Penn Bowl VIII:
ROUND 3 TOSSUPS
1. Thirty-three islands scattered across 2400 miles of the Pacific, including 8 of
the 11 Line Islands, make up this island country. Other island groups in the country
are the Phoenix Islands and the Gilbert Islands. FTP name this country, which will
be the first to celebrate the New Year's in 2000.
2. This composer's lesser known symphonic poems include From Italy
and A Hero's Life
. After his first opera Guntram
, his collaboration with Hugo von Hoffmannsthal led to Ariadne auf Naxos
and Der Rosenkavalier.
FTP, who is this composer of Till Eulenspiegel
and Thus Spake Zarathustra
3. Coming from the Latin for "rough skin," its first symptoms are skin lesions, resulting
from an abnormal sensitivity to sunlight, which later becomes reddish brown, rough
and scaly. Followed by GI and neurological disturbances, known as the "three Ds"--dermatitis, diarrhea, and dementia--FTP, name this disease, whose name derives from the
Latin for "rough skin," which is caused by a deficiency of niacin.
4. Since a crackdown on the major gangs known as triads began here last year, including
the arrest of 14-K leader Broken Tooth Koi, the triads have retaliated with a wave
of murders, including the Portuguese chief gambling inspector. This has Chinese leaders nervous, since this becomes their problem December 20. FTP, name this Asian territory
under Portuguese control for only 11 more months.
5. Appropriately enough, in his last role he played John Bernard Books, an aging gunfighter
dying of cancer who stages one last encounter so he can die in peace. Among his other
roles, he played Genghis Khan in The Conquerors
, which was filmed near a nuclear test site. FTP, name this man, best known as the
lead in westerns such as The Shootist, Rio Bravo, The Searchers
, and Big Jake.
ANSWER: John Wayne
or Marion Morrison
6. On November 25, Oakland County Prosecuting Attorney David Gorcyca brought charges
against this man, stemming from the September 17, 1998 death of Thomas Youk, an auto
mechanic suffering from ALS. Three days earlier, a videotape from this event was
aired on 60 Minutes,
showing this man administering a lethal injection to Youk. FTP, name this retired
pathologist, who has assisted more than 120 suicides.
ANSWER: Jack Kevorkian
7. Too upset to appear in court, he declared through his counsel that if he lost,
he would retire from criticism. When the court sided with the plaintiff in the amount
of one farthing, he kept his word, retiring from his Oxford professorship. FTP, name
this Englishman whose attack on the paintings of James Whistler led to the most famous
libel suit in art history.
ANSWER: John Ruskin
8. Among his later works were Industry and Trade
and Money, Credit, and Commerce
which reconciled the classical cost-of-production principle with the marginal utility
principle of William Jevons. FTP, name this British economist, who introduced the
concepts of the representative firm, quasi-rent, consumer's surplus and the elasticity
of demand in his 1890 magnum opus, Principles of Economics.
ANSWER: Alfred Marshall
9. Presented to Nuremberg in 1526, the two panels feature four figures; inscribed
quotes from their writings, translated by Luther, warn the government not to mistake
human error and pretense for the will of God. In a universal sense, the four figures
represent the Four Temperaments, encircling the Deity at the invisible center of this
"triptych." FTP, name this Albrecht Dürer work featuring John, Paul, Peter and Mark.
ANSWER: The Four Apostles
10. Originally signed on September 26, 1815, it was eventually signed by every European
ruler except the British Prince Regent, the Ottoman sultan, and the Pope, and was
intended to promote the Christian principles of charity and peace in matters of state. FTP, name this loose group, hated by liberals as a symbol of conservatism, which
was proposed by Czar Alexander I.
ANSWER: Holy Alliance
11. On October 25, 1998, just before halftime in the Jaguars-Broncos game, a record
was tied that had stood since November 8, 1898, and the man who tied it didn't even
have a special shoe. FTP, name either of these men, the current kicker for the Broncos
or the former Saints kicker, who share the record for the longest field goal in NFL
history at 63 yards.
