1995 Guy Fawkes Eve Buzzer Explosion Questions by Davis A Tossups 1. This Neo-Gaullist politician moved to prominence in French national politics when he was appointed prime minister in 1974. From 1977-1986 he was mayor of Paris, but he achieved international recognition when he was elected president in 1995. FTP, name him. Answer: Jacques CHIRAC 2. With its inaugural opening in the summer of 1995, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland is now reality. Aside from the memorabilia of the museum, visitors may be intrigued by the building itself. FTP, identify the museum's architect, who also designed the John Hancock tower in Boston and the East Wing of the National Gallery in Washington. Answer: I. M. PEI 3. British actor Kenneth Brannagh's next film role will be as one of the most villainous of Shakespeare's characters. This character has the memorable line, "Who steals my purse steals trash", as well as the oft-quipped "O beware, my lord, of jealousy; it is the green-eyed monster," so it will be a good chance for Brannagh to show off. FTP, identify this Shakesperean villian, driven to bitterness by the title character's choosing of Cassio as his lieutenant. Answer: IAGO 4. While at Oxford, he wrote and circulated a pamphlet called "The Necessity of Atheism", and was expelled for refusing to answer certain questions about it. In 1811, he eloped with the 16-year- old Harriet Westbrook, but separated from her in 1814 and soon after eloped with his more well-known lifetime companion. FTP, name this English poet, whose writings include the famous "Defence of Poetry", as well as poems like "Alastor, or the Spirit of Solitude", "The Mask of Anarchy", "The Sensitive Plant", and "Ode to the West Wind". A: Percy Bysshe SHELLEY 5. It comes from the French word meaning "to blow or puff up". Most recipes for this dish usually call for cream sauce, the addition of beaten egg whites, and several minutes of baking in the straight-sided dish from which it is served after being removed from the oven. FTP, name the dish. SOUFFLE 6. He was a commander in France during the Hundred Years' War. While in charge of England, his economic policies and alliance with John Wyclif made him unpopular in many quarters, as did his unsuccessful campaigns to claim the Castillian throne. FTP, name this fourth son of Edward III, who from 1371 ruled England for his senile father and young nephew Richard II, and whose eldest son became Henry IV. A: JOHN of GAUNT 7. Born around 540 B.C. in Ephesus, he is known to us through some 125 fragments of his own work and by comments of later authors. Believing in universal impermanence and that all things, notably opposites, were interrelated, he considered fire the fundamental element of the universe. FTP, name this Greek philosopher, called "the Obscure" for his cryptic style, whose view of the transience of all things exerted a strong influence on Plato. A: HERACLITUS 8. They are small intercellular parasites which are nonmotile and nonspore forming. They range in length from .3 to 1 mocrometers. They live in cells of ticks and mites and are transmitted to humans through insect bites. They are responsible for several fever-producing diseases, including typhus fever and trench fever. FTP, what are these organisms, named after the man who first found them in 1909 while analyzing the blood of patients suffering from Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever? RICKETTSIAE 9. Known as the "sweater girl," this screen star acted in the movies Peyton Place and The Postman Always Rings Twice , but she gained tabloid fame when her daughter, Cheryl Crane, killed her abusive boyfriend, Johnny Stompanato, in 1958. FTP, name the screen star who died of throat cancer in June of 1995. Answer: Lana TURNER 10. Born in Sweden in 1707, he studied botany and helped to organize the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. FTP, name this founder of the modern system of scientific nomenclature of plants and animals. Answer: Carolus LINNAEUS 11. He achieved success in art through a direct and hauntingly simple style. He painted extremely large and complex pictures of exotic subjects in a "primitive" technique with the use of strong color. With his unique style, he became the leader of the primitivist school of postimpressionism. His works had a major impact on cubism. FTP, who is this French painter, whose paintings include "Landscape with Tree Trunks," "The Repast of the Lion," and "Tropical Forest with Monkeys"? Henri Rousseau 12. Originally a classical composer and contemporary of Aaron Copland, this American turned to literary writing and moved to Morocco with his wife, also a writer of note. FTP, identify this author of "The Sheltering Sky". Answer: Paul BOWLES 13. In 1951, Gen. Douglas McArthur was forced to resign as commander of Allied forces in the Korean War due to policy disagreements with President Truman. In 1952, Gen. Dwight Eisenhower resigned as supreme commander of allied forces in Europe to become a presidential candidate. Each