Penn Bowl VIII:
ROUND 12 TOSSUPS
1. It is derived from the Anglo-Norman word for "to hear," which is itself derived
from the Latin audire
[aw- DEE-ray]. This Middle English word is usually spoken three times, after which
courts can get down to business. FTP, name this phrase which is used to call a court
[OH-yay, OH-yes, or OH-yez]
2. Born in 1603, this Dutch painter died in 1666. At age 14 he attended the University
of Leiden, but he left to study art, first locally and then in Amsterdam. By 22,
he was accepting pupils. FTP, name this artist whose works are on display at the
Metropolitan Museum of Art and the National Gallery in DC, whose works include Christ Preaching
and The Night Watch
ANSWERs : Rembrandt
3. Having the lowest "highest point" of any state, according to locals, it loses a
county at high tide. With just three counties--New Castle, Kent, and Sussex--FTP, name
this state, which borders Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New Jersey, that was the first
state to ratify the Constitution.
4. In the 1100s they were short pieces, fragments of an organum
[or-GAH-num], with words other than those of the original plainchant. In the 1300s
they became large-scale isorhythmic compositions for special occasions. Now, they
are short pieces, usually with German or Latin religious texts; famous examples include
those of Bach and Palestrina. FTP, name this five-letter music term derived from the
French for "word."
5. Working at Bell Labs in 1964, Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson found a constant "background"
noise disrupting the reception of their antenna. Instead of ignoring it, they analyzed
it, and won a Nobel Prize for doing so. This is because they found leftover radiation from, FTP, what event, postulated by George Henri Lemaitre and Edwin Hubble
as the beginning of the Universe?
ANSWER: the Big Bang
(theory) [prompt on "background radiation"]
6. The 17th in a family of 57, he was an unindicted co-conspirator in the World Trade Center
bombing. Prosecutors are now trying to link him to the defunct Alkifah Refugee Center
in Brooklyn, some of whose members were convicted for a plot to blow up the Lincoln
and Holland tunnels in New York. FTP, name this terrorist who prompted US raids in Sudan
ANSWER: Osama bin Laden
[oh-SAH-muh bin LAH-din]
7. The elderly Mr. De Pinna came one day and never left. Penny, a flighty author who
seems incapable of ever finishing her novel. The unfortunate Alice whose struggle
for normalcy is doomed to failure. The film version of this play won the 1938 Academy
Award for Best Picture. FTP, name this play by Moss Hart and George S. Kaufman.
ANSWER: You Can't Take It With You
8. This author's books include Opus 100, Opus 200,
and Opus 300.
Writing over 450 books, spanning subjects from the Bible to Shakespeare, his autobiography
was published in 1979 and 1980. Born in Petrovichi, Russia, this author emigrated
to New York at age three. FTP, name this author, who died in 1992, the recipient
of a special Hugo award for his Foundation
ANSWER: Isaac Asimov
9. Its total value in the early 90s was around $4 billion--not bad, since it began
in the early 50s, when British banks were prohibited from lending pounds to finance
non-British trade. The term is now a misnomer, since action occurs in most of the
world, not just in Europe. FTP, name this term which refers to deposits in dollars where US
citizens or banks play no part in the transaction.
10. A professor at Oxford, this author, born in South Africa, was a member of the
Inklings and TCBS. He worked on the Oxford English Dictionary
and translated ancient texts such as Sir Orfeo
, and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
. Known as "Ronald" to his family and friends, FTP, name this author of The Hobbit
ANSWER: J(ohn) R(onald) R(euel) Tolkien
11. The goal of this movement is to teach people how to love God. It develops rural
communities worldwide, as well as a town of 20,000 in Mayapur, India. Though based
on the Bhagavad-gita
, its adherents disavow the pantheism, polytheism, and caste consciousness of Hinduism.
FTP, name this movement, which uses the acronym ISKON, also called the Hare Krishna.