ANSWER: Jason Elam
or Tom Dempsey
12. This ex-Soviet cosmonaut recently tried to become the Russian head of the international
space station. Citing his experience as the head of the joint Apollo-Soyuz
test project in 1975, he claimed he was perfect for the job. FTP, name this explorer,
copilot of Voskhod 2
and the first man to walk in space.
ANSWER: Alexei Arkhipovich Leonov
13. A dynamic and attractive woman, she retained the loyalty of her followers despite
her third marriage ending in divorce, a sensational five-week disappearance in 1926,
and various unproven charges against her. After her death from a barbiturate overdose, her son Rolf succeeded her as head of the International Church of the Foursquare
Gospel. FTP, name this controversial Pentecostal evangelist and early radio preacher.
ANSWER: Aimee Semple McPherson
14. He wrote "On the Knocking on the Gate in Macbeth." His black humor influenced
both Baudelaire and Poe, and his acquaintance with Wordsworth and Coleridge established
him as a leader of the prose Romantic movement. His Suspiria de Profundis
and The English Mail Coach
analyzed the importance of childhood sufferings in dreams before Freud was born.
FTP, name this author of the memoir Confessions of an English Opium-Eater.
ANSWER: Thomas De Quincey
15. Born in 1942, this director had a 1992 stint as Larry's agent on The Larry Sanders Show.
Better known for movies like Diner
and Good Morning Vietnam
, he featured his hometown of Baltimore in his 1990 movie Avalon.
FTP, name this director of Rain Man
, Wag the Dog
, and Homicide: Life on the Streets.
ANSWER: Barry Levinson
16. It rises as the Krokodil River, and from its source, it is later joined by the
Marico River and is thereafter known by this name. It flows in a semicircular course
first northeast and then east for about 1,000 miles to the Indian Ocean and forms
about 250 miles of the border between the Transvaal and Zimbabwe. FTP, name this African
river that Rudyard Kipling described as "greasy."
17. In Aristotle's Constitution of Athens
, the constitution ascribed to this man is a fabrication. What is true, however, is
that he promulgated what may have been the first comprehensive Athenian law code,
although only a few years later Solon repealed all but the laws dealing with murder.
FTP, name this man, who around 621 B.C. established a law code that punished both trivial
and serious crimes in Athens with death.
18. In cosmology, his principle states that the inertia of an object results from
a relationship of that object with the rest of the matter of the universe. In the
1870s, he conducted classic studies in experimental psychology on the perceptions
of bodily rotation. FTP, name this physicist whose name is tied to the number relating the speed
of an aircraft to the local speed of sound.
ANSWER: Ernst Mach
19. In electrochemistry, Gibbs free energy can measure the spontaneity of a reaction
from delta G
, where n
is the number of electrons transferred, F
is Faraday's constant, and E
the electromotive force. E
can be derived from, FTP, what equation named for the 1920 Nobel Prize winner in
Chemistry, that relates E
to the concentrations of a solution's components?
20. The most famous episode of this work is the allegory of Cupid and Psyche. It takes
the form of the supposed autobiography of Lucius, who is transformed by the mistake
of the servant of an enchantress. He passes from master to master, observing vices
and follies of men, and finally recovers human form by the intervention of the goddess
Isis. FTP, name this satire of the second century A.D. written by Lucius Apuleius.
ANSWER: The Golden Ass
21. He was called the "thousand-eyed," because of the thousand marks on his body resembling
eyes, the result of a curse by a sage whose wife he seduced. His allies include the
Maruts, young men who ride the clouds and make rain; the Asvins, twin horsemen; and Vishnu, who later evolved into one of the three chief Hindu gods. FTP, name this
chief Vedic god of India, later a mere regent of the heavens, and the god of rain.