was succeeded by the same man. FTP, name this Virginia-born West Point graduate. Answer: Matthew B. RIDGWAY 14. Originally a syndicated journalist, she moved to Florida to write fiction. Her writing found inspiration in the people and landscape of rural Florida. Her first novel was "South Moon Under" -- others that followed were "Golden Apples", "Cross Creek", and the Pulitzer Prize winning book, "The Yearling". FTP, name her. Answer: Marjorie K. RAWLINGS 15. As a result of his many wilderness wanderings, this Scottish- born naturalist was inspired to lobby the U.S. government to adopt a forest conservation policy. His efforts also led to the creation of Sequoia and Yosemite National Parks. FTP, name the founder and first president of the Sierra Club. Answer: John MUIR 16. In a three-dimensional cartesian coordinate system, the equation x2 + y2 = 1 describes a cylinder. What kind of surface is described by the equation x2 + y2 = z2? Answer: CONE or CONICAL or TWO CONES or DOUBLE CONE 17. They believe in a dual God made up of the eternal father and eternal mother, who are the parents of mankind. Their official name is The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, or The Millennial Church. Their popular name, originally derogitory, refers to the motions made during their religious dances. For 10 points, name this celibate religious sect, founded in England as a secession from the Quakers and transplanted to the United States by Ann Lee. SHAKERS 18. Button, portobello, shiitake, morel. These are all varieties of, FTP, what edible fungus, whose poisonous variety is called a toadstool? Answer: MUSHROOMS 19. Roger B. Taney. Charles Fairchild. John Connally. George Schultz. Henry Morgenthau. Lloyd Bentson. These men have all held, FTP, what same cabinet post, first held by Alexander Hamilton? Answer: SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY (or TREASURY SECRETARY) 20. Born in 1750, this Italian composer lived mainly in Vienna and died there in 1825. A popular teacher, his pupils included such future greats as Beethoven and Schubert. He composed many Italian operas, including "Falstaff", based on Shakespeare's "The Merry Wives of Windsor." Other works include 6 masses, a "Passion" oratorio, and 2 piano concertos. Who was this man, a main character in a opera by Rimsky-Korsakov and a 1980 play by Peter Shaffer, who was driven into jealous paranoia by the genius of his musical rival Mozart? Antonio SALIERI 21. The recent feat of Cal Ripken, Jr. renewed discussion about the life of Lou Gherig, who lent his name to the fatal disease ALS. FTP, what does ALS stand for? AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS (better known as Lou Gherig's disease) 22. Italy and Brazil are remembered for the performance of their national men's soccor teams in the 1994 World Cup Tournament. FTP name the recent world champion in the 1995 World Cup Tournament of women's soccer. Answer: NORWAY 23. Compared to many of his contemporaries, Beethoven's operatic output was very limited. Well known overtures, like Egmont and Leonore, had no operas to follow. FTP, name Beethoven's only opera. Answer: FIDELIO 24. Political junkies can now expect a new publication to satisfy their fix. FTP, what is the one word common proper name of the magazine recently launched by John F. Kennedy, Jr.? Answer: GEORGE 25. The age of the typewriter is drawing to a close with the July 1995 announcement of the bankruptcy of, FTP, what largest typewriter company in the U.S. Answer: SMITH CORONA 26. A medical doctor by training, she has made her mark in the world of literature with such books as Shame (or Laija ). In fact it was with the 1993 publication of that book that this Bangladeshi writer was issued an arrest warrant and, like Salmon Rushdie, received the Islamic fundamentalist "death sentance" or "Fatwah." FTP, name her. Answer: Taslima NASREEN Boni 1. (30) Jaques Chirac was elected president of France in 1995. For 10 points each, name his 3 immediate predecessors. Francois MITTERAND, Valery Giscard D'ESTANG, Georges POMPIDOU 2. (30) In 1964 the country of Tanzania was formed from merging two previously independent countries. 1. First, for 5 points each, name the two nations. ZANZIBAR and TANGANYIKA 2. In 1979, Tanzania invaded a neighboring country in an effort to depose its ruler. For 5 points each, identify the country and its ruler, who was driven into exile as a result of the raid. UGANDA, Idi AMIN 3. For a final 10 points, identify the dominant political figure for most of Tanzania's early years, who advocated an "African socialist" form of development and formed close ties with the Chinese. Julius NYERERE 3. (30) Like Petrarch and Shakespeare, a number of poets have written sonnet sequences exploring various aspects of a relationship between lovers. For example, you may know that "Sonnets From the Portuguese" was written by Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Identify the authors of the following for 10 points each. If you need an additional clue, you will receive only five points. 