ANSWER: The International Society for Krishna Consciousness
[accept Hare Krishna
on early buzz]
12. Found in all eukaryotes, the endosymbiosis [en-DOH-sim-bee-OH-sis] hypothesis
proposes that these structures originated as symbiotic bacteria. In mammals, these
organelles, enclosed by a double membrane, and bearing their own DNA, are concentrated
in sites with high metabolic activity, such as muscle and liver. FTP, name this cellular
13. This 1942 painting made an appearance in a recent episode of Fox's That 70s Show
. The characters ended up getting dinner at Phillies, and the scene pulled back from
live action to a still of this painting, where the couple and another man sit at
a lonely diner counter on a city corner. FTP, name this painting by Edward Hopper.
[prompt on "Hopper"]
14. This Swiss chemist authored Hydrodynamia
in 1738. He studied the flow of a fluid and formulated the principle that the pressure
exerted by a fluid is inversely proportional to its rate of flow. FTP, name this
mathematician, the son of Johann and nephew of Jakob, whose famous self-named equation
explains the lift of airplane wings.
15. In a Chinook legend, one of these animals swallowed the moon and along with the
raven visited the land of the dead. The Pomona maintain that he stole the sun to
keep the human race warm, whereas the Montana Sioux say that he created the horse.
FTP, identify this character involved in many Native American stories as a hero or a trickster,
a wily cousin of the wolf.
16. Five times larger than the eruption at Krakatoa, this ancient volcanic eruption
dumped 30 feet of ash on the nearby island of Crete. Effectively ending Minoan civilization,
one Reader's Digest
book went so far as to suggest it might be the site of Atlantis. FTP, name this island,
the site of the 1500 BC eruption, whose name in ancient Greek means "island of fear."
17. This convicted murderer and founder of Earth Day claimed on ABC's 20/20
that either the CIA or KGB framed him in the death of Holly Maddux. Unlike most convicted
murderers, he wasn't talking from prison, but from the safety of France, which has
refused to extradite him because he was tried in absentia.
FTP, name this most wanted criminal in Philadelphia.
ANSWER: Ira Einhorn
18. The first team sport contested in the modern Olympics, it was won in 1900 by Great
Britain. Traditionally dominated by Hungary, Italy, Yugoslavia, and the USSR, in
1996, Spain defeated Croatia for the gold medal. FTP, name this sport, whose US team
has been featured in photo shoots in Life
magazine and Sports Illustrated
's swimsuit issue.
ANSWER: water polo
19. In Russian legend, this smith binds water and earth with heavy chains. In Germany,
he's a she--an old woman who shakes her bed of feathers to make it snow. His origins
may be in Norse mythology, where he is sometimes called Jokul [YAH-kool], which means "ice." FTP, name this elvish creature, who personifies crisp, cold weather, who didn't
star in a Michael Keaton bomb.
ANSWER: Jack Frost
20. Philip Zimbardo chose 24 Stanford students for this experiment. Roles were divided
at random and after that the students were on their own. The exercise was shut down
less than halfway through, because of violent episodes between the participants.
FTP, name this experiment gone awry that gained national attention in 1971.
ANSWER: Stanford (Mock) Prison
21. Chicago. St. Louis. Tulsa. Oklahoma City. Amarillo. Santa Fe. Albuquerque. Flagstaff.
Needles. Finally, Santa Monica. Going through eight states, this road passes through
all the above cities and hundreds of others. FTP, name this famous road, namesake of a clothing line by K-Mart, on which you can get your kicks.
ANSWER: Route 66
22. This term originated in Turganev's Fathers and Sons
. Its ethical form holds that morality cannot be justified in any way; and therefore
that moral values are irrational and meaningless. Its political form holds that societal
institutions are so corrupt that they should be destroyed. FTP, name this eight-letter philosophy.
23. The father was widely known in Europe for his Helsinki railroad station and urban
planning projects before moving to the US. The son's independent work includes the
GM Technical Center, MIT's Kresge Auditorium, Yale's Ingalls Rink, and the prizewinning Jefferson National Expansion Memorial design for St. Louis, Missouri. FTP, give the
last name of Elial and Eero.
ANSWER: Elial and Eero Saarinen
[accept either first name if given]
24. His recent credits have included Firehouse
, Hellraiser IV
, Illusion Infinity
, and the TV version of Dune
. All of these movies were turkeys, as are most of his films, with the possible exception
of his first film, the Death of a Gunfighter
. FTP, name this director who would have been out of a job long ago if he actually
ANSWER: Alan Smithee
25. This country's name means "resplendent land." Gaining independence in 1948, after
almost 450 years of European rule, it has 725 miles of coastline. With the capital
just 8 north of the equator, the weather is often lovely, unless you're caught by
a monsoon. FTP, name this third largest tea producer, formerly called Ceylon.
