Penn Bowl VIII:
ROUND 15 TOSSUPS
1. Earth's bond value of it is .33 and the moon's is .12. The normal value of the
asteroid Ceres is .09, snow is 1.0, and charcoal is .04. Normal is measured by viewing
the object from above, while bond is measured by orbiting satellites. These are
the two types and values of, FTP, what measurement of the amount of light reflected off
a body or surface?
2. Their performing names were Otis, Charlie, Lefty, Nelson, and Lucky--and they all
had the same last name. When Lefty died in 1988, the remaining members changed their
names to Clayton, Muddy, Spike, and Boo. This all-star band's only albums were Volume1
and Volume 3
. FTP, name this band that really consisted of Jeff Lynne, Tom Petty, Roy Orbison,
George Harrison, and Bob Dylan.
ANSWER: The Traveling Wilburys
3. In 1988 the Rodrigo Franco command, encouraged by senior government officials,
began killing and imprisoning academics and others who showed sympathy for this movement.
In 1992 its leader, Dr. Abimael Guzman, was captured in 1992 and sentenced to life
imprisonment. Spawning such other revolutionary groups as the Tupac Amaru movement,
FTP, name this Peruvian communist guerrilla movement.
ANSWER: Shining Path
or Sendero Luminoso
4. The Prussian force numbered about 30,000 while the Austrians under Count Daun and
Charles of Lorraine numbered nearly 90,000. The Prussians feigned an attack on the
Austrian right flank, but then withdrew and attacked their left, crushing their enemy.
FTP, name this 1757 battle of the Seven Years' War, often called Frederick the Great's
ANSWER: Battle of Leuthen
5. In different scenes its star portrays a Mexican freedom-fighter, an E.T.-type character,
and Jesus from Ben-Hur. It was narrowly defeated by Puke-a-hontas
at the Springfield Film Festival and by George C. Scott's Man Getting Hit by Football
at the Oscars. FTP, name this Señor Spielbergo-directed film starring Springfield's
evilest and wealthiest resident.
ANSWER: A Burns for All Seasons
6. At 16,066 feet, it's located in the Ellsworth Mountains and was first scaled in
1966 by an American expedition led by Nicholas Clinch. Although it has a French-sounding
name, it was named after a Georgia politician who served in the US House of Representatives for a record 50 years, from 1914-64. FTP, name this mountain, the highest
peak in Antarctica?
ANSWER: Mt. Vinson
7. Two of the order's largest abbeys in the British Isles were Fountains Abbey in
Yorkshire and Tintern Abbey in Monmouthshire in Wales. It was founded in 1098 by
Robert of Molesme and, it was shaped greatly by Bernard of Clairvaux. FTP, what
is this order popularly known as the Whitefriars, an offshoot of the Benedictines, founded in
Citaux [see-TOH], France?
ANSWER: the Cistercian
8. Born in Vienna, he founded and edited Der Jude
[dare YOO-duh] from 1916-24. He became a professor of comparative religion and then
directed an institute for Jewish adult education. In 1938 he fled from the Nazi
regime to Palestine. FTP, name this major figure of religious existentialism and
author of the 1923 work I and Thou
ANSWER: Martin Buber
9. Napoleon III let his honored guests use forks and spoons made from this metal,
once extremely rare in pure form. In 1886 a process for purifying it using molten
cryolite was discovered almost simultaneously by Charles Hall in the US and Paul
Heroult [HUH-roo] in France. FTP, name this metal usually found in nature in the ore bauxite.
10. His works include The Psychology of Intelligence
and The Language and Thought of a Child
. His theories are centered on the concept that children perceive the world by observing
regularities and making generalizations, as do scientists. As a result of this scientific
behavior, children gain the tools to proceed to the next of four stages of their development. FTP, name this 20th century Swiss psychologist.
ANSWER: Jean Piaget
11. A massive granite edifice, it was constructed by Juan Bautista de Toledo and
his successor, Juan de Herrera. It houses a substantial library and a fine art gallery
with works by Titian, El Greco, and Velasquez. FTP what is this 16th century palace/monastery complex built for Philip II outside Madrid?
