1995 Guy Fawkes Eve Buzzer Explosion
Questions by Arizona State University
Toss-Ups by Arizona State University
1) First mentioned in Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings
of Britain, this man was a hostage given to the invading Caesar by
the Britons as tribute. Later, as king of Britain, he maintained
peace with the Romans, but his sons Guiderius and Arviragus refused
to pay tribute to the Romans after his death, spurring another
invasion. Around 1610, Shakespeare uses this man's life as the
basis for a play in which the cynical Iachimo attempts to destroy
the marriage of the princess Imogen and Posthumus Leonatus. FTP,
name the man and the play.
2) Among other literary efforts, this man wrote one of the best
comedies of the Italian Renaissance, The Mandrake, and a novella
entitled Belfagor, in which the title character, a demon, comes to
Earth to determine if marriage is the principal cause of the
damnation of mortals. But he is better known for works he composed
in exile between 1513 and 1517. FTP, name this man who wrote both
the Discourses and another famous work when the return of the
Medici to Florence temporarily made him unemployed.
ANSWER: Nicolo _Machiavelli_
3) For this question, you need only give the common surname. The
son served some in Parliament, but he was more interested in
writing, creating the earliest history of art in the English
langauge, as well as the behemoth work Correspondence and the first
English gothic novel, The Castle of Otranto. The father was the
leader of the Whig party and was twice Prime Minister of England,
and was a champion of free trade, before his ministry fell in 1742.
FTP, give the common surname of these Earls of Orford.
ANSWER: _Walpole_ (Horace and Robert)
4) He was estranged from his father, and he became a warrior with
the Mtetwa tribe, under Dingiswayo. Later, he became chief of his
own tribe, and he revolutionized their fighting tactics by
introducing the assegai, a light javelin, and by organizing his
warriors into disciplined units that fought in close formation
behind large cowhide shields. FTP, name this man, who in 1819
defeated the Ndwandwe people at the Battle of Gqokoli Hill, an
event which signaled the beginning of the Zulu empire in Natal.
ANSWER: _Shaka_ Zulu
5) First he attempted to sell the idea of a spinning cannon
projectile to the British war office during the Crimean War. They
turned him down. So he went to France, where an impertinent
artillery officer told him that the cannon would have to be
stronger in order to shoot a spinning projectile without blowing
up. So he went out and created a method to make stronger cannon,
which others rapidly copied. However, the others failed to use
phosphorus-free iron, and made bad cannon, and called this man a
charlatan. He had the last laugh, though, growing rich off of his
steelworks in Sheffield, and being knighted in 1879. FTP, name this
man who created the process of steel production bearing his name.
ANSWER: Sir Henry _Bessemer_
6) Chinchaysuyu, Antisuyu, Cuntisuyu, and Collasuyu are the four
quarters of their empire, a land they called Tawantinsuyu, which
appropriately enough means "Land of the Four Quarters". Their
creator god is called Wiraqocha, while Pachamama represents the
Earth, Killa the Moon, and Mamaqocha the water. The empire was
first organized under the rule of Pachakuti, who ruled from 1438 to
1471, but less than one hundred years later it itself was
conquered. FTP, name this empire whose last ruler was Atahualpa.
ANSWER: _Inca_(n) Empire
7) They were largely the inspiration of James Farmer, and the first
ones began on May 4, 1961, eventually ending short of their goal on
May 14 in Birmingham. Because no police were on hand to control
the riots which occured because of them, Robert Kennedy sent 500
U.S. Marshals under the direction of Byron White to Alabama to help
maintain order. It is thought that overall, about 1000 people
participated in twelve of these events. FTP, name these events
which were used to help end segregation in Southern interstate bus
ANSWER: _Freedom Rides_
8) A major influence on this person was his father, who as town
bandmaster experimented with tone clusters, polytonality,
quartertones, and acoustics. A successful insurance agent, he
eventually damaged his health by devoting long hours to both
business and music, and because of sickness he composed little new
music after 1917. Later, a performance of his 3rd Symphony would
garner him the 1942 Pulitzer Prize, but he was so dismayed by
winning he gave the money away. FTP, name this American composer,
best known for The Unanswered Question, Three Places in New
England, and Concord Sonata.
