAUGH Ceres Giuseppe PIAZZI 14. Your team will be singing if you can identify the following composers given vocal works, FTP each. Vocalise, Vespers, The Bells Sergei RACHMANINOFF St. Paul, Elijah Felix MENDELSSOHN Israel in Egypt, Saul, Judas Maccabeus George Frideric HANDEL 15. Thirty-twenty-ten, identify the poem from which the following lines are all taken. 30: "What men or gods are these? What maidens loath?" 20: "Thou, silent form, dost tease us out of thought as doth eternity: Cold Pastoral!" 10: "Beauty is truth, and truth beauty" ODE ON A GRECIAN URN 16. (30) For five points each, identify the following computer- related acronyms. SCSI SMALL COMPUTER SYSTEMS INTERFACE LISA LOCALLY INTEGRATED SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE WAIS WIDE AREA INFORMATION SERVER PCL PRINTER CONTROL LANGUAGE ISDN INTEGRATED SERVICES DIGITAL NETWORK PCI PERIPHERAL CONNECT INTERFACE or PERIPHERAL COMPONENT INTERFACE 17. 30-20-10. Name the work of literature. 30: It is subtitled "An Agony in Eight Fits." Scholars have attributed to the work hidden meanings from political subversion to existential agony. 20: It describes the sea voyage of several men including a bootblack, barrister, broker, banker, baker, and butcher. 10: These men search for an elusive creature who is never pictured because the author wanted each reader to use his imagination. THE HUNTING OF THE SNARK 18. (30) Microogranisms FTP each, given a microorganism, tell the disease it causes. Bacillus Athracis ANTHRAX Epstien-Barr Virus MONONUCLEOSIS Pasteurella Pestis BUBONIC PLAGUE 19. FTP given a quote, or for 5 points given the book in which the work appeared, name the following people: For 10: "Superstition, idolatry, and hypocrisy have ample wages, but truth goes a begging." For 5: Table Talk Martin LUTHER For 10: "Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have the consola tion with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly." For 5: The American Crisis, No. 1 Thomas PAINE For 10: "I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just; that his justice cannot sleep forever; that considering numbers, nature, and natural means only, a revolution of the wheel of fortune, an exchange of situation, is among possible events; that it may become probably by supernatural interference!" For 5: Notes on Virginia Thomas JEFFERSON 20. 30-20-10. Identify this person. 30: In 1901, he founded the Santiniketan, or Abode of Peace, later called Visva-Bharati University, a school that stressed social reform, international unity, and rural reconstruction. 20: His written works include The Gardener, The Crescent Moon, Chitra, Personality, and Sadhana: The Realization of Life. 10: He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913, especially for his poetry collection entitled Gitanjali. Rabindranath TAGORE 21. (30) Scandanvian authors FTP each, given a work, name the author Hunger Knut HAMSUN Barabbas Par LAGERKVIST Kristin Lavransdatter Sigrid UNDSET 22. For five points each, thirty total, put the following computer programming languages in the order in which they were developed, from first to last: BASIC, C, COBOL, FORTRAN, LISP, Pascal. FORTRAN, LISP, COBOL, BASIC, PASCAL, C 23. (30) FTP each, given a year in the twentieth century, tell who was pope. 1982 JOHN PAUL II 1961 JOHN XXIII 1929 PIUS XI