ANSWER: El Escorial
12. He began as a poet but saw that didn't pay very well, so he turned to prose, first
publishing the unsuccessful fantasy The Shaving of Shagpat: An Arabian Entertainment
in 1855. His fame grew, however, with the publishing of such novels as Evan Harrington
and Richard Feveral
. FTP, name this Victorian most famous for his 1879 work The Egoist
ANSWER: George Meredith
13. In this opera, subtitled "Wedded Love," Florestan, a Spanish nobleman thrown into
prison, is followed by a young man, actually his wife Leonore in disguise. The tyrannical
governor Pizarro tries to kill Florestan, but Leonore stops him, and all the prisoners are eventually released. FTP, this describes what opera, the only one by Ludwig
[prompt on "Leonore
", the original name]
14. Now occupied by the Turkish city of Bodrum, according to tradition, it was founded
as Caria by Dorian Troezen. It later became the capital of a small despotate, the
famous ruler of which was a woman, Artemisia. The birthplace of Herodotus, its main
building was a square structure containing Ionic columns topped by a 24-step pyramid
and a large horse-drawn chariot. FTP, name this ancient city famous for the Mausoleum.
15. His 44-game hitting streak in 1897 was a record until Joe DiMaggio broke it 44
years later. Who was this star of the Baltimore Orioles and New York Highlanders
during the dead ball era, who FTP, when asked by a member of the press about his
batting strategy, replied, "I hit 'em where they ain't?"
ANSWER: William "Wee Willie" Keeler
16. She was celebrated for her marriage songs, but also wrote hymns, mythological
poems, and personal love poetry. Of her nine major works, only fragments remain,
some recently discovered on Egyptian papyri. Who was this poet born circa 630 BC
at Eressos on the island of Lesbos?
17. Frederick Gowland Hopkins won the 1929 Nobel Prize for the discovery of the role
of these compounds, which he termed "accessory substances." The name by which they
are now known was coined by Casimir Funk. However, the final "e" was dropped from
their name when it was discovered they don't all contain nitrogen. FTP, name these co-enzymes,
like cobalamin, that Funk thought were "vital amines."
18. By 1813 he was "out of fashion," having quarreled with the Prince Regent, later
George IV. In 1816, he fled to France, where he died in an insane asylum in 1840.
His elegance, style, and friendship with the Regent enabled him to dictate Regency
fashion in the early 1800s. FTP, name this English dandy, after whom the British pop group
that recorded "Laugh, Laugh" was named.
ANSWER: George "Beau" Brummel
19. There's no direct English translation of his first name, but it's similar to "uncle,"
and is used as a title of respect. When he died in 1972, his body became the object
of a tug-of-war between university students and military forces in Rangoon. FTP, name this Burmese diplomat, the third Secretary-General of the UN.
ANSWER: U Thant
20. This compilation of 228 Latin and German poems was discovered in the monastery
at Benediktbeuern [BOI-uhrn] in 1803. Probably written around 1230, there are moral-satirical
poems, love poems, and poems of camaraderie, including many drinking songs. FTP, name this group of poems, of which 24 were selected, including "O Fortuna!", for
the masterpiece of Carl Orff?
ANSWER: Carmina Burana
21. This 1956 film featured Bela Lugosi's last performance. He died during the production
so his role was completed by the director's wife's chiropractor who remained hooded,
but was still noticeably taller and younger than Lugosi. FTP, name this film directed by Ed Wood, which Leonard Maltin has called the worst film ever made.
ANSWER: Plan 9 from Outer Space
[do not accept Showgirls
, even if it does
challenge Plan 9
for the title]
22. This physicist was educated at Trinity College and was elected to the Royal Society
in 1776. His major work, A Treatise on Rectilinear Motion
explains many of his demonstrations using gravity. FTP name this creator of a machine
consisting of various weights attached to strings and pulleys.
ANSWER: George Atwood
23. Every complete formulation consists of two parts, the text proper, and the isnad
, the chain of transmitters that allows its veracity to be determined. Because the
Qur'an was very restrained and obscure in many areas, Muslims turned to these six
major collections. what is the term for these sayings attributed to the prophet Muhammad?
24. Originally entitled On the Run
, it concerns Donal Davoren, whom people think is an IRA hero, though Mr. Maguire
is the real IRA operative. Maguire leaves a briefcase of explosives with Davoren,
and Davoren's admirer Minnie Powell is apprehended and taken toward jail. Ironically,
she's killed when the police car carrying her is ambushed by the IRA. FTP, this is the
plot of what play by Sean O'Casey?
ANSWER: The Shadow of a Gunman
25. Before this team got its current name in 1900, it went through several less successful
names, including the Old Gold Knights, the Antelopes, and the Bugeaters. This football
powerhouse won its first of five national championships in 1970 under Bob Devaney. FTP, name this university whose team is now coached by Frank Solich, who replaced
the legendary Tom Osborne?