ANSWER: Charles _Ives_
9) He spent part of the 1930s as commander of the Guandong Army, in
which capacity he sought to separate Mongolia from Soviet
influence, going so far as to create the autonomous republic of
Inner Mongolia. Later, he used the Marco Polo Bridge incident as an
excuse to send his army into war with China. Back home, he became
War Minister, a position he held from 1940 to 1944, but this was
not the only position he held during this time. FTP, name this man
who engineered the downfall of Konoe Fuminaro and who became
Japan's Prime Minister just in time for Pearl Harbor.
ANSWER: _Tojo_ Hideki
10) While he wrote many works on politics and history, he also
wrote philosophical works, including "Herr Eugen During's
Revolution in Science" and "Ludwig Feuerbach and the end of
classical German philosophy". He was secretary for Spain,
Portugal, and Italy in the General Council of the First
International, although he lived in England, and was born in
Germany. FTP, name this man, author of The Dialectics of Nature,
and collaborator with Karl Marx.
ANSWER: Friedrich _Engels_
11) Orphaned at an early age, he was brought up by his grandfather
and uncle, both members of the Quraysh, the tribe responsible for
maintaining the local religious icon. Later, in his twenties, he
married a wealthy widow, who freed him from financial concerns,
bore him seven children, and supported his meditations. And still
later, according to one legend, he was poisoned by a women who
sought to test his ability to prophecy the future. FTP, name this
man who spent much time in a cave in Mount Hira before his supposed
vision of the angel Gabriel.
12) First discovered in 1911 by a German entomologist named
Kattwinkel, it was up to geologist Hans Reck to relocate it and
explore it in 1913. 300 feet deep and with five main beds of lake,
stream, and volcanic deposits, it opens a geologic "window in time"
from 1.8 million years ago, at the bottom of Bed I, to 17,000 years
ago, near the top. FTP, name this area on the edge of the
Serengeti Plain, famous for the discoveries made there by Louis
ANSWER: _Olduvai_ Gorge
13) The son of an abolitionist, he grew up on a farm in southern
Wisconsin, became a schoolmaster, lost his right arm at Shiloh, and
became a professor of geology at Illinois Wesleyan University. In
1881, he became the second director of the fledgling U.S.
Geological Survey, and he was also instrumental in establishing the
Bureau of American Ethnology. FTP, name this man, who along with
six crew members descended the Green and Colorado Rivers in 1869,
and who gave his name to a large artificial lake on the Colorado in
ANSWER: John Wesley _Powell_
14) Brunsbuttel, Burg, Rendsburg, and Kronshagen, all cities in
Schleswig-Holstein, lie along it. For a quick ten points, name
this waterway opened in June 1895, which extends from the Elbe to
the Baltic, and which is named for the German seaport at its Baltic
ANSWER: _Kiel_ Canal
15) Discovered by Davy in 1807, it remained a laboratory curiosity
until Oersted showed in 1824 how it could be used to help make pure
aluminum metal. Oersted's discovery led to the creation of a
process to isolate this element, a process rendered obsolete by the
introduction of Down's process in 1921. Since it oxidizes
instantly upon exposure to air, it is stored under kerosene. FTP,
name this element with one stable and five radioactive isotopes, a
silvery-white maleable metal which burns with yellow flame, and
which, if you need to know, combines with chlorine to make salt.
16) Taken to France in 1789 to be educated, he came to the Mill
Grove estate, near Philadelphia, in 1803. After 1807, he was a
merchant at Louisville and Henderson in Kentucky, and later worked
at the Western Museum in Cincinnati, beginning in 1820. During an
1826 trip to England and Scotland, he procured the services of
Robert Havell, a London engraver, and with Havell's help he began
to publish his life's artistic work. FTP, name this man who
created The Birds of America.
ANSWER: John James _Audubon_
17) He developed a theory of resonance in the molecular structure
of organic chemicals, studied the nature of serological reactions
and the molecular structure of antitoxins, and with Campbell and
Pressman produced synthetic antibodies. He also was instrumental
in procuring the signatures of 52 Nobel Laureates for the Mainau
Declaration of Nobel Laureates, which declared that "all nations
must come to the decision to renounce force as a final resort of
policy." FTP, name this chemist and peace activists who won Nobel
Prizes for both his chemistry and his peace activity.