ANSWER: Sri Lanka
26. Noted for his role as the central alien in 1976's The Man Who Fell to Earth
, he portrayed John Merrick in the 1981 Broadway version of The Elephant Man.
However, he is best known for his music: his albums include Hunky Dory
, with the songs "Changes," "Station to Station," and "Heroes." FTP, who introduced
us to astronaut Major Tom in the single "Space Oddity?"
ANSWER: David Bowie
27. Used primarily as a fertilizer, this solid material is 46% nitrogen. Currently
produced from a high pressure reaction of ammonia and carbon dioxide, it was first
synthesized by Friedrich Wöhler [VUH-luhr] in 1828, from ammonia and cyanic acid.
FTP, name this material, the first organic compound to be synthesized from inorganic materials.
28. Immigrants came in waves from Indonesia to this island until the 1400s. Queen
Ranavalona expelled all Europeans, but they returned when she died in 1861. Seized
as a French colony in 1896, in 1947 an armed revolt broke out because the citizens
were not satisfied with French rule. FTP, name this country, that gained full independence
in 1960, located in the Indian Ocean.
29. Predominant themes in his stories include "man meets machine" and "who controls
the government?" Born in Sannuma, Japan in 1954, at 19 he moved to Tokyo to become
a cartoon artist. His first professional work was Jusei.
His more notable works include Sayonara Nippon
, and Domu
. FTP, name this manga
guru most famous for his sci-fi classic, Akira
ANSWER: Katsuhiro Otomo
30. Located in Marin County, CA, about 10 miles north of San Francisco, it was built
in 1852 with convict labor, and some of the original buildings are still in use.
Built to hold 2,700 residents, it's almost as infamous as its brother across the
bay. FTP, name this institution, that appears in Blood in Blood Out: Bound By Honor
ANSWER: San Quentin
Penn Bowl VIII:
ROUND 12 BONI
1. 30-20-10. Name the album from songs.
 "Rapunzel", "The Dreaming Tree"
 "Halloween", "Don't Drink the Water"
 "Stay (Wasting Time)"
ANSWER: Before These Crowded Streets
by the Dave Matthews Band
25 POINT BONUS
2. Identify these medieval philosophers, for the stated number of points.
 Author of The City of God
, this Christian theologian was the Bishop of Hippo.
ANSWER: Saint Augustine
 This Franciscan Scotsman wrote Ordinatio
[or-duh-NAH-tee-oh], arguing Mary need not have contracted.original sin from Jesus's
birth. His name gave rise to a word for "fool."
ANSWER: John Duns Scotus
or Doctor Subtilis
3. Answer these questions on databases, 10 points each.
a. This is is the association between two data tables.
b. This is the procedure of retrieving certain items from certain tables.
c. This is the process of splitting up data among several tables to reduce redundancy.
4. 30-20-10. Name the work.
 Published by Simon and Schuster in 1996, this book is based on a 1993 article
in Foreign Affairs.
 In either form, this controversial work used examples such as the Balkan crisis
and the Persian Gulf War to show that the world was divided among ethnic lines.
 Written by Samuel Huntington, the lion's share of this work details the conflict
between different societies.
ANSWER: The Clash of Civilizations
and the Remaking of World Order
5. Given the work or works, identify the author. Ten points each.
a. Death Comes for the Archbishop, Sapphira and the Slave Girl
ANSWER: Willa Cather
b. The Member of the Wedding
ANSWER: Carson McCullers
c. The Awakening, At Fault
ANSWER: Kate Chopin
6. Do you know your World War I aces, and the airplanes they flew? 10 points each.
a. This German plane was the first airplane that could fire a machine gun through
b. This British airplane has been credited with more kills than any other plane of
World War I.
ANSWER: Sopwith Camel
c. This French airplane was the first to have a V-line engine, and could reach speeds
up to 130 mph.