ANSWER: University of Nebraska
at Lincoln or Cornhuskers
26. His early works include The High Price of Bullion
and Reply to Mr. Bosanquet's Practical Observations on the Report of the Bullion Committee
, published in 1810 and 1811. This English-born Jewish economist educated in the Netherlands
in 1817 wrote his most famous work, On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation
. FTP, name this economist who developed an Iron Law of Wages.
ANSWER: David Ricardo
27.The project is slated for completion in 2009 and it will have displaced over 1.2
million people by then. It is located in the Hubei province, and not since the construction
of the Grand Canal has China had such a major water-related project. FTP name this world's largest dam that will form a 350 mile-long resovoir on the Yangtze.
ANSWER: Three Gorges
28. Much of his life is similar to that of the character he's famous for, such as
collecting classic cars and searching for sunken ships through the National Underwater
and Marine Agency, which this author founded. FTP, name this best-selling author
whose tough-guy character Dirk Pitt appears in such novels as Shock Wave
, Inca Gold
, and Raise The Titanic!
ANSWER: Clive Cussler
29. He learned the art of printing in Cologne and set up his first shop in Belgium,
printing Recall of the Histories of Troy
, his translation of a French romance, which became the first book printed in English.
FTP, name this early printer of Mallory and Chaucer.
ANSWER: William Caxton
30. This city was known in Roman times as Durocaturum [doo-roh-kuh-TOH-rum] and was
the traditional place of the crowning of French kings since Clovis's baptism here
in 496. The capital of the Champagne region, on May 7, 1945, the German High Command
officially surrendered to Dwight Eisenhower here. FTP, name this French city famous for
its magnificent cathedral.
Penn Bowl VIII:
ROUND 15 BONI
1. 30-20-10. Name the actor.
 He was slated to be Indiana Jones in Raiders of the Lost Ark
, he couldn't get out of his TV contract and was thankfully replaced by Harrison Ford.
 In the 1990s he's been in such films as In and Out
, Christopher Columbus: The Discovery
, and Mr. Baseball
 He is best known for his 1980s TV role as Thomas Magnum.
ANSWER: Thomas (Tom) Selleck
2. Answer the following about Scottish history for ten points each.
a. The Scots led by Mel Gibson/William Wallace were defeated in this 1298 battle by
Edward I Longshanks and his English longbows.
ANSWER: First Battle of Falkirk
b. This village in central Scotland was the site of the Scottish coronation stone,
which is now located in Westminster Abbey and used in British coronations.
c. This city's cathedral, once Scotland's largest, was plundered by Protestants in
1559 and now stands in ruins. Many of the town's older buildings are at least partially
made from its stones.
ANSWER: St. Andrews
3. Name these 1998 World Cup players, 10 points each.
a. With his game-winning goal against Argentina in the quarterfinals, he became the
leading scorer in Dutch history.
ANSWER: Dennis Bergkamp
b. This 18-year-old English sensation is remembered for his breakaway goal in a losing
second-round effort against Argentina.
ANSWER: Michael Owen
c. This Danish goalkeeper helped the Danes make the quarterfinals before losing to
ANSWER: Peter Schmeichel
25 POINT BONUS
4. Identify these things that alter gene pools, for the stated number of points.
 Random events may bring death or parenthood to some individuals regardless of
their genetic makeup, and the resulting random change in the gene pool is known as
ANSWER: genetic drift
 This case of genetic drift is when the ancestors of a new population lack some
of the genes of the old one. This effect is thought to play an important role in
5. 30-20-10. Name the composer from works.
 The oratorios The Apostles
and The Kingdom
 Sea Pictures
and The Dream of Gerontius
 Enigma Variations
ANSWER: Sir Edward William Elgar
6. Name the following legal terms, 10 points each.
a. In this type of contract, a group agrees that the last surviving participant gets
the reward--often used in insurance policies and once with the Fighting Hellfish on
an episode of The Simpsons.
b. This is a wrongful act for which a civil action will occur instead of a criminal
c. In Anglo-American law, in this relationship, one person has the power to manage
property; the other has the privilege of receiving the benefits from that property.
7. Identify the following European stadiums, 10 points each.
a. This St. Dénis [sahn day-NEE] stadium hosted the 1998 World Cup finals.
ANSWER: Stade de France
b. The 1966 World Cup finals and the 1948 Olympic track and field events were held
at this site.
c. The world's largest stadium is in this European capital city.
, Czech Republic
8. Name these following literary characters for ten points each.
a. This title character of Dostoyevsky's The Idiot
has an unsettling effect on the uppity Yepanchin [yeh- PAAN-cheen] family.