22. After studying briefly in Italy, he was employed as a painter at the court of
Christian IV of Denmark. His first known design was the New Exchange in the Strand,
London; he followed that up with buildings such as the Queen's House in Greenwich,
the Banqueting House at Whitehall and the Queen's Chapel at St. James's Palace. FTP, name
this British architect who planned London's first "square" at Convent Garden.
ANSWER: Inigo Jones
23. Originated by Tisi degli Odassi, this type of verse was popularized by Folengo
in the 15th century. During the Revolutionary War, the Maryland regiment was called by this name,
and a London-based club with that name around the same time was cursed repeatedly
by their drinking, gambling, and dueling. FTP, give this common name today that is
paired by Kraft with cheese.
24. In writing for the majority, Justice Black began with the premise that "all legal
restrictions which curtail the civil rights of a single racial group are immediately
suspect." In this 1944 case, however, the Court held that wartime necessity justified the conclusion that "exclusion of the whole group [was] a military imperative." FTP,
name this case which upheld exclusion of Japanese-Americans from the West Coast.
v. United States
25. They comprise 20 species of family Sphyraenidae
. Found in all warm and tropical regions, some range into more temperate areas. Swift
and powerful, they are slender, with small scales, two well-separated dorsal fins,
a jutting lower jaw and a large mouth with many small teeth. Ranging from 4 to 6
feet long, FTP, name this predatory fish, which normally consume other fish, but sometimes
go after swimmers too.
26. It existed in various countries, including France and Germany, but was most highly
developed in England, where it was first mentioned in 1100. Derived from the Latin
for "shield," it was first levied on ecclesiastical tenants in chief who couldn't
meet their quota of knights for the king's army. It soon became a general tax on knights'
estates, standardized by 1300. FTP, name these feudal payments made in lieu of service.
[accept shield money
27. His first work, published while he was still a student, was a novella Shiiku
which told the story of the friendship between a Japanese boy and a black American
POW. His early works featured themes of madness, abuse, perverse sex and violence.
His fiction explores Japanese feelings of betrayal, dislocation and alienation following
Japan's surrender in World War II. FTP, name this winner of the 1994 Nobel Prize in
ANSWER: Kenzaburo Oe
28. He laid the cornerstone for the Basilica of the Assumption, which was the first
Roman Catholic cathedral in the United States. A founder of Georgetown University,
he was born in Upper Marlboro, Maryland, and his cousin Charles signed the Declaration
of Independence. FTP, name this first US Roman Catholic bishop.
ANSWER: John Carroll
29. The title object is a bottle of ordinary Bordeaux wine, which is purchased from
the quack Doctor Dulcamara by Nemorino, who is attempting to win the love of Adina.
Adina is won, however, not by some magic potion, but by Nemorino enlisting in the
army to purchase a second bottle to win her love. FTP, name this 1832 two-act opera by Gaetano
ANSWER: The Elixir of Love
or L'Elisir D'Amore
30. Moving to Athens c.
480 BC, he brought from Ionia the spirit of scientific inquiry. Thirty years later,
though, he was prosecuted for impiety, asserting the sun is an incandescent stone.
FTP, name this Greek naturalist philosopher, known for his discovery of the true
cause of eclipses, and the concept of nus
, or mind.
Penn Bowl VIII:
ROUND 3 BONI
25 POINT BONUS
1. For the stated number of points, given a work, name the sculptor.
 The Man with the Broken Nose
ANSWER: Auguste Rodin
 Bird in Space
ANSWER: Constantin Brancusi
 Seated Woman
, or Mediterranée
ANSWER: Aristide Maillol
2. 30-20-10. Name the astronomical objects.
 Their existence was assumed in Gulliver's Travels
and Voltaire's Micromegas
, perhaps because their existence was predicted, without evidence, by Johannes Kepler
 One has a period of revolution of 7 hours 39 minutes, and is an elongated body
about 14 miles long. The other has a period of revolution of 30 hours 18 minutes,
and is 5 miles in diameter.
