Maryland Penn Bowl VIII:
Maryland/College Park

1. Thirty-three islands scattered across 2400 miles of the Pacific, including 8 of the 11 Line Islands, make up this island country. Other island groups in the country are the Phoenix Islands and the Gilbert Islands. FTP name this country, which will be the first to celebrate the New Year's in 2000.
ANSWER: Kiribati [kee-ree-BAHS]

2. This composer's lesser known symphonic poems include From Italy and A Hero's Life . After his first opera Guntram , his collaboration with Hugo von Hoffmannsthal led to Ariadne auf Naxos and Der Rosenkavalier. FTP, who is this composer of Till Eulenspiegel and Thus Spake Zarathustra ?
ANSWER: R ichard Strauss

3. Coming from the Latin for "rough skin," its first symptoms are skin lesions, resulting from an abnormal sensitivity to sunlight, which later becomes reddish brown, rough and scaly. Followed by GI and neurological disturbances, known as the "three Ds"--dermatitis, diarrhea, and dementia--FTP, name this disease, whose name derives from the Latin for "rough skin," which is caused by a deficiency of niacin.
ANSWER: pellagra

4. Since a crackdown on the major gangs known as triads began here last year, including the arrest of 14-K leader Broken Tooth Koi, the triads have retaliated with a wave of murders, including the Portuguese chief gambling inspector. This has Chinese leaders nervous, since this becomes their problem December 20. FTP, name this Asian territory under Portuguese control for only 11 more months.

5. Appropriately enough, in his last role he played John Bernard Books, an aging gunfighter dying of cancer who stages one last encounter so he can die in peace. Among his other roles, he played Genghis Khan in The Conquerors , which was filmed near a nuclear test site. FTP, name this man, best known as the lead in westerns such as The Shootist, Rio Bravo, The Searchers , and Big Jake.
ANSWER: John Wayne or Marion Morrison

6. On November 25, Oakland County Prosecuting Attorney David Gorcyca brought charges against this man, stemming from the September 17, 1998 death of Thomas Youk, an auto mechanic suffering from ALS. Three days earlier, a videotape from this event was aired on 60 Minutes, showing this man administering a lethal injection to Youk. FTP, name this retired pathologist, who has assisted more than 120 suicides.
ANSWER: Jack Kevorkian

7. Too upset to appear in court, he declared through his counsel that if he lost, he would retire from criticism. When the court sided with the plaintiff in the amount of one farthing, he kept his word, retiring from his Oxford professorship. FTP, name this Englishman whose attack on the paintings of James Whistler led to the most famous libel suit in art history.
ANSWER: John Ruskin

8. Among his later works were Industry and Trade and Money, Credit, and Commerce which reconciled the classical cost-of-production principle with the marginal utility principle of William Jevons. FTP, name this British economist, who introduced the concepts of the representative firm, quasi-rent, consumer's surplus and the elasticity of demand in his 1890 magnum opus, Principles of Economics.
ANSWER: Alfred Marshall

9. Presented to Nuremberg in 1526, the two panels feature four figures; inscribed quotes from their writings, translated by Luther, warn the government not to mistake human error and pretense for the will of God. In a universal sense, the four figures represent the Four Temperaments, encircling the Deity at the invisible center of this "triptych." FTP, name this Albrecht Dürer work featuring John, Paul, Peter and Mark.
ANSWER: The Four Apostles

10. Originally signed on September 26, 1815, it was eventually signed by every European ruler except the British Prince Regent, the Ottoman sultan, and the Pope, and was intended to promote the Christian principles of charity and peace in matters of state. FTP, name this loose group, hated by liberals as a symbol of conservatism, which was proposed by Czar Alexander I.
ANSWER: Holy Alliance

11. On October 25, 1998, just before halftime in the Jaguars-Broncos game, a record was tied that had stood since November 8, 1898, and the man who tied it didn't even have a special shoe. FTP, name either of these men, the current kicker for the Broncos or the former Saints kicker, who share the record for the longest field goal in NFL history at 63 yards.
ANSWER: Jason Elam or Tom Dempsey