ANSWER: Linus _Pauling_
18) Born in 1882, he received his early education in Arizona, where
he wrote for the Phoenix Morning Courier. He worked for the U.S.
Consular Service in Budapest, Trieste, and Fiume from 1901 to 1904,
and later returned to the region during World War I to command the
U.S. air forces on the Italo-Austrian front, after resigning from
the House of Representatives. He later returned to the House from
1923 until 1933, when he took the office for which he is most
famous. FTP, name this three-term mayor of New York City.
ANSWER: Fiorello _LaGuardia_
19) One of his works translates as "On Husbandry", and it was
written in imitation of Hesiod's Works and Days, with factual
information supplied by Varro's De re rustica, or "On Farming".
Another of his works consists of ten unrelated pastoral poems
written in imitation of Theocritus. Born of a nouveau-riche
father and well- connected mother, he studied at Cremona and
Mediolanum before becoming a pupil of the Epicurean philosopher
Saro at Naples. After he died, his tomb became an object of cult,
and people attempted to foretell the future by opening his works
and picking a line at random. FTP, name this Roman author of the
Georgics, the Eclogues, and some bit of pulp fiction called The
ANSWER: _Virgil_ (Publius Vergilius Maro)
20) He spent a portion of the 1770s as the secretary for a rich
planter in the West Indies, and was captured by the British when he
attempted to return home to New York in 1778. However, it was
after his second capture in 1780 that he was remanded to the
British ship Scorpion in New York harbor, and only after a period
of torture and starvation was he exchanged as a prisoner of war.
In his later life, he began publication of the National Gazzette,
a vehicle to attack Alexander Hamilton, and he continued his
lifelong love, writing poetry. FTP, name this creator of the poem
The British Prison Ship, who earned the title "The Poet of the
ANSWER: Philip _Freneau_
21) Born between the years 1525 and 1530, he spent the years
1551-1555 in Italy, with the effect of this trip showing in such
paintings as Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, which shows
peasants in an idealized Italian setting, working where the cliffs
meet the sea, either not noticing or not caring about the legs of
Icarus just above the water. But he is more famous for a series of
calendrical works executed around 1565. FTP, name this painter of
The Harvesters, a work representing a late summer month, and the
wintry work Hunters in the Snow. ANSWER: Pieter _Bruegel_ the
22) Baltic (1922), comprising Poland, Estonia, Latvia, and Finland.
Balkan (1934), comprising Yugoslavia, Greece, Rumania, and Turkey.
Little (1920), comprising Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. Anglo-
Russian (1907). Triple (1908), comprising Britain, Russia, and
France. And Cordiale (1904), comprising Britain and France. FTP,
the addition of what one word to all the foregoing completes the
names of all these alliances?
23) In his younger days, he was a member of The Apostles; later, he
married the ballerina Lydia Lopokova, but found that her brains did
not match her beauty and thus had an affair with Duncan Grant. His
fame rests partly on his use of the recently invented concept of
the multiplier to create what was to become a dominant economic
theory which turned Say's Law on its head by postulating that
demand creates its own supply. FTP, name this man who thought
that employing a person to dig a hole and fill it again was more
beneficial to the economy than unemployment, and who wrote The
General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money in 1936.
ANSWER: John Maynard _Keynes_
24) That Night in Rio, Weekend in Havana, Springtime in the
Rockies, The Gang's All Here, Four Jills in a Jeep, Greenwich
Village, Something for the Boys, Doll Face, and If I'm Lucky
comprise the bulk of the filmography of this star who died of a
heart attack in 1955 following an appearance on TV. FTP, name this
actress, born in 1909 in Marco de Canavezes in Portugal, and who
starred in the movie Down Argentine Way after coming to America by
way of Brazil (and if you need a further hint, she wore outrageous
ANSWER: Carmen _Miranda_ (or Maria do Carmo _Miranda_ da Cuhna)
25) Agon, Brahms-Schoenberg Quartet, Bugaku, Episodes, Four
Temperments, Jewels, Serenade, Square Dance, and Symphony in Three
Movements. All these works were created by this man, who emigrated
to the United States in 1933 when invited by the philanthropist
Lincoln Kirstein, with whom he created the School of American
Ballet. FTP, name this Russian-born choreographer, who
choreographed Stravinski's Apollo, Leader of the Muses, and in 1954
created the choreography seen every Christmas in the Nutcracker.
