Johns Hopkins University A & B
Johns Hopkins A & B
Penn Bowl VIII:
ROUND 11 TOSSUPS
Johns Hopkins A & B
1. He was born in 1761 and joined the Royal Artillery in 1779. In the 1804 attack
on Surinam a warfare device he invented was first used with devastating effect. FTP,
what British artillery officer thus lent his name to the metal fragments given off
by exploding projectile shells still in use today?
ANSWER: Henry Shrapnel
2. The stories were first submitted to the publisher Grant Richards in 1905, and consisted
of three stories of childhood, three of adolescence, three of mature life, and three
on public life. "Two Gallants" and "A Little Cloud" were completed in 1906, but the manuscript was rejected and wasn't published until 1914. FTP, name this collection
including "The Sisters", "Counterparts", and "The Dead", written by James Joyce.
3. Frequently used to model the number of random occurrences happening in a specified
amount of time, such as the number of phone calls an operator receives in a given
period, its results are most accurate when the number of samples is large but the
probability of a random event is low. The product is then signified by a single parameter
designated mu or lambda. FTP, name this distribution named for a French mathematician.
distribution or Poisson Law of Large Numbers
4. He imposed a universal tax system, halted inflation by coin reform, and ordered
a nasty persecution of the Christians in year 20 of his reign. Born in Dalmatia in
245, he rose through the army to command the emperor's bodyguard. Chosen by his fellow
soldiers to succeed Numerian as emperor, he divided Rome into four administrative districts.
FTP, name this man who retired from politics in 305 to his palace in Salona.
(Caius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus)
5. This title has appeared on works by David Hubbard, Kirk Nelson, and Andrew Collins,
among others. A version by Sam Smith is subtitled "The Strange Odyssey of Michael
Jordan from Courtside to Home Plate and Back Again." The most famous use of this
title is for a poem that inspired the title of Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart
. FTP, name this William Butler Yeats poem, another name for the future return of
ANSWER: "The Second Coming
6. A 260 page report by John Rabe was uncovered by Iris Chang while doing research
for a book, over 50 years after it was submitted to Hitler. A German businessman
and Nazi, Rabe chronicled this 1937 event which has been denied by many right-wing
Japanese politicians. FTP, name the occupation during which between 100,000 and 300,000 people
died in what was then the capital of China.
ANSWER: Rape of Nanking
or Nanjing Massacre
7. Discovered in 1887 by Heinrich Hertz, he observed that UV light changes the lowest
voltage at which sparking takes place between metallic electrodes. Ralph Fowler showed
how it was affected by temperature, and Auger showed that high-energy gamma rays
could liberate inner shell electrons whose ejection resulted in the emission of a second
electron. FTP, name this effect explained by Albert Einstein.
8. The first non-Huang Ho valley province to be settled by the Chinese, it was first
annexed by China during the Ch'in dynasty. It had a stint as the center of the independent
Shu kingdom, and was home to Bertolt Brecht's Good Woman
. During the Sino-Japanese war, Chungking here became the temporary capital for China's
Nationalists. FTP, name this most populous of China's provinces, noted for its spicy
9. The starting compound for the Kolbe reaction, it dissolves in aqueous sodium hydroxide
but not in aqueous sodium bicarbonate. Adding a mixture of sulfuric acid and nitric
acid to it will produce picric acid. Used in conjunction with chloroform in DNA extractions, dilute solutions can be useful as an antiseptic but stronger solutions
are caustic and cause tissue scarring. FTP, name this simplest of the aromatic alcohols.
or carbolic acid
[prompt on "hydroxybenzene"]
10. The son of Ea and Damkina, his great weapon is the Deluge, his chariot is the
Storm Demon, and his temple is named Esagila. After the other gods agree to his becoming
their supreme leader, he fights and kills his grandmother, Tiamat. FTP, name this
chief god of Babylon.
11. Sixteen years after first hitting the radio airwaves, this couple is described
as going to the movies to see Richard Pryor, in "Eden Is Burning". In the original,
self-titled song, one of them wants to be a football star, as well as trying to do
his best "James Dean." He also says "Life goes on, long after the thrill of living is gone".