12. This ex-Soviet cosmonaut recently tried to become the Russian head of the international space station. Citing his experience as the head of the joint Apollo-Soyuz test project in 1975, he claimed he was perfect for the job. FTP, name this explorer, copilot of Voskhod 2 and the first man to walk in space.
ANSWER: Alexei Arkhipovich Leonov

13. A dynamic and attractive woman, she retained the loyalty of her followers despite her third marriage ending in divorce, a sensational five-week disappearance in 1926, and various unproven charges against her. After her death from a barbiturate overdose, her son Rolf succeeded her as head of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel. FTP, name this controversial Pentecostal evangelist and early radio preacher.
ANSWER: Aimee Semple McPherson

14. He wrote "On the Knocking on the Gate in Macbeth." His black humor influenced both Baudelaire and Poe, and his acquaintance with Wordsworth and Coleridge established him as a leader of the prose Romantic movement. His Suspiria de Profundis and The English Mail Coach analyzed the importance of childhood sufferings in dreams before Freud was born. FTP, name this author of the memoir Confessions of an English Opium-Eater.
ANSWER: Thomas De Quincey

15. Born in 1942, this director had a 1992 stint as Larry's agent on The Larry Sanders Show. Better known for movies like Diner and Good Morning Vietnam , he featured his hometown of Baltimore in his 1990 movie Avalon. FTP, name this director of Rain Man , Wag the Dog , and Homicide: Life on the Streets.
ANSWER: Barry Levinson

16. It rises as the Krokodil River, and from its source, it is later joined by the Marico River and is thereafter known by this name. It flows in a semicircular course first northeast and then east for about 1,000 miles to the Indian Ocean and forms about 250 miles of the border between the Transvaal and Zimbabwe. FTP, name this African river that Rudyard Kipling described as "greasy."
ANSWER: Limpopo River

17. In Aristotle's Constitution of Athens , the constitution ascribed to this man is a fabrication. What is true, however, is that he promulgated what may have been the first comprehensive Athenian law code, although only a few years later Solon repealed all but the laws dealing with murder. FTP, name this man, who around 621 B.C. established a law code that punished both trivial and serious crimes in Athens with death.
ANSWER: Draco or Dracon

18. In cosmology, his principle states that the inertia of an object results from a relationship of that object with the rest of the matter of the universe. In the 1870s, he conducted classic studies in experimental psychology on the perceptions of bodily rotation. FTP, name this physicist whose name is tied to the number relating the speed of an aircraft to the local speed of sound.
ANSWER: Ernst Mach

19. In electrochemistry, Gibbs free energy can measure the spontaneity of a reaction from delta G = -nFE , where n is the number of electrons transferred, F is Faraday's constant, and E the electromotive force. E can be derived from, FTP, what equation named for the 1920 Nobel Prize winner in Chemistry, that relates E to the concentrations of a solution's components?
ANSWER: Nernst equation

20. The most famous episode of this work is the allegory of Cupid and Psyche. It takes the form of the supposed autobiography of Lucius, who is transformed by the mistake of the servant of an enchantress. He passes from master to master, observing vices and follies of men, and finally recovers human form by the intervention of the goddess Isis. FTP, name this satire of the second century A.D. written by Lucius Apuleius.
ANSWER: The Golden Ass or Metamorphoses

21. He was called the "thousand-eyed," because of the thousand marks on his body resembling eyes, the result of a curse by a sage whose wife he seduced. His allies include the Maruts, young men who ride the clouds and make rain; the Asvins, twin horsemen; and Vishnu, who later evolved into one of the three chief Hindu gods. FTP, name this chief Vedic god of India, later a mere regent of the heavens, and the god of rain.