ANSWER: George _Balanchine_
1) Given a description of a lymph gland, identify it for the stated
number of points.
a) For five points, this largest lymphoid organ is the size of a
fist and is located in the left side of the abdominal cavity just
beneath the diaphragm.
b) For ten points, these lymph organs surround the pharynx and come
in three varieties: palatine, lingual, and pharyngeal.
c) For fifteen points, these large isolated clusters of lymph
nodules, structurally similar to tonsils, are found in the wall of
the distal portion of the small intestine.
ANSWERS: _Spleen_, _Tonsils_, and _Peyer's Patches_
2) Answer these questions about American History from the year
1850, for ten points each.
a) This man introduced a series of resolutions in Congress on
January 29, 1850, which eventually became the Compromise of 1850.
b) This treaty, ratified on July 5, dictated that neither Great
Britain nor the U.S. would exclusively control any future Central
c) On June 3, representatives of nine slave states met at this
forum, to discuss the Compromise of 1850. One resolution it
adopted called for extending the Missouri Compromise line westward
to the Pacific.
ANSWERS: Henry _Clay_, the _Clayton-Bulwer_ Treaty, and
the _Nashville Convention_
3) All hail Border's! Only there (methinks) can one find the 2nd
edition of Total Baseball for $12.95. And who cares about anything
past the 1990 season anyway? Answer the following questions about
the National Pastime for ten points each.
a) This first baseman was one of the best players ever until a
sinus infection caused him to miss the 1923 season. In 1920, he
hit .407 and had 257 base hits, still the all-time record for a
b) These brothers were known as "Little Poison" and "Big Poison"
during their days in the outfield playing for Pittsburgh. While
"Big Poison" was the more powerful player, "Little Poison" holds
the all-times record for singles in one season, and he is second to
Joe Sewell in career at-bats per strikeout.
c) And now for something completely different. This first concrete
and steel stadium in the majors began its life in 1909 with a 515
foot left-center power alley, eventually brought down to 410 feet
in 1969. Its last game hosting the Phillies was on October 1,
1970. FTP, name it.
ANSWERS: George _Sisler_, _Waner_ (Paul and Lloyd), and _Shibe_
Park (or Connie _Mack_ Stadium)
4) Yeah, sure, you've heard of all of the English counties, but do
you really know anything more, like where they are or what their
capitals are? Let's find out: identify these English counties for
ten points each.
a) Located at one end of the Chunnel, its capital city is
Maidstone, and principal cities include Chatham, Dover, and
b) Located on the North Sea coast, it is just north of
Essex. Principal cities include Bury and its capital, Ipswich.
c) This English county, familar from popular literature, lies east
of the northeastern Welsh border, south of the Mersey river, and
north of Shropshire. Giving you the capital would give the
question away... ANSWERS: _Kent_, _Suffolk_, and _Cheshire_
5) For ten points each, name these women of religion.
a) Born in 1774, this American woman earned the title Protestant
Sister of Charity at a young age. But she later converted to
Catholicism, moved to Maryland, and through her work laid the
foundations of the American parochial school system.
b) This Canadian evangelist was the founder of the International
Church of the Foursquare Gospel. A revivalist and faith-healer,
she disappeared in 1926 and claimed to have been kidnapped. In
1944 she died from an overdose of sedatives.
c) Although she revered Catholicism and had mystical experiences,
she was never baptized and preferred to identify herself with the
poor. Her philosophical writings include Gravity and Grace,
Waiting on God, and The Need for Roots. If you're a math major, it
may help if I tell you that her brother Andre was one of the great
number theorists of the twentieth century.
ANSWERS: Elizabeth Ann _Seton_, Aimee Semple _McPherson_, and
6) Someone has to do it. Answer these questions about the
Gunpowder Plot for the stated number of points. No, none of the
answers is "Guy Fawkes".
a) For five points, who was the ruler of England at the time of the
b) For ten points if exactly correct, or five if within
ten years, in what year was Guy Fawlkes arrested with the
c) For fifteen points, Robert Catesby originated the plot. Why,
i.e. what was he mad about (there was an immediate reason)? The
moderator is charged with determining if your one-sentence answer
has the pertinent detail.