ANSWER: S.P.A.D. 7
7. Given an item in French, state whether you would eat it, drink it, spend it, wear
it, ride it, or "get jiggy with it," 10 points each.
a. un sous
[ahn soo]ANSWER: spend
b. un soulier
[ahn SOO-lee-ay]ANSWER: wear
it [a shoe]
c. un croque-monsieur
[ahn croak-mih-syoo]ANSWER: eat
it [a type of sandwich]
8. 30-20-10, name the work.
 This work, dealing with passion and erotic imagery, is 12,000 lines long and
originally written in hexameter.
 Chronologically organized, it begins at the Creation and ends with the Caesar's
death and deification.
 Many of the tales told in this Latin work show transformations, from chaos to
order or vice versa.
ANSWER: The Metamorphoses
of Ovid [do not accept "Metamorphosis"]
25 POINT BONUS
9. Given names of minor characters, name the Shakespearean play, for the stated number
 Rosencrantz, Guildenstern, Yorrick
 Nerissa, Launcelot Bobbo, Jessica
ANSWER: The Merchant of Venice
 Westmoreland, Pistol, Fluellen, and of course, Boy
ANSWER: The History of King Henry V
10. 30-20-10. Name the actor.
 Born June 1, 1937 in Memphis, he won a "Silver Berlin Bear" and Golden Globe
 His directorial debut was Bopha!
, starring Danny Glover
 While 1999 looks promising, his best year was arguably 1989 with Driving Miss Daisy
and Lean On Me
ANSWER: Morgan Freeman
11. Answer these questions on Islamic arts, 10 points each.
a. A characteristic Islamic decoration consisting of highly interlaced flowers, animals
or geometric patterns, this term comes from the French.
b. This short-necked lute, with four or five strings, is a popular string instrument
c. This mosque palace and fortress of the Moorish monarchs is situated in Granada.
12. Identify the electrical elements from a description, 10 points each:
a. Two insulated conductors, isolated from their surroundings, carrying equal and
b. A coil of wire in which an electromotive force is created by changes in current.
c. Two coils of wire wound around an iron core. The voltage in the second coil is
proportional to the ratio of the number of turns of the coils times the primary coil
13. 30-20-10. Name the painter.
 Born in Limoges, France he often used his friends, wife, and babies as models.
He was famous for his pictures of young girls and children, as well as his intimate
dipictions of middle class life.
 Alive from 1841-1919 he and Monet developed the broken color technique of the
 Some of his works were Oarsmen at Chatou and The Children's Afternoon at Wargemont.
ANSWER: Pierre Auguste Renoir
25 POINT BONUS
14. Answer these questions on transpositions, for the stated number of points.
 If you transpose F major to its relative minor, what key do you end up in?
 You write a song in D major. Your soloist starts singing in E minor, and you
want to write down that version too. How many sharps do you have to add or subtract
to switch keys?
ANSWER: subtract 1
15. 30-20-10. Name the author from works.
 My Uncle Oswald
, "The Way Up to Heaven"
 Switch Bitch,
 Matilda, The Witches
ANSWER: Roald Dahl
16. Most DNA mutations are changes in one base pair. Name these point mutations, 10
a. This mutation results in formation of a stop codon, resulting in a shorter, usually
b. This mutation changes one amino acid to another. A full chain is still formed,
though it may not be functional.
c. This mutation substitutes one nucleotide for another without changing the final
mutation [accept wobble
17. The European Union has recently been deciding which countries merit "fast-track"
membership. Six countries have fast-track status as of January 1. Five points each,
18. Identify the English king from his nickname, 10 points each.
a. The UnreadyANSWER: Ethelred II
b. The Hammer of ScotlandANSWER: Edward I
c. LacklandANSWER: John
19. Identify these Russian rivers from their paths, 10 points each.
a. Beginning in Mongolia, it flows along the Russo-Chinese border, and empties
into the Sea of Okhotsk [uh-KHOH-tsk]
b. It flows from the Black Sea and Rostov to southwest of Moscow.
c. It flows from Lake Baikal (Buy-kahl) to the Artic Ocean
[LEE-nuh or LAY-nuh]
20. Identify the polymer from the monomers, 10 points each.
a. adipic acid and hexamethylene diamine
6,6 or polyamide
b. dimethylene terephthalate [the-ruh-THAH-late] and ethylene glycol
or polyethylene terephthalate
21. For the stated number of points, answer the following questions about economics.
[3x5] Economists talk about a triple identity for a profit-maximizing firm that says
P = MR = MC. What do P, MR, and MC stand for?