22. After studying briefly in Italy, he was employed as a painter at the court of Christian IV of Denmark. His first known design was the New Exchange in the Strand, London; he followed that up with buildings such as the Queen's House in Greenwich, the Banqueting House at Whitehall and the Queen's Chapel at St. James's Palace. FTP, name this British architect who planned London's first "square" at Convent Garden.
ANSWER: Inigo Jones

23. Originated by Tisi degli Odassi, this type of verse was popularized by Folengo in the 15th century. During the Revolutionary War, the Maryland regiment was called by this name, and a London-based club with that name around the same time was cursed repeatedly by their drinking, gambling, and dueling. FTP, give this common name today that is paired by Kraft with cheese.
ANSWER: macaroni

24. In writing for the majority, Justice Black began with the premise that "all legal restrictions which curtail the civil rights of a single racial group are immediately suspect." In this 1944 case, however, the Court held that wartime necessity justified the conclusion that "exclusion of the whole group [was] a military imperative." FTP, name this case which upheld exclusion of Japanese-Americans from the West Coast.
ANSWER: Korematsu v. United States

25. They comprise 20 species of family Sphyraenidae . Found in all warm and tropical regions, some range into more temperate areas. Swift and powerful, they are slender, with small scales, two well-separated dorsal fins, a jutting lower jaw and a large mouth with many small teeth. Ranging from 4 to 6 feet long, FTP, name this predatory fish, which normally consume other fish, but sometimes go after swimmers too.
ANSWER: barracuda

26. It existed in various countries, including France and Germany, but was most highly developed in England, where it was first mentioned in 1100. Derived from the Latin for "shield," it was first levied on ecclesiastical tenants in chief who couldn't meet their quota of knights for the king's army. It soon became a general tax on knights' estates, standardized by 1300. FTP, name these feudal payments made in lieu of service.
ANSWER: scutage [accept shield money before "Latin"]

27. His first work, published while he was still a student, was a novella Shiiku which told the story of the friendship between a Japanese boy and a black American POW. His early works featured themes of madness, abuse, perverse sex and violence. His fiction explores Japanese feelings of betrayal, dislocation and alienation following Japan's surrender in World War II. FTP, name this winner of the 1994 Nobel Prize in Literature.
ANSWER: Kenzaburo Oe

28. He laid the cornerstone for the Basilica of the Assumption, which was the first Roman Catholic cathedral in the United States. A founder of Georgetown University, he was born in Upper Marlboro, Maryland, and his cousin Charles signed the Declaration of Independence. FTP, name this first US Roman Catholic bishop.
ANSWER: John Carroll

29. The title object is a bottle of ordinary Bordeaux wine, which is purchased from the quack Doctor Dulcamara by Nemorino, who is attempting to win the love of Adina. Adina is won, however, not by some magic potion, but by Nemorino enlisting in the army to purchase a second bottle to win her love. FTP, name this 1832 two-act opera by Gaetano Donizetti.
ANSWER: The Elixir of Love or L'Elisir D'Amore

30. Moving to Athens c. 480 BC, he brought from Ionia the spirit of scientific inquiry. Thirty years later, though, he was prosecuted for impiety, asserting the sun is an incandescent stone. FTP, name this Greek naturalist philosopher, known for his discovery of the true cause of eclipses, and the concept of nus , or mind.
ANSWER: Anaxagoras

Penn Bowl VIII:
Maryland/College Park

1. For the stated number of points, given a work, name the sculptor.
[10] The Man with the Broken Nose ANSWER: Auguste Rodin
[5] Bird in Space ANSWER: Constantin Brancusi
[10] Seated Woman , or Mediterranée ANSWER: Aristide Maillol

2. 30-20-10. Name the astronomical objects.
[30] Their existence was assumed in Gulliver's Travels and Voltaire's Micromegas , perhaps because their existence was predicted, without evidence, by Johannes Kepler in 1610.
[20] One has a period of revolution of 7 hours 39 minutes, and is an elongated body about 14 miles long. The other has a period of revolution of 30 hours 18 minutes, and is 5 miles in diameter.
[10] Discovered by Asaph Hall in 1877, they were named for the horses of the Greek war god Ares.
ANSWER: Deimos and Phobos [accept moons of Mars for 20 or 30]