ANSWER: Prince Myshkin
b. His character is based on American transportation magnate Charles Yerkes and is
the chief figure in Dreiser's The Financier, The Titan,
and The Stoic
ANSWER: Frank Algernon Cowperwood
c. A former World War I aviator, he searches for the meaning of life in W. Somerset
Maugham's The Razor's Edge
ANSWER: Larry Darrell
9. Name the following from Norse mythology, 10 points each.
a. This squirrel runs up and down the tree Yggdrasil.
b. This is the name of the guardian of Bifrost, the rainbow bridge
c. A never-ending supply of pork for the heroes in Valhalla came from this boar.
25 POINT BONUS
10. Name the famous English translators from the clues provided for the stated number
 In 1859 he released his The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam
ANSWER: Edward Fitzgerald
 He is known for his early 20th century translations of works of Chinese and Japanese
literature such as Monkey
and The Tale of the Genji
ANSWER: Arthur Waley
11. Identify these characters from Max Cannon's alternative comic Red Meat
, 10 points each.
a. This Mark Trail-like character, known for his pipe, burned Johnny Lemonhead's house
or Ted Johnson
b. This uniformed man is a high school science teacher fired for dipping live rabbits
in liquid nitrogen and breaking them on the countertop.
ANSWER: Milkman Dan
c. Known for his staring directly at the reader, this strange-looking fellow has been
plagued by an eerie glowing skull in the background.
ANSWER: Bug-Eyed Earl
25 POINT BONUS
12. Name these people related to Watson and Crick's DNA discoveries, for the stated
number of points.
 Her x-ray diffraction studies helped Watson and Crick see why their original
model was incorrect and that the double helix model was consistent with her data.
ANSWER: Rosalind Franklin
 While Franklin's work went largely unrecognized, this New Zealander who hired
Franklin received the 1962 Nobel Prize along with Watson and Crick.
ANSWER: Maurice Wilkins
13. Name the Christian martyr from his or her cause of death, 10 points each.
a. Archdeacon of Rome at the time of Pope Sixtus II, Vespasian roasted him alive on
ANSWER: Saint Lawrence
b. This Bishop of Paris, patron saint of headaches, was beheaded around 275. Before
dying, he picked up his head and walked to the site where an abbey now stands in
ANSWER: Saint Dénis
c. Patron saint of the blind, during Diocletian's reign, her eyes were gouged out.
She is often depicted holding a plate of eyeballs.
ANSWER: Saint Lucy
14. Answer these questions on the Brazilian currency crisis, 10 points each.
a. This is the Brazilian currency being devalued.
b. This devaluation has caused this President's government serious financial woes.
ANSWER: Fernando Henrique Cardoso
c. On January 21, the crisis caused a 4.75% drop in total value on this, Brazil's
principal stock market.
ANSWER: the Sao Paolo
15. Name the class of organic compound, given its general structure, 10 points each.
a. A carbonyl attached to two alkyl groups ANSWER: ketone
b. A carbonyl attached to an alkyl and an OHANSWER: carboxylic acid
c. Two alkyls bonded to a single oxygenANSWER: ether
16. Name these 19th-century treaties between the US and Britain, for the stated number of points.
 This 1842 treaty, the result of the lumberjacks' dispute known as the Aroostook
War fixed the present border between Maine and Canada.
 This 1817 treaty, a sequel to the Treaty of Ghent, called for mutual disarmament
on the Great Lakes.
Agreement or Treaty
 This convention named for the year it was held gave America rights to fisheries
off Labrador, and fixed much of the boundary between the US and British North America
along the 45th parallel.
ANSWER: Convention of 1818
17. Answer the following about the most lopsided college football game in history,
10 points each.
a. In 1916, this team lost to Georgia Tech; their longest gain was a four-yard loss
b. Georgia Tech was coached by this legend.
ANSWER: John Heisman
c. Ten points if exact, and 5 if within 10, how many points did Georgia Tech score
in their shutout?
 or 212 to 232
18. Ten points each, name the following political figures assassinated in the last
a. This Italian prime minister, president of the Christian Democrats, was kidnapped
by Red Brigade guerrillas and killed in 1978.
ANSWER: Aldo Moro
b. In 1986 this Swedish prime minister was shot outside a movie theater on his way
home with his wife.
ANSWER: Olaf Palme
c. In 1996, this major Hamas [hah-MAHS] operative was killed by a booby-trapped cell
ANSWER: Yaha Ayyash
19. Ten points each, name these places that begin with the letter "Z".
a. This island in the Indian Ocean merged with Tanganyika to form Tanzania.
b. This Spanish city's name comes from a corruption of "Caesar Augustus."