1. First Clue: "Astrophel and Stella" Second Clue: Other works include "Arcadia" (1590). A: Sir Philip SIDNEY 2. First Clue: "Amoretti" Second clue: Other works include "The Shepheardes Calendar" and "Astrophel", an elegy on the death of Philip Sidney. A: Edmund SPENSER 3. First Clue: "The House of Life" Second Clue: Born of Italian parentage, he was also the painter of such works as "Ecce Ancilla Domini" (1850). A: Dante Gabriel ROSSETTI 4. (30) 1995 has been one of the most active hurricane seasons of the century in the North Atlantic. For 5 points each, name any six of the 17 North Atlantic cyclones of the 1995 season. Answer: Allison, Barry, Chantal, Dean, Erin, Felix, Gabrielle, Humberto, Iris, Jerry, Karen, Luis, Marilyn, NOEL, OPAL, Pablo, or Roxanne [note: it is possible that yet another hurricane may form after the time of the writing of these questions. If that happens, then the new hurricane would be called SEBASTIEN] 5. (30) After years of violence in Northern Ireland, Protestants and Catholics seem more disposed to dialogue. For 10 points each, name the principle representatives of the partisan groups based on their description. 1) The current leader of Sinn Fein, the political branch of the Irish Republican Army. Answer: Jerry ADAMS 2) The British Secretary for Northern Island, appointed by the British Prime Minister. Answer: Sir Patrick MAYHEW 3) For a final ten points, identify the prime minister of Ireland who in January 1994 ended the Irish ban on broadcast appearances by Sinn Fein members. Answer: Albert Reynolds 6. (30): 30-20-10. Name this person. 30: Robert Louis Stevenson wrote a famous essay about him subtitled "An Open Letter to the Rev. Dr. Hyde." 20: Born in Belgium in 1840, the real name of this Roman Catholic missionary was Joseph de Veuster. 10: He worked with the lepers in a government hospital on Molokai Island and eventually died of leprosy himself. FATHER DAMIEN 7. (30): Everyone knows that Ibsen and Grieg are Norwegian, but how much do you know about the less famous Norwegians? Identify the following men for 15 points each. 1. A friend and rival of Ibsen's, he wrote plays of social realism which, though inferior to Ibsen's work, were much more popular in Norway at the time than Ibsen's plays. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1903. Bjornstjerne BJORNSON 2. In 1824, this mathematician proved that the general polynomial equation of degree greater than or equal to 5 is not solvable by radicals, anticipating the discoveries of the similarly short-lived Frenchman Evariste Galois. Today this man's name is featured prominently in the study of commutative groups. Neils Henrik ABEL 8. (30) In 1975, astronauts and cosmonauts met in space for the first time in the Apollo-Suyez mission. Twenty years later, they met again in June of this year, linking a space shuttle with a Russian space station. For 5 points each, name the spacecrafts that brought the crews a little closer together. Ans.: MIR space station and the space shuttle ATLANTIS On the subject of space shuttles, to earn your last twenty points, identify the space shuttle that launched the Hubble Space telescope into space, and the year in which this happened, for 10 points each. Ans: Discovery, 1990 9. (30) The ongoing conflict in the Balkans primarily involves Serbia, Bosnia, and Croatia. In September of 1995, diplomatic initiatives brought all sides closer to peace in the region. FTP each, name the national leaders of each nation at the time this diplomatic effort. Answer: Slobadan MILOSEVIC (mee-lo-sa-vich) - Serbia, Franjo TUDJMAN - Croatia, Ilia IZETBEGOVIC - Bosnia 10. (30) For 10 points each, given a grammy award winning album and the year it won, identify the artist who made the album. a. Innervisions 1973 ANSWER: Stevie Wonder b. Can't Slow Down 1984 ANSWER: Lionel Ritchie c. Button Down Mind 1960 ANSWER: Bob Newhart 11. (30) In Africa, 8 landlocked nations are situated completely south of the equator. For 5 points each, any name 6 of them. LESOTHO, SWAZILAND, BOTSWANA, ZIMBABWE, ZAMBIA, BURUNDI, RWANDA, and MALAWI 12. (30) For various reasons, personnel in the Clinton cabinet has changed in the past two and a half years. Given the name of an original cabinet officer of the Clinton administration, name the successor, FTP each. Les Aspin Dr. William J. PERRY Mike Espy Dan GLICKMAN Lloyd Bentsen Robert E. RUBIN 13. (30) Famous jazz musicians are usually associated with a particular musical instrument. Given a well-known jazz musician, name the instrument most associated with the artist, for 5 points each, and 5 extra points for getting all four correct. Charles Mingus Ans. BASS Art Blakey DRUMS Ornette Coleman SAXOPHONE Max Roach DRUMS Don Cherry TRUMPET 14. (30) Identify the following modern activists from a brief description. 