FTP, name these two kids growin' up in the heartland, named in a "little ditty" by
ANSWER: Jack and Diane
12. Many believe Paracelsus, a Swiss alchemist, founded it, though Account of the Brotherhood
chronicles the life and journeys of a man allegedly born in 1378 who lived for 106
years. Said to have acquired secret wisdom on trips to Egypt, Damascus and Fes, he
imparted it to three others after his return to Germany. FTP, name this fraternal
order devoted to the pursuit of esoteric wisdom, named for Christian Rosenkreunz.
ism or Order of the Rose and the Cross
13. A radioactive form of this molecule is frequently used to track the movement of
mRNA from the nucleus to the ribosome. Its fluorinated form is an anti-tumor agent,
while its triphosphate form acts as a coenzyme in the synthesis of sucrose. FTP,
name this nucleotide which binds to adenine in RNA instead of thymine.
14. His achievements include three radio documentaries, The Idea of North
, The Latecomers,
and The Quited in the Land
, which display his fascination with recording techniques. He gave up public performances
in 1964; his catalog of recordings includes William Byrd, Arnold Schoenberg, and
So You Want to Write a Fugue
. FTP, name this Canadian pianist, known for his performance of the Goldberg Variations
, the subject of 32 Short Films.
ANSWER: Glenn Gould
15. This studio got its first Oscar nomination for the short Luxo Jr.
. It won its 11th Oscar for Geri's Game
, which has an old man playing chess against himself. Its current CEO purchased it
in 1986 from Lucasfilm. FTP, what company headed by Steve Jobs revolutionized computer
animation with Toy Story
and A Bug's Life?
16. Her adopted mother, a distant relative of Sir Arthur Sullivan, discovered her
musical talent. Her roles have included the Countess in The Marriage of Figaro
, Rosalinde in Die Fledermaus
, Desdemona in Otello
, as well as the title role in Arabella
. She was made a Dame Commander in 1982, the year after her performance at Prince
Charles' wedding. FTP, name this New Zealand-born operatic soprano.
ANSWER: Dame Kiri Te Kanawa
17. Timothy Dwight, Lemuel Hopkins, and David Humphries were among its members. Most,
but not all, were Yale men; except for Joel Barlow, they were all Federalists and
Calvinists. They attacked such things as French philosophy, paper money, and Shay's
Rebellion in their collective publication The Anarchiad
which appeared in 1786. Name this group of American poets that also included Richard
Alsop and John Trumbull.
ANSWER: the Hartford Wits
18. Its title is the Greek form of the Hebrew word Koheleth
, or "preacher." The author passes as Solomon but the book is known to have been written
between 350 and 250 BC. The author rejects religious and ethical theories because
they are contradicted by experience and the few religious consolations are offered
by a pious commentator. FTP, name this book following Proverbs which inspired the song
"Turn, Turn, Turn."
19. He studied in Paris with Jacques-Louis David, then moved to New Orleans, where
he earned an income doing portraits and teaching drawing. Born in Haiti, his greatest
work, a portfolio of over 400 color engravings, remains an unsurpassed model of nature
study, except that many of the subjects ended up dead. FTP, name this author of The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America, Ornithological Biography,
and Birds of America.
ANSWER: John James Audobon
20. She was turned into a lion by the goddess Rhea, who yoked her to her car. This
was the fate foretold by the fortune that told her not to marry, for marriage would
be her ruin. Daughter of Iasius, king of Arcadia, she wounded the Calydonian boar;
Meleager gave her its hide as a reward. FTP, name this maiden who promised to marry any
suitor that could outrun her in a footrace, who was done in by her greed.
21. Incorporated as a town in 1891, it grew as an outfitting point for prospectors
after gold was found in the Yukon. Nicknamed "The Gateway to the North", it's the
northernmost provincial capital in Canada. Its attractions include the John Walter
site, Commonwealth stadium, home to the CFL Eskimos, and the largest shopping mall in North
America. FTP, name this former home of Wayne Gretzky, the capital of Alberta.
22. Illegitimate son of the viceroy of Peru and Isabel Riquelme, a prominent lady
of Chillán, he spent his early life in England and Spain. There he was greatly influenced
by Francisco Miranda, a Venezuelan champion of independence. In 1802, he returned
to South America, and became commander of the patriot army of Jose Miguel Carrera in
1813. FTP, name this revolutionary leader who helped free Chile.
ANSWER: Bernardo O'Higgins
23. Born Antonio Allegri in 1489, he is considered a link from Renaissance to Baroque
painting. He produced his first known work in 1514, Madonna of St. Francis.