 Discovered by Asaph Hall in 1877, they were named for the horses of the Greek
war god Ares.
[accept moons of Mars
for 20 or 30]
25 POINT BONUS
3. Given the song, for the stated number of points, name the band or artist who reached
the charts in 1983 with that single.
 "Making Love Out of Nothing at All"ANSWER: Air Supply
 "Total Eclipse of the Heart"ANSWER: Bonnie Tyler
 "True"ANSWER: Spandau Ballet
4. 30-20-10. Name the incident.
 In total, eleven people died--seven policeman and four bystanders. Four
of the leaders were hanged, and one committed suicide.
 The remaining three anarchists convicted for inciting violence in this explosion
were pardoned eight years later by John Altgeld, governor of Illinois.
 This 1886 event was used by advocates of organized labor to discredit the waning
Knights of Labor.
ANSWER: Haymarket Square
25 POINT BONUS
5. For the stated number of points, given the original name, name the Communist.
 Josip Broz ANSWER: Marshall Tito
 Lev Davidovich Bronstein ANSWER: Leon Trotsky
 Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich Skryabin ANSWER: Vyachslav Molotov
6. Identify the composers of these dances, 10 points each.
a. "Ritual Fire Dance" ANSWER: Manuel de Falla
b. "Polovtsian Dances" ANSWER: Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin
c. Medea's Dance of Vengeance
ANSWER: Samuel Barber
20 POINT BONUS
7. Identify these acid-base indicators from brief descriptions, 10 points each.
a. Widely used in the titration of a weak acid with a strong base, this indicator
will change from colorless to pink around a pH of 9.5.
b. With a pH color change between 1.2 and 2.8, this misnomer will actually change
from yellow to red in a strongly acidic solution.
ANSWER: thymol blue
25 POINT BONUS
8. Name these "golden" works, for the stated number of points.
 Considered Henry James' most problematic work, its characters include Charlotte
Stant, Magie Verver, and impoverished Prince Amerigo.
ANSWER: The Golden Bowl
 Banned during the Ch'ing dynasty because of its explicit eroticism, this long
novel written during the late Ming dynasty deals with the lives of Hsi-men Ching
and his six wives.
ANSWER: The Golden Lotus
or Chin p'ing mei
25 POINT BONUS
9. Given the description, name the type of schizophrenia, for the stated number of
 It is characterized by striking motor behavior--the patient may remain in a state
of almost complete immobility, interrupted by episodes of excessive motor activity.
 It is characterized mainly by shallow and inappropriate emotional responses,
foolish or bizarre behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.
20 POINT BONUS
10. Ten points each, given a building, name the 20th century architect.
a. Carson Pirie Scott & Company department store, Chicago
ANSWER: Louis Sullivan
b. Notre-Dame-du-Haut at Ronchamp
ANSWER: Le Corbusier
or Charles Edouard Jeanneret
11. Name these members of the Hudson River School from works, 10 points each.
a. Kindred Spirits
ANSWER: Asher B. Durand
b. The Course of Empire
ANSWER: Thomas Cole
c. Farmstead in the Valley, Mountain Lake with a Man Fishing
ANSWER: Thomas Doughty
12. The ineptitude of the French army is legion. Name these bad French commanders,
15 points each.
a. He succeeded Ferdinand Foch as commander-in-chief of the French army, and immediately
planned a grand offensive, which resulted in the disastrous Second Battle of the
ANSWER: Georges Nivelle
b. Though accompanied by Emperor Napoleon III, he was evidently uninspired; this Frenchman
of Scot ancestry commanded the French army captured at Sedan during the Franco-Prussian
War. ANSWER: Marie-Edme-Patrice-Maurice, comte de MacMahon
, duc de Magenta
13. In the early 1600s, a group of poets followed Ben Jonson's lead. Name these "sons
of Ben," 10 each.
a. He was a country vicar in Devonshire until 1647, when he was ejected by Puritans
for his royalist principles. He penned the line "Gather ye rosebuds while ye may."