5 points each. 1. He led the Southern Christian Leadership Conference after the death of Martin Luther King, Jr. Ralph Abernathy 2. He founded the Organization of Afro-American Unity. Malcolm X 3. He was the NAACP leader killed in Jackson, Mississippi, who was succeeded by his brother Charles in 1963. Medgar Evars 4. In 1966, he became head of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, which he had helped to found six years earlier. Stokely Carmichael 5. He released the Pentagon Papers in 1969 to protest the Vietnam War. Daniel Ellsberg 6. One of the Chicago 7, he served as president of the Students for a Democratic Society from 1962-63. He later married Jane Fonda. Tom Hayden 15. (30) You no doubt know that Lemuel Gulliver found himself all tied up in Lilliput, a land of 6-inch high people with strange customs and practices. But how much do you know about the other places described in the book Gulliver's Travels? Identify the following lands, for 5 points each. 1. The nation of 6-inch high people at war with Lilliput. Blefuscu 2. The nation of 60-foot-tall giants. Brobdingnag 3. A flying island inhabited by forgetful scientific quacks. Laputa 4. An island where the inhabitants, the Struldbugs, live forever. Luggnag 5. A land of magicians and sorcerors. Glubdubdrib 6. A nation where rational, intelligent horses reign over human-like Yahoos (the name of the horses is acceptable). Land of the Houyhnhnms 16. (30) A number of interesting best selling books have been released this year. Given each title, name the author for five points each, with a five point bonus for all 5. An American Journey Colin POWELL The Politics of Dimplomacy James A. BAKER III The Lost World Michael CRICHTON A Good Life Ben BRADLEE The Moor's Sigh Salmon RUSHDIE 17. Identify the following Nobel Physics prize winners from their Nobel citations, for 10 points each. 1. 1944, "for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei". Isidor I. RABI 2. Two answers: 1978, "for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation." Arno PENZIAS and Robert WILSON 18. Name the playwright, 30-20-10 30 He was born in New York City in 1888 to a morphine- addicted mother named Ella and an alcoholic father named James. 20 His daughter, Oona, married Charlie Chaplin in 1943. 10 One of his most famous plays is Mourning Becomes Electra. Answer: Eugene O'NEILL 19. (20) Major league baseball and football are welcoming expansion teams. You may be familiar with the new teams, but can you name their home stadiums? For 10 points each, name the home stadiums of: Colorado Rockies COORS Stadium Florida Marlins JOE ROBBIE Stadium Jacksonville Jaguars JACKSONVILLE Stadium 20. (30) James I found parts of the 1605 comedy "Eastward Ho" to be unflattering to Scots, so he imprisoned two of its authors. A third collaborator on the work then voluntarily joined the other two in prison. Identify these men from the folliwing clues, for 10 points each. 1. Born c. 1575, he was the author of such works as "The Dutch Courtezan" and "The Malcontent". A: John MARSTON 2. He is primarily remembered today for the first English translations of the "Iliad" and "Odyssey", published in 1611 and 1616, respectively. A: George CHAPMAN 3. This man had originally attacked John Marston in the 1601 work "The Poetaster", but they were later reconciled. He willingly joined Marston and Chapman during their brief imprisonment. A: Ben JONSON 21. (30) The names of several days of the week have their origins in Norse mythology. FTP each, name the diety for whom the day of the week is named: Friday Ans: FREYA Wednesday ODIN Tuesday TYR 22. (30) In recognition of the 75th anniversary, Congress voted to move an old sculpture of three famous suffragettes, which had resided in the Capitol basement for 75 years, to the more public Capitol rotunda. For ten points each, name the three suffragists depicted in sculpture. Answer: Susan B. ANTHONY, Lucretia MOTT, Elizabeth Cady STANTON 23. (30) His boyhood friend was Louis Capet, who later became Louis VI of France, and acted as regent while Louis VII led the Second Crusade in 1147. But his lasting fame is with his design of the rebuilt church of Saint-Denis, which served as an inspiration to Gothic architecture. Answer: SUGER (pronounced soo JAY) 25. (25) Great writers, long-since deceased, still seem to be able to provide us with new works. For 25 points what French writer, who died in 1960 has only recently had his The First Man published? Answer: Albert CAMUS 6. (25) The summer of 1995 has been a season of business mergers. For 5 points each, and a 5 point bonus for all 5, I'll name a company, and you name the major company with which it was discussing merging. Chemical Bank Ans: CHASE MANHATTAN Disney Ans: CAP CITIES Westinghouse Ans: CBS Nations Bank Ans: BANK SOUTH Time-Warner Ans: TURNER BROADCASTING 7. (30) Born in Moorestown, NJ in 1885, this woman suffragist was imprisoned three times in England for her activities in the woman suffrage movement there, and then returned to the U.S. to be imprisoned another three times and found the National Women's Party. Compared to contemporary woman suffrage leaders, she advocated militant tactics to publicize her causes. Name her for 30 points. Answer: Alice PAUL