In the next few years he frescoed the ceiling of the Church of San Giovanni Evangelista
in Parma. Two of his most famous religious paintings are commonly known as Day
. FTP, name this painter of The Loves of Jupiter
and The Mystic Marriages of St. Catherine.
24. Though the steam engine became a necessity during the English Industrial Revolution,
it did not catch on quickly. One of the first industrialists to recognize its potential
used it in an industry not generally considered as heavy industry. FTP, name this 18th century craftsman and potter, the designer of dinnerware for the royal family, who
used his factory to mass-produce affordable yet attractive crockery for the English
ANSWER: Josiah Wedgewood
25. The first overall pick in the 1985 NHL entry draft, he scored 30 goals in each
of his first two seasons. A multitude of injuries, including a chronic back problem,
limited his playing time over the next six seasons, but he still managed to score
46 goals during the 1993-94 season while leading his team to the Campbell Conference finals.
Now playing for Tampa Bay, FTP, name this former Toronto Maple Leaf captain.
ANSWER: Wendel Clark
26. He started off as a "tea boy," serving cups of hot tea to staff at the London
bureau of Life
magazine. Snapping pictures of British dignitaries, he was later offered a post as
photographer. Over 20 years in the Congo, the Middle East and Vietnam, he established
his reputation as a preeminent war photographer. FTP, name this winner of the Robert
Capa Gold Medal, who died in a 1967 helicopter crash in Laos.
ANSWER: Larry Burrows
27. Born in New York City in 1926, this free market advocate, educated at New York
University, headed Gerald Ford's Council of Economic Advisors from 1974 to 1977.
He warned against high federal deficits and believed the economic health of the US
would be in peril without cooperation of the legislative and executive branches. FTP, name
this man who on August 6, 1987 became chairman of the Federal Reserve Board.
ANSWER: Alan Greenspan
28. He returned home in May 1996, nearly 50 years after his exile at age 9. He moved
to Madrid with his mother, Ioanna, where he married a Spanish heiress and for 13
years ran the Spanish subsidiary of a French electronics firm. In December 1998,
the country's chief prosecutor, Ivan Tatarchev, raised the possibility that the 1946 vote to
abolish the monarchy was illegitimate. FTP, name this exiled ruler of Bulgaria.
ANSWER: Simeon II
29. In 1990, this Progressive Conservative, angry with the Meech Lake accord, formed
an independent party with 6 other MPs. When they won 54 seats in the 1993 federal
election, he became leader of the opposition. FTP, a year later he was diagnosed
with necrotizing myositis, which resulted in the amputation of a leg. FTP, name this founder
of the Bloc Québécois [kay-bay-kwah], recently re-elected premier of Québec.
ANSWER: Lucien Bouchard
Penn Bowl VIII:
ROUND 11 BONI
Johns Hopkins A & B
1. 30-20-10. Name the artist from works.
 Family of Charles IV, The Caprices
 The Naked Maja, The Clothed Maja
 Disasters of War, Third of May, 1808
ANSWER: Francisco Goya
25 POINT BONUS
2. Can you name these science terms, for the stated number of points? Hint: be specific.
 The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance
1 degree Celsius.
ANSWER: specific heat
 The ratio of the density of a substance to that of a standard substance.
ANSWER: specific gravity
 The thrust produced per unit rate of consumption of a propellant, it's a measure
of a rocket's efficiency.
ANSWER: specific impulse
20 POINT BONUS
3. Ten points each, name these Negro League players.
a. Billed as the World's Greatest Pitcher, he won over 2,000 games, with over 40 no-hitters.
ANSWER: Satchel Paige
b. One of the fastest players ever, he stole 175 bases in under 200 games. He once
circled the bases in an astonishing 12 seconds.
ANSWER: Cool Papa Bell
4. Answer these questions about Yahoo!, 10 points each.
a. All or nothing, what does Yahoo! stand for?
ANSWER: Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle
b. Yahoo! was a collaboration between David Filo and Jerry Yang, who were at the time
grad students at what university.
ANSWER: The Leland Stanford
, Jr. University
c. A third grad student at Stanford, Larry Augustin, left his friends to start VA
Research, a company which builds workstations powered by this operating system.