3. Given the song, for the stated number of points, name the band or artist who reached the charts in 1983 with that single.
[5] "Making Love Out of Nothing at All"ANSWER: Air Supply
[10] "Total Eclipse of the Heart"ANSWER: Bonnie Tyler
[10] "True"ANSWER: Spandau Ballet

4. 30-20-10. Name the incident.
[30] In total, eleven people died--seven policeman and four bystanders. Four of the leaders were hanged, and one committed suicide.
[20] The remaining three anarchists convicted for inciting violence in this explosion were pardoned eight years later by John Altgeld, governor of Illinois.
[10] This 1886 event was used by advocates of organized labor to discredit the waning Knights of Labor.
ANSWER: Haymarket Square Riot

5. For the stated number of points, given the original name, name the Communist.
[5] Josip Broz ANSWER: Marshall Tito
[10] Lev Davidovich Bronstein ANSWER: Leon Trotsky
[10] Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich Skryabin ANSWER: Vyachslav Molotov

6. Identify the composers of these dances, 10 points each.
a. "Ritual Fire Dance" ANSWER: Manuel de Falla
b. "Polovtsian Dances" ANSWER: Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin
c. Medea's Dance of Vengeance ANSWER: Samuel Barber

7. Identify these acid-base indicators from brief descriptions, 10 points each.
a. Widely used in the titration of a weak acid with a strong base, this indicator will change from colorless to pink around a pH of 9.5.
ANSWER: phenolphthalein
b. With a pH color change between 1.2 and 2.8, this misnomer will actually change from yellow to red in a strongly acidic solution.
ANSWER: thymol blue

8. Name these "golden" works, for the stated number of points.
[10] Considered Henry James' most problematic work, its characters include Charlotte Stant, Magie Verver, and impoverished Prince Amerigo.
ANSWER: The Golden Bowl
[15] Banned during the Ch'ing dynasty because of its explicit eroticism, this long novel written during the late Ming dynasty deals with the lives of Hsi-men Ching and his six wives.
ANSWER: The Golden Lotus or Chin p'ing mei

9. Given the description, name the type of schizophrenia, for the stated number of points.
[10] It is characterized by striking motor behavior--the patient may remain in a state of almost complete immobility, interrupted by episodes of excessive motor activity.
ANSWER: catatonic schizophrenia
[15] It is characterized mainly by shallow and inappropriate emotional responses, foolish or bizarre behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.
ANSWER: hebephrenic schizophrenia

10. Ten points each, given a building, name the 20th century architect.
a. Carson Pirie Scott & Company department store, Chicago
ANSWER: Louis Sullivan
b. Notre-Dame-du-Haut at Ronchamp
ANSWER: Le Corbusier or Charles Edouard Jeanneret

11. Name these members of the Hudson River School from works, 10 points each.
a. Kindred Spirits ANSWER: Asher B. Durand
b. The Course of Empire ANSWER: Thomas Cole
c. Farmstead in the Valley, Mountain Lake with a Man Fishing ANSWER: Thomas Doughty

12. The ineptitude of the French army is legion. Name these bad French commanders, 15 points each.
a. He succeeded Ferdinand Foch as commander-in-chief of the French army, and immediately planned a grand offensive, which resulted in the disastrous Second Battle of the Aisne [ayn]
ANSWER: Georges Nivelle
b. Though accompanied by Emperor Napoleon III, he was evidently uninspired; this Frenchman of Scot ancestry commanded the French army captured at Sedan during the Franco-Prussian War. ANSWER: Marie-Edme-Patrice-Maurice, comte de MacMahon , duc de Magenta

13. In the early 1600s, a group of poets followed Ben Jonson's lead. Name these "sons of Ben," 10 each.
a. He was a country vicar in Devonshire until 1647, when he was ejected by Puritans for his royalist principles. He penned the line "Gather ye rosebuds while ye may."
ANSWER: Robert Herrick
b. Known for his grace, handsome appearance and aristocratic gallantry, he was twice imprisoned for his passionate Royalism. He wrote "To Althea, from Prison."
ANSWER: Richard Lovelace
c. The first Cavalier poet, this courtier of Charles I wrote numerous songs and light love lyrics such as "Ask Me No More Where Jove Bestows" and "Mediocrity in Love Rejected."
ANSWER: Thomas Carew