, Marginal Revenue,
and Marginal Cost
 Finally, this year's Nobel Prize winner in Economics is a professor at Trinity
College in Cambridge, UK. Name him for 15, or his country of birth for 5.
ANSWER: Amartya Sen
 or India
22. 30-20-10-5. Name the philosopher from works.
 Essays on Suicide and the Immortality of the Soul
 The Natural History of Religion; My Own Life
 Treaties of Human Nature
 An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
ANSWER: David Hume
25 POINT BONUS
23. The US won the most silver medals at the 1996 Summer Olympics. Five points each,
25 for all four, name the four countries that finished second through fifth.
ANSWER: People's Republic of China
Federal Republic of Germany
; South Korea
or the Republic of Korea
24. Answer the following questions about 1998 events in Nigeria, 10 points each.
a. A general and former leader of Nigeria, he died in June of a heart attack.
ANSWER: Sani Abacha
b. In July, this imprisoned winner of 1993 elections also died of a heart attack,
a day before his scheduled release.
ANSWER: Moshood Abiola
c. Abiola was from this ethnic group from southwest Nigeria.
25. Answer these questions about
the Nobel Prizes, for the stated number of points.
 In what year was the first Economics prize awarded?
 This is the only prize that is not awarded in Stockholm.
ANSWER: the Nobel Peace
 This man is the only posthumous
winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
ANSWER: Dag Hammarskjoeld
26. When was the last time you
ran out of disk space or memory? Ten points each.
a. How many megabytes can be stored on a 3.5 inch high-density IBM formatted diskette?
b. How many kilobytes of conventional memory does an IBM computer have?
c. How many bytes of random access memory did a Commodore 64 contain?
27. Seven countries have land above the Arctic Circle. Canada is one. Five points
each, name the other six.
28. The Bellagio [buh-LAH-zhee-oh], a $1.6 billion hotel/casino complex, just opened
in Las Vegas. Answer these questions about it, 10 points each.
a. Name the casino developer who built Bellagio.
ANSWER: Steve Wynn
b. Wynn built Bellagio on the site of this former Vegas landmark.
ANSWER: The Dunes
c. Wynn spent another $300 million purchasing art including works by this creator
of the Sunflower
ANSWER: Vincent van Gogh
29. Identify the ballet terms from the definition, 10 points each
a. A leap in which the lower leg beats against the upper one at an angle, before the
dancer lands again on the lower leg.
b. A bending of the knees in any of the five positions.
c. A turn on one leg, with the toe of the other leg touching the knee of the turning
20 POINT BONUS
30. It's merger mania! Given the company, name the company with which it's merging,
10 points each.
a. Greyhound Bus Co.ANSWER: Laidlaw
b. Bankers Trust Co.ANSWER: Deutsche Bank
[prompt on "German"]
26. The name's the same. A structure containing reproductive organs in non-flowering
plants like pine trees. A class of specialized epithelial cells on the retina that
mediate color vision. FTP, what name do they share with a geometrical solid obtained
by revolving a right triangle about one of its legs?
27. During medieval times, this section of the Crimean peninsula was actually held
by Genoa. The Tatars drove the Genoese out in the early 1400s, but the Turks captured
it in 1475. The Russians gained control in 1783, and in 1854 they defended it against
Lord Cardigan and his poorly armed English horsemen. FTP, name these heights, site
of the Charge of the Light Brigade.
18. The common name of this Native American nation comes from the Ojibwa for "little
snakes." Calling themselves the Oceti Sakowin [OH-suh-tee SAH-koh-win], of their
many tribes, only one tribe actually made their living off of hunting buffalo--the
Lakota. FTP, name this nation, whose leaders included Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse.
38. In April 1999, Tom Hanks, Gary Sinise, and William Sadler, will appear in the
film version of this novel. Published in six parts over the course of several months,
the book was first published in 1996, and sold in novel form upon its completion.
FTP, name this Stephen King thriller set in a prison on Death Row?
ANSWER: The Green Mile