ANSWER: _James I_, _1605_ (1595-1615 for five points),
and a 1604 edict banishing priests from England (or anything
7) From the world of fine arts I bring you dance. Identify the
following famous dancers, or people associated with dance, for ten
a) This impresario has had perhaps the largest influence
on 20th century ballet, founding the Ballet Russes in 1909 and
employing the likes of Pavlova and Nijinsky.
b) She started at the age of six in the act "Dainty June and her
Newsboy Songsters," and she graduated from that to taking lessons
from Tessie the Tassel Twirler, who told her "You've gotta leave
them hungry for more. You don't dump the whole roast on the
platter." Her autobiography was made into a Broadway musical and
a 1962 film.
c) This Irish woman's dancing caught the eye of the elderly King
Ludwig of Bavaria, who showered presents upon her, and made her
Countess of Lansfield.
ANSWERS: Sergei _Diaghilev_, "Gypsy Rose" _Lee_, and Lola _Montez_
8) Answer the following questions about eclipses for the stated
number of points.
a) For five points, what is the core of dark shadow caused
by the ecliping body called?
b) For five points, what is the annulus of softer shadow which
surrounds the dark shadow core called?
c) For ten points, the moon does not always reside in the plane
defined by the Sun and the Earth. There is a line which connects
the two points on the Moon's orbit where it does intersect the Sun-
Earth plane. What is this line called?
d) For a final ten points, during an solar eclipse,
there can occur a situation where the Moon's edge is just tangent
to the edge of the Sun, which causes the disappearing solar
crescent to suddenly break up into a number of brilliant spots.
What are these spots called?
ANSWERS: _Umbra_, _Penumbra_, Line of _Nodes_, and _Baily Beads_
(acc. Baily's Beads for the last answer)
9) For ten points each, identify these bits from American labor
a) First passed in 1916, this Act, known by two names (either
acceptable), attempted to restrict from interstate commerce the
products of child labor. It was repeatedly ruled unconstitutional.
b) This "massacre" occured on July 6, 1892, when strikers at
Carnegie Steel fired upon two barges in the Monongahela carrying
300 Pinkerton detectives.
c) Occuring on March 25, 1911, this famed arson-set fire
killed 146, and led to increased agitation for workplace reform by
the International Ladies Garment Workers Union.
ANSWERS: _Federal Child Labor_ Law or _Keating-Owen_ Act,
_Homestead_ Massacre, and _Triangle_ Shirtwaist Fire
10) Identify these minerals from the Mohs scale on a 10-5 basis:
ten points if you can identify the mineral given a description, or
five if you need the Mohs scale number.
a) 10: the deep red version is a ruby, the blue version is the
sapphire, the transparent yellow version is oriental topaz, the
violet version is oriental amethyst, and the green version is the
5: second hardest, at 9.
b) 10: also known as hydrous calcium sulfate, it can appear as
transparent cleavable masses, called selenite, or also in a silky
and fibrous state, called satin spar, among other states.
5: second softest, at 2.
c) 10: this potassium-aluminum silicate is one of the three
5: in the middle, at 6.
ANSWERS: _Corundum_, _Gypsum_, and _Orthoclase_
11) 30-20-10, identify this American literary figure.
30: Works include Life of Margaret Fuller, Sex and Education, and
Modern Society, and the poetry collections Passion Flowers (1854)
and Later Lyrics (1866).
20: This lecturer on social reforms edited the antislavery
newspaper the Boston Commonwealth with her husband Samuel. 10:
She wrote The Battle Hymn of the Republic.
ANSWER: Julia Ward _Howe_
12) Given the work of sculpture, identify the sculptor, for the
stated number of points.
a) For five points, The Gates of Paradise, on the doors of the
Baptistery of San Giovanni, Florence.
b) For ten points, The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa.
c) For fifteen points, this Constructivist completed only the model
to Monument to the Third International; if he had completed the
actual work, you'd know about it, since it was slated to be over
1300 feet tall.
ANSWERS: _Ghiberti_, _Bernini_, and Vladimir _Tatlin_
13) 30-20-10-5, name the revolutionary movement.
30: Their mission in life was to bring back the Constitution of
1876. As such they should be distinguished from a similarly-named
group which preached reforms from 1865-1876, and from another
similarly-named group of poseurs who came to power in 1918. 20:
The constitution was restored in 1908, and this group dominated the
subsequent parliament, until it was dissolved after the 1911 war
10: Their Committee of Union and Progress, led by Enver Pasha (ne
Bey), Jamal Pasha, and Talaat Bey, seized control of the
government in 1913.