14. Ten points each, given the description, name the form of Buddhism.
a. Brought to Japan in the late Heian and early Kamakura periods, it emphasizes meditation and physical work as a means to enlightenment, or satori .
ANSWER: Zen Buddhism
b. Meaning "lesser vehicle" in Sanskrit, these are the more orthodox, conservative forms of Buddhism.
ANSWER: Hinayana Buddhism
c. As opposed to the Hinayana, this is the "greater vehicle" of Buddhist tradition.
ANSWER: Mahayana Buddhism

15. 1998 was a bad year for world leaders, who fell by the wayside in droves. Given a description, name these former heads of state for the stated number of points.
[5] He held power from 1982 until his defeat in September of 1998 by Gerhard Schroeder.
ANSWER: Helmut Kohl
[10] After his government collapsed in early October, he was replaced as Prime Minister by Massimo D'Alema, after leading Italy for longer than all but one leader since World War II.
ANSWER: Romano Prodi
[15] On November 25, this conservative Turkish Prime Minister was ousted after losing a no-confidence vote over corruption allegations.
ANSWER: Mesut Yilmaz

16. Given the quote and its author, name the Supreme Court case, for the stated number of points.
[5] Chief Justice Marshall stated "the power to tax involves the power to destroy."
ANSWER: McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
[10] Chief Justice Marshall wrote, "A law repugnant to the [C]onstitution is void; and that courts, as well as other departments, are bound by that instrument."
ANSWER: Marbury v. Madison (1803)
[15] Justice Holmes wrote, "Three generations of imbeciles are enough."
ANSWER: Buck vs. Bell

17. Given the description of the preserved body part, name the famous person, 10 points each.
a. After her beheading in 1536, her heart was stolen and secretly hidden in a church; rediscovered in 1836, it was reburied under the organ.
ANSWER: Anne Boleyn
b. After his 1618 death, his wife Elizabeth Throgmorton had his body buried but his head embalmed and placed in a red leather bag.
ANSWER: Sir Walter Raleigh
c. During the French Revolution, the tomb of this king was plundered. At dinner one night, Rev. William Buckland ate the embalmed heart.
ANSWER: King Louis XIV

18. Ten points each, name the alcoholic beverage.
a. It is named after the blind Benedictine monk who invented the first true sparkling champagne.
ANSWER: Dom Perignon
b. Allegedly invented in 1789 by a Baptist preacher, Elijah Craig, it's named after his home county in Kentucky.
ANSWER: bourbon
c. A mixture of gin, sweet vermouth and bitters, it was first served at a dinner in honor of Gov. Samuel J. Tilden.
ANSWER: Manhattan

19. For the stated number of points, given the pen name, give the real name.
[5] Voltaire ANSWER: Francois-Marie Arouet
[10] Stendhal ANSWER: Marie-Henri Bayle
[15] Sax Rohmer ANSWER: Arthur Sarsfield Ward

20. This bonus ain't on Maxwell's equations. Name these Nobel laureates named Max, 10 points each.
a. Born in Breslau, Poland, he studied the properties of crystals and originally coined the term "quantum menchanics" based on his work in quantum theory.
ANSWER: Max Born
b. In his doctoral dissertation, he asserted the second law of thermodynamics was not absolute, but rather based on statistical measurements.
ANSWER: Max Planck
c. The development of x-ray diffraction technique in 1912 and the application of special relativity to optics can be attributed to this man.
ANSWER: Max von Laue

21. Given a description of the US rank insignia, name the non-commissioned officer who'd wear it, 10 points each.
a. Three chevrons above one arc
ANSWER: staff sergeant
b. Three chevrons above three arcs
ANSWER: master sergeant
c. Three chevrons above three arcs with a five-pointed star between the chevrons and arcs
ANSWER: sergeant major