ANSWER: Robert Herrick
b. Known for his grace, handsome appearance and aristocratic gallantry, he was twice
imprisoned for his passionate Royalism. He wrote "To Althea, from Prison."
ANSWER: Richard Lovelace
c. The first Cavalier poet, this courtier of Charles I wrote numerous songs and light
love lyrics such as "Ask Me No More Where Jove Bestows" and "Mediocrity in Love Rejected."
ANSWER: Thomas Carew
14. Ten points each, given the description, name the form of Buddhism.
a. Brought to Japan in the late Heian and early Kamakura periods, it emphasizes meditation
and physical work as a means to enlightenment, or satori
b. Meaning "lesser vehicle" in Sanskrit, these are the more orthodox, conservative
forms of Buddhism.
c. As opposed to the Hinayana, this is the "greater vehicle" of Buddhist tradition.
15. 1998 was a bad year for world leaders, who fell by the wayside in droves. Given
a description, name these former heads of state for the stated number of points.
 He held power from 1982 until his defeat in September of 1998 by Gerhard Schroeder.
ANSWER: Helmut Kohl
 After his government collapsed in early October, he was replaced as Prime Minister
by Massimo D'Alema, after leading Italy for longer than all but one leader since
World War II.
ANSWER: Romano Prodi
 On November 25, this conservative Turkish Prime Minister was ousted after losing
a no-confidence vote over corruption allegations.
ANSWER: Mesut Yilmaz
16. Given the quote and its author, name the Supreme Court case, for the stated number
 Chief Justice Marshall stated "the power to tax involves the power to destroy."
 Chief Justice Marshall wrote, "A law repugnant to the [C]onstitution is void;
and that courts, as well as other departments, are bound by that instrument."
 Justice Holmes wrote, "Three generations of imbeciles are enough."
ANSWER: Buck vs. Bell
17. Given the description of the preserved body part, name the famous person, 10 points
a. After her beheading in 1536, her heart was stolen and secretly hidden in a church;
rediscovered in 1836, it was reburied under the organ.
ANSWER: Anne Boleyn
b. After his 1618 death, his wife Elizabeth Throgmorton had his body buried but his
head embalmed and placed in a red leather bag.
ANSWER: Sir Walter Raleigh
c. During the French Revolution, the tomb of this king was plundered. At dinner one
night, Rev. William Buckland ate the embalmed heart.
ANSWER: King Louis XIV
18. Ten points each, name the alcoholic beverage.
a. It is named after the blind Benedictine monk who invented the first true sparkling
ANSWER: Dom Perignon
b. Allegedly invented in 1789 by a Baptist preacher, Elijah Craig, it's named after
his home county in Kentucky.
c. A mixture of gin, sweet vermouth and bitters, it was first served at a dinner in
honor of Gov. Samuel J. Tilden.
19. For the stated number of points, given the pen name, give the real name.
 Voltaire ANSWER: Francois-Marie Arouet
 Stendhal ANSWER: Marie-Henri Bayle
 Sax Rohmer ANSWER: Arthur Sarsfield Ward
20. This bonus ain't on Maxwell's equations. Name these Nobel laureates named Max,
10 points each.
a. Born in Breslau, Poland, he studied the properties of crystals and originally
coined the term "quantum menchanics" based on his work in quantum theory.
ANSWER: Max Born
b. In his doctoral dissertation, he asserted the second law of thermodynamics was
not absolute, but rather based on statistical measurements.
ANSWER: Max Planck
c. The development of x-ray diffraction technique in 1912 and the application of special
relativity to optics can be attributed to this man.