5: This two word name is often applied to up-and-coming groups of
people striving to reverse the status quo.
ANSWER: _Young Turks_
14) Given a description, name the African-American author who also
happens to be female, for ten points each.
a) Before dying of cancer at age 34, she wrote the plays The Sign
in Sidney Brustein's Window and A Raisin in The Sun.
b) Born in Senegal, she was a servant for a Boston tailor who
encouraged her poetry, which included the 1773 collection Poems on
various Subjects, Religious and Moral.
c) A professor of English, she is known for her politically charged
works, which also show strong lesbian themes. Collections include
The First Cities, Cables to Rage, Coal, and Chosen Poems, Old and
ANSWERS: Lorraine _Hansbury_, Phyllis _Wheatley_, and Audre _Lorde_
15) Can you tell your Greek philosopher-scientists apart? Identify
the following, for ten points apiece.
a) A student of Thales of Miletus, he is thought to have written
the first work of consequence in Greek prose. He was perhaps the
first to recognize the Earth's curvature, and he hypothesized that
the substance apeiron filled the universe.
b) This man was known as the "Copernicus of Antiquity," as he was
the first to propose a heliocentric theory.
c) Considered the founder of trigonometry, he determined the moon's
parallax and the distance to the moon, discovered the precession
of the equinoxes, made the first accurate star maps, and devised
the first system for classifying stars by brightness. For all
this, the European Space Agency named a satellite after him, which
they promptly lost (then found again).
ANSWERS: _Anaximander_, _Aristarchus_, and _Hipparchus_
16) Identify the following Russian authors on a 10-5 basis. a)
10: This Ukranian first earned fame during his lifetime with the
volumes of stories Evenings on a Farm near Dikanka (1831), Mirgorod
(1832), and Arabesques (1835).
5: He is more famous for the comedy The Inspector General and
the prose epic Dead Souls.
b) 10: This man wrote over 500 short stories in a life that spanned
only 44 years, but short stories are not what he is known for:
Ivanov is an example of the genre of work for which he is known.
5: Other plays include The Bear, The Marriage Proposal, and
c) 10: This playwright and novelist enjoyed a high reputation as a
satirist of Soviet life in the 1920s, but suffered under censorship
in the 1930s. Works include The White Guard, Black Snow, and The
Heart of a Dog.
5: He is most famous for his novel The Master and Margarita.
ANSWERS: Nikolai _Gogol_, Anton _Chekov_, and Mikhail _Bulgakov_
17) This is a 30-20-10 bonus where all three clues have different
answers. It works just a normal 30-20-10 bonus- once you get the
answer, the question is over. The relation between the three
answers is that they are all snooty, baguette-carrying French
authors (or they are at least French authors, if not baguette-
30: He anticipated the Theater of the Absurd with his Ubu Roi,
which is most famous for inspiring a bunch of rockers in Cleveland
to name their group Pere Ubu.
ANSWER: Alfred _Jarry_
20: This dissolute man was an early symbolist, with Rimbaud and
Mallerme, and he was also the leader of the Decadents. He is
perhaps more famous for shooting Rimbaud than for his poetry, and
he shares his first and last names with the lead singer of the band
ANSWER: Paul _Verlaine_
10: His work Carmen was the basis of the Bizet opera.
ANSWER: Prosper _Merimee_
18) Identify these figures of Greek mythology for ten points each.
a) As the first murderer, he was already in trouble. But trying to
seduce Hera was his real screw-up, which led to his being tied to
a perpetually rotating wheel in Hades, surrounded by snakes. b) In
what would psychologically scar most people for life, Demeter ate
part of his shoulder when he was offered up by his father as a meal
for the gods. With the shoulder replaced by ivory, this King of
Lydia went on, some claim, to found the Olympic Games. c) This
King of Sipylus was the son of Zeus and Pluto, and he married
Dione. His son was Pelops, the one killed and served up to the
gods. He is most famous for the punishment Zeus carried out on
ANSWERS: _Ixion_, _Pelops_, and _Tantalus_
19) For the stated number of points, answer these questions about
the psychology of learning.