5. Ten points each, name the creators of these influential abolitionist newspapers.
a. The North Star
ANSWER: Frederick Douglass
b. The Liberator
ANSWER: William Lloyd Garrison
c. The Genius of Universal Emancipation
ANSWER: Benjamin Lundy
6. On January 1, the euro came into being. Answer these questions, 10 each.
a. This is the number of nations that have adopted the Euro as of the beginning of
b. This is the target date for active circulation of Euro notes and coins in all 11
ANSWER: January 1, 2002
c. When currency markets opened on January 1, within 3 cents, how much was one euro
20 POINT BONUS
7. Ten points each, name these economists.
a. Along with Malthus, he helped make economics the "dismal science". He argued for
a "labor theory of value".
ANSWER: David Ricardo
b. Born in Moravia, this leader in econometrics, then a newly created branch of theory,
authored Theory of Economic Development
ANSWER: Joseph Schumpeter
8. 30-20-10. Name the ancient city from clues.
 Its name means place of the rock and the nopal, and legend has it that the city
was founded on the site where an eagle perched on a nopal cactus growing from a rock.
 Its chief temple platform was dedicated to the gods Tlaloc and Huizilopochtli
 The city was built on Lake Texcoco, the site of which is now Mexico City.
9. Name the following Canadian authors from works on a 15-5 basis.
a. Surfacing, Bodily Harm
 The Handmaid's Tale
ANSWER: Margaret Atwood
b. Murther, Walking Spirits
 Fifth Business
ANSWER: Robertson Davies
25 POINT BONUS
10. Answer these questions related to the citric acid cycle, for the stated number
 Succinate dehydrogenase converts succinate to this molecule, forming a molecule
or malic acid
 The energy to form the FADH2 comes from this stabilization of malate's delocalized _ electrons.
[do not accept or prompt on "aromaticity"]
11. 30-20-10. Name the dramatist from works.
 The plays The Dance of Death
, Lucky Peter's Travels.
 The novel The Red Room
, and the plays Creditor
and Master Olof
 This Swedish dramatist also wrote the play Miss Julie
ANSWER: August Strindberg
12. Identify these relations of King Arthur, 10 points each.
a. He was Arthur's father.
b. Arthur's mother, Uther tricked her by having Merlin make him look like her husband.
ANSWER: Lady Ygraine
c. Lady Ygraine's husband, he was killed in a war Uther started so he could lay his
hands on Ygraine.
ANSWER: Duke Gorlois
13. Answer these questions about Angola for the stated number of points. [2x10] Name
the two factions that fought the Angolan civil war.
or Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola
or National Union for the Total Independence of Angola
 The long-standing presence of troops from this country was instrumental to the
MPLA's victory. ANSWER: Cuba
14. Given characters from an opera, name the opera for 10, and the composer for 5
a. Count Monterone, Gilda, and the bandit Sparafucile [spa-rah-FOO-see-lay].
 by Giuseppe Verdi
b. A British officer named Gerald, and the Brahman priest named Nilakantha
 by Leo Délibes
15. The six counties that surround the city of London are called the "Home Counties".
Five points each, name them.
16. The center of medieval life, art, and architecture was the church. Name these
parts of a church, 10 each.
a. The vaulted, semicircular, or semi-polygonal wall recess of a hall, such as on
the sanctuary end.
b. A processional passageway around a shrine, or flanking the apse.
c. A lateral division of the church parallel to the main central space of the nave,
separated by arches.
17. Ten points each, identify the body of water which borders the city.
a. Chennai, India ANSWER: Bay of Bengal
b. Duluth, Minnesota ANSWER: Lake Superior
c. Bujumbura, Burundi ANSWER: Lake Tanganyika
18. How are you at juggling the books? Ten points each, expand these accounting acronyms.
a. FIFOANSWER: First in, first out
b. GAAP [spell out]ANSWER: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
c. MACRS [spell out]ANSWER: Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System
20 POINT BONUS
19. Given the Renaissance painting, name the artist who painted it, 10 points each.
ANSWER: Sandro Botticelli
b. The Seven Sorrows of the Virgin
ANSWER: Albrecht Dürer
20. Name these Hugo Award winning books from a brief plot summary, 10 points each.
a. Andrew Wiggin goes to Battle School. Eventually, he meets Mazer Rackhem and defeats
ANSWER: Ender's Game
[prompt on "Ender's War
b. Louis Wu, Speaker-to-Animals, Teela Brown and the Puppeteer Nessus journey to a
strange world, which they proceed to explore.
c. Case was the best interface cowboy who ever ran in Earth's computer matrix. Then
he double crossed the wrong people.