ANSWER: Max von Laue
21. Given a description of the US rank insignia, name the non-commissioned officer
who'd wear it, 10 points each.
a. Three chevrons above one arc
ANSWER: staff sergeant
b. Three chevrons above three arcs
ANSWER: master sergeant
c. Three chevrons above three arcs with a five-pointed star between the chevrons and
ANSWER: sergeant major
22. Given a description, name these flightless birds for the stated number of points.
 The largest living bird and fastest flightless bird, it lives in bands of 10 to
50, primarily in the plains of southern and eastern Africa.
 The largest bird in the New World, it once roamed the Brazilian and Argentinean
pampas in huge flocks, though its numbers are greatly reduced because of the spread
 The third largest flightless bird, it inhabits the forests of Australia and Papua.
It has a razor sharp nail on the innermost of its three toes, which it uses as a
deadly kicking weapon.
23. Name these literary friars from brief descriptions, for the stated number of points.
 He appears in Ivanhoe
as the "holy clerk of Copmanhurst," and he appears in Robin Hood stories.
ANSWER: Friar Tuck
 The wise and kindly Franciscan friar from Romeo and Juliet
, he marries the young lovers.
ANSWER: Friar Laurence
 At the end of Book 1 of Gargantua and Pantagruel
, he is given the abbey of Thélème [TAY-lem] as reward for his bravery in the war
ANSWER: Friar John
24. Given the description, identify the strait, for the stated number of points.
 This strait divides Tasmania from Australia.
 This strait connects the Andaman Sea and the South China Sea, and runs between
the Malay peninsula and Sumatra.
ANSWER: Strait of Malacca
 This seven-mile-wide strait divides the islands of Corsica and Sardinia.
ANSWER: Strait of Bonifacio
25. Conjoin these works of arts with musicians, 10 points per part.
a. A Caravaggio painting about the summoning of a tax collector to serve Jesus and
the singer of "Girlfriend" and "Sick of Myself." ANSWER: The Calling of St. Matthew
b. A bronze chair hovering weightless in mid-air, anchored to the hands of the Four
Fathers of the Church; the former member of Genesis with solo hits such as "Shock
ANSWER: Throne of St. Peter
c. The only extant work by Antonio del Pollaiuolo [poll-AY-oh-loh], featuring the
nude body in action; and the Canadian band known for songs such as "Safety Dance"
and "Pop Goes the World."
ANSWER: The Battle of
(the) Ten Naked Men
26. Given the state, name the outgoing Senator, and his elected replacement, 15 points
a. OhioANSWER: Gov. George Voinovich
replaced Sen. John Glenn
b. ArkansasANSWER: Blanche Lambert Lincoln
replaced Sen. Dale Bumpers
27. For the stated number of points, given the German state, name its capital.
 BavariaANSWER: Munich
 Schleswig-HolsteinANSWER: Kiel
 Hessen or HesseANSWER: Wiesbaden
28. Given a description, for the stated number of points, identify these long-ruling
 The longest-reigning monarch in the Middle Eastern region, his rise to the
throne in 1952 was hastened by his lineage to the Prophet Muhammad and the Hashemite
ANSWER: King Hussein
 His decision to support Mussolini in wake of his March on Rome had far-reaching
consequences, which ultimately resulted in his 1946 abdication.
ANSWER: Victor Emmanuel III
 Elected to the throne of Norway by the Storting in 1905, he ruled for 52 years.
Known as the "Peoples King", he led the Norwegian government-in-exile during WWII.
ANSWER: Haakon VII
29. Identify these things associated with the lunatic asylum of Bedlam and its "beggar
Toms," 15 each.
a. In King Lear
, this son of Gloucester dresses as a beggar to escape his bastard brother's evil
b. As a disguise, the beggars that went by the name of "Tom o'Bedlam" began to be
replaced in the 1600s by this band of rogues who only posed as insane innocents.
ANSWER: Abram men
30. Figures from Greek mythology often came in groups of three. Five points per correct
answer, give the names of the following mythological creatures:
a. The three daughters of Zeus and Eurynome known as the Graces.
, and Thalia
b. The three daughters of Thaumes and Electra known as the Harpies.
, and Celaeno