22. Given a description, name these flightless birds for the stated number of points.
[5] The largest living bird and fastest flightless bird, it lives in bands of 10 to 50, primarily in the plains of southern and eastern Africa.
ANSWER: ostrich
[10] The largest bird in the New World, it once roamed the Brazilian and Argentinean pampas in huge flocks, though its numbers are greatly reduced because of the spread of agriculture.
ANSWER: rhea
[15] The third largest flightless bird, it inhabits the forests of Australia and Papua. It has a razor sharp nail on the innermost of its three toes, which it uses as a deadly kicking weapon.
ANSWER: cassowary

23. Name these literary friars from brief descriptions, for the stated number of points.
[5] He appears in Ivanhoe as the "holy clerk of Copmanhurst," and he appears in Robin Hood stories.
ANSWER: Friar Tuck
[10] The wise and kindly Franciscan friar from Romeo and Juliet , he marries the young lovers.
ANSWER: Friar Laurence
[15] At the end of Book 1 of Gargantua and Pantagruel , he is given the abbey of Thélème [TAY-lem] as reward for his bravery in the war against Picrochole.
ANSWER: Friar John

24. Given the description, identify the strait, for the stated number of points.
[5] This strait divides Tasmania from Australia.
ANSWER: Bass Strait
[10] This strait connects the Andaman Sea and the South China Sea, and runs between the Malay peninsula and Sumatra.
ANSWER: Strait of Malacca
[15] This seven-mile-wide strait divides the islands of Corsica and Sardinia.
ANSWER: Strait of Bonifacio

25. Conjoin these works of arts with musicians, 10 points per part.
a. A Caravaggio painting about the summoning of a tax collector to serve Jesus and the singer of "Girlfriend" and "Sick of Myself." ANSWER: The Calling of St. Matthew Sweet
b. A bronze chair hovering weightless in mid-air, anchored to the hands of the Four Fathers of the Church; the former member of Genesis with solo hits such as "Shock the Monkey."
ANSWER: Throne of St. Peter Gabriel
c. The only extant work by Antonio del Pollaiuolo [poll-AY-oh-loh], featuring the nude body in action; and the Canadian band known for songs such as "Safety Dance" and "Pop Goes the World."
ANSWER: The Battle of (the) Ten Naked Men Without Hats

26. Given the state, name the outgoing Senator, and his elected replacement, 15 points per pair.
a. OhioANSWER: Gov. George Voinovich replaced Sen. John Glenn
b. ArkansasANSWER: Blanche Lambert Lincoln replaced Sen. Dale Bumpers

27. For the stated number of points, given the German state, name its capital.
[5] BavariaANSWER: Munich or München
[10] Schleswig-HolsteinANSWER: Kiel
[15] Hessen or HesseANSWER: Wiesbaden

28. Given a description, for the stated number of points, identify these long-ruling monarchs.
[5] The longest-reigning monarch in the Middle Eastern region, his rise to the throne in 1952 was hastened by his lineage to the Prophet Muhammad and the Hashemite Dynasty.
ANSWER: King Hussein of Jordan
[10] His decision to support Mussolini in wake of his March on Rome had far-reaching consequences, which ultimately resulted in his 1946 abdication.
ANSWER: Victor Emmanuel III
[15] Elected to the throne of Norway by the Storting in 1905, he ruled for 52 years. Known as the "Peoples King", he led the Norwegian government-in-exile during WWII.

29. Identify these things associated with the lunatic asylum of Bedlam and its "beggar Toms," 15 each.
a. In King Lear , this son of Gloucester dresses as a beggar to escape his bastard brother's evil plots.
b. As a disguise, the beggars that went by the name of "Tom o'Bedlam" began to be replaced in the 1600s by this band of rogues who only posed as insane innocents.
ANSWER: Abram men

30. Figures from Greek mythology often came in groups of three. Five points per correct answer, give the names of the following mythological creatures:
a. The three daughters of Zeus and Eurynome known as the Graces.
ANSWER: Aglaia , Euphrosyne , and Thalia
b. The three daughters of Thaumes and Electra known as the Harpies.
ANSWER: Aello (or Nicothoe ), Ocypete , and Celaeno