21. Ten points each, name the President from a brief description of his misfortune.
a. A stroke paralyzed his left arm and leg a year and half before he was to leave
ANSWER: Woodrow Wilson
b. He suffered a heart attack thirty-two months into his first term, but was re-elected.
ANSWER: Dwight D. Eisenhower
c. Before his inauguration, his bodyguard, Thomas Hick, in conspiracy with the Governor
of New York and the Mayor of New York City, tried to kidnap him. Hick was hanged
before 20,000 spectators.
ANSWER: George Washington
22. Four natural isotopes have odd numbers of both protons and neutrons. Five points
each for the element and mass number.
a. It's the most abundant isotope in the earth's atmosphere.
b. This isotope forms a compound that moderates neutrons in nuclear reactions. It
was discovered by Harold Urey.
c. This isotope is one of two used to make nuclear control rods and shields.
23. Answer these questions about men's tennis for the stated number of points.
 This player finished 1998 as the #1 player in the world for the sixth straight
ANSWER: Pete(r) Sampras
 Sampras is still one Grand Slam title short of tying this man for the most by
a male tennis player.
ANSWER: Roy Emerson
 The biggest challenge to Sampras' top ranking came from this Chilean, who reached
number one twice last year, without ever winning a Grand Slam tournament.
ANSWER: Marcelo Rios
24. Answer these questions about coffee commercials, for the stated number of points.
 This brand of coffee was advertised in the US by Sharon and Michael's romance
ANSWER: Taster's Choice
 In 1993, this novelization of the commercial serial was published. It takes its
name from the British name for Taster's Choice.
ANSWER: Love over Gold
 This mystery writer of King of Hearts, Death Takes a Hand,
and Grand Slam
penned Love over Gold.
ANSWER: Susan Moody
or Susannah James
25. Answer these questions about phase equilibrium for the stated number of points.
 This is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid equals the atmospheric
ANSWER: boiling point
 For a pure fluid at constant temperature and pressure, this energy must be equal
in both the gas and liquid phases for phase equilibrium to occur.
ANSWER: Gibbs' free energy
[prompt on G
 Related to Gibbs free energy, this quantity must also be equal in both the gas
and liquid phases at equilibrium. With units of pressure, it's a measure of the tendency
of a component to vaporize.
26. For the stated number of points, identify the owners of these famous tombstone
 "Quoth the Raven--nevermore."
ANSWER: Edgar Allen Poe
 "Blessed be the man that spares these stones and cursed be he that moves my bones."
ANSWER: William Shakespeare
 "Sleep after toyle, port after stormie seas, ease after warre, death after life,
does greatly please."
ANSWER: Joseph Conrad
27. Pinochet may have fallen, but for 10 points each, given another Latin American
dictator, name the country he still rules.
a. Ernesto Geisel ANSWER: Brazil
b. Hector Trujillo ANSWER: Dominican Republic
c. Jorge Videl ANSWER: Argentina
28. Given the last line from a Robert Frost poem, name the poem, 10 points each.
a. "He says again, 'Good fences make good neighbors'."
ANSWER: "Mending Wall"
b. "Such as she was, such as she would become."
ANSWER: "The Gift Outright
c. "And miles to go before I sleep."
ANSWER: "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"
29. Given a work by an early medieval philosopher, name him for the stated number
 City of God
ANSWER: St. Augustine
 Why Did God Become Man?
ANSWER: St. Anselm
 Consolation of Philosophy
ANSWER: Anicius Mantius Severinus Boethius
30. Ten points each, name the German chancellor given a description.
a. He was the chancellor immediately before Hitler.
ANSWER: Fritz von Papen
b. As economics minister, he was responsible for the "economic miracle" of the 1950's,
but was not very successful as chancellor.
ANSWER: Ludwig Erhard
c. A figure with a Nazi past, he led the "Grand Coalition" of the late 1960's.
ANSWER: Kurt Georg Kiesinger