a) For five points, this Greek "armchair theorist" laid out in De
Anima the three laws which account for the manner in which
associations are made in the mind: the laws of Contiguity,
Similarity, and Contrast.
b) For ten points, this 1904 winner of the Nobel Prize in Medicine
and Physiology worked out the principles of second- and third-
order conditioning, trace reflex, delayed reflex, reinforcement,
and inhibition of reflex.
c) For fifteen points, this man worked with William James at
Harvard, using problem boxes or mazes to determine how cats and
dogs learn. His three major laws are those of Readiness, Exercise,
ANSWERS: _Aristotle_, Ivan _Pavlov_, and Edward Lee _Thorndike_
20) How well do you know your ancient battles? Answer the
following for the stated number of points.
a) For five points, the Battle of Cannae occured in 216 B.C. in
b) For ten points, this naval battle of 31 B.C. ended the Roman
Civil War, although Antony and Cleopatra did escape for the time
c) For five points, identify the winning general of the 280 B.C.
Battle of Asculum in southern Italy.
d) For ten points, this naval battle of 405 B.C., in which Lysander
suprised and overwhelmed the Greeks, was the beginning of the end
for the Athenians in the Second Peloponnesian War.
ANSWERS: _Second Punic_ War, Battle of _Actium_, King _Pyrrhus_ of
Epirus, and Battle of _Aegospotami_
21) Your humble question writer learned much about the Swing Era of
jazz by seeing the recent documentary A Great Day in Harlem. Now,
he's going to quiz you. Given the musician, name the instrument he
played, for five points each.
a) Art Tatum _Piano_
b) Art Blakey _Drums_
c) Dizzy Gillespie _Trumpet_
d) Lester Young _Tenor Sax_
e) Roy Eldridge _Trumpet_
f) Thelonius Monk _Piano_
22) Answer the following scientific questions which may or may not
have anything in common, for the stated number of points. a) For
five points, the point contact type of this was invented by Bardeen
and Brattain in 1948.
b) For five points, this equation governs the evolution of a
c) For ten points, this is the process by which plants lose water
d) For ten points, the existence of the cardinal number aleph-null
is the result of the development of these numbers by George Cantor.
ANSWERS: _Transistor_, Boltzmann _Transport_ Equation,
_Transpiration_, and _Transfinite_ Numbers
23) Identify these people from the world of the Social Sciences for
ten points each.
a) The founder of modern linguistics, this man's course notes,
Course in General Linguistics, came out in 1916, three years after
b) A philosopher and sociologist, he is most famous for a series of
comparative works entitled Economic Ethics of the World Religions.
c) This Canadian, famous for one quote and one quote only, wrote
two major works: The Gutenberg Galaxy and Understanding Media.
ANSWERS: Ferdinand de _Saussure_, Max _Weber_, and Marshall
24) How well do you know your Elizabethan playwrights who aren't
Shakespeare? Identify the playwrights behind the following plays,
for five points each.
a) Volpone Ben _Jonson_
b) The Spanish Tragedy Thomas _Kyd_
c) Astrophel and Stella Sir Philip _Sydney_ d)
Doctor Faustus Christopher _Marlowe_ e) Old
Fortunatus Thomas _Dekker_
f) A Game at Chess Thomas _Middleton_
25) I'll ask you about some places you might have heard of. You'll
get 10 points if you can identify them off of a geographical clue,
and 5 points if you need a historical clue also.
a) 10: It lies on the coast in the French province of Artois,
northwest of Ypres, and between the towns of St. Pol-sur-Mer and
5: In 1940, it was the site of the military exodus from
b) 10: Lying on the north coast of Spain, it is east of Bilbao and
Baracaldo, west of San Sebastian, and northwest of Pamplona, in
5: It is the title of a painting inspired by an aerial bombing
c) 10: Lying on the Penwith peninsula in Cornwall, it is on the
west shore of Mount's Bay, where St. Michael's Mount is located.
5: The town is in the title of a famous Gilbert and Sullivan
ANSWERS: _Dunkirk_, _Guernica_, and _Penzance_
[Note to moderator: some hotshot might point out that many town
and villages may fulfill the conditions of the 10 point clues.
Remind them that protests are only valid if they happen to
correctly identify another town or village which fulfills the