[SAH-ruh-GOH-sah or ZAH-ruh-GOH-zah]
c. This city in Ohio is America's largest city that falls into this category.
20. For the stated number of points, answer the following about Malta.
 Name its capital.
 Ten points for one, fifteen for both, name the two major islands that comprise
 Legend has it this shipwrecked apostle converted the Maltese to Christianity.
ANSWER: Saint Paul
21. A 1593 bar fight led to murder in Deptford, England. For the stated number of
 This Elizabethan playwright was killed in the described event possibly because
he was a spy.
ANSWER: Christopher Marlowe
 What twentieth-century author in A Dead Man in Deptford
wrote a fictionalized account of Marlowe's death?
ANSWER: Anthony Burgess
 Burgess and most historians now believe that this man is Marlowe's killer.
ANSWER: Ingram Frizer
22. Given a description of a Thomas Mann novel or novella, name it for the stated
number of points.
 The author Gustav von Aschenbach is attracted to the teenage boy Tadzio while
on vacation during an outbreak of cholera.
ANSWER: Death in Venice
or Der Tod in Venedig
 This novel tells of the decline of a family of merchants from their pinnacle
of wealth in 1835 to their demise in 1877.
 This novel tells the story of the composer Adrian Leverkühn whose compositions
tell of German culture from 1910 to 1930.
ANSWER: Doctor Faustus
or Doktor Faustus
23. Ten points each, answer the following concerning the labors of Hercules.
a. Hercules' first task was to kill this beast and wore its skin as a trophy.
ANSWER: Nemean lion
b. Name the king of Elis whose stables were cleaned by Hercules for his fifth labor.
[prompt on "Augean stables"]
c. Along the way to get the golden apples of the Hesperides, what giant did Hercules
defeat by holding him off the ground, to keep him from his power source, the earth?
24. Given a state with just one National Park, name that park, 10 points each.
a. Minnesota ANSWER: Voyageurs
b. Michigan ANSWER: Isle Royale
c. North Dakota ANSWER: Theodore Roosevelt
25. Name the philosopher given a pair of his works, 10 points each.
a. The Philosophy of Right
and The Phenomenology of the Spirit
ANSWER: Georg Friedrich Wilhelm Hegel
b. Philosophical Investigations
and Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
ANSWER: Ludwig Wittgenstein
c. Stages on Life's Way
ANSWER: Soren Aabye Kierkegaard
26. Name the opera from a brief plot synopsis, for the stated number of points.
 This Puccini opera set in the Latin Quarter has been described as "boy meets girl,
boy loses girl, boy and girl are reunited as girl dies of consumption in boy's arms
as the curtain falls."
ANSWER: La Bohème
 This Verdi opera known for "La donna è mobile,
" an aria sung by the Duke, has as its title character a hunchbacked jester.
 This first opera of Mozart, written in German and set in sixteenth-century Turkey
features Belmonte, a Spanish nobleman and his adventures in a harem.
ANSWER: The Abduction from the Seraglio
or Die Entführung aus dem Serail
27. Answer the following about the African National Congress, for the stated number
 Under this foreigner's influence, the ANC began its organized passive resistance
to white power.
ANSWER: Mohandas Karmachand M
 This 1956 statement of policy emphasized the ANC's Fabian principles as well
as its commitment to racial equality.
ANSWER: Freedom Charter
 In 1960, the ANC was declared unlawful. This military wing began a campaign of
industrial and economic sabotage.
ANSWER: Spear of the Nation
or Umkhonto we Sizwe
28. Given a description of a French painting, name it for ten points each.
a. This Honoré Daumier work features working class people in a crowded train compartment.
ANSWER: The Third-Class Carriage
b. This Nicolas Poussin work depicts the Philistines dying of mysterious illnesses
just after they steal the Ark of the Covenant.
ANSWER: The Plague at Ashdod
or The Miracle of the Ark
c. This Jean-Francois Millet work depicts three women bending over and gathering stubs
ANSWER: The Gleaners
29. Name the American painter given a pair of works for ten points each.
a. Paul Revere, Watson and the Shark
ANSWER: John Singleton Copley
b. Stag at Sharkey's, Dempsey Through the Ropes
ANSWER: George Bellows
c. Between Rounds, The Agnew Clinic
ANSWER: Thomas Cowperthwaite Eakins
30. Answer the following about everyone's favorite refrigerator accessory, magnets,
10 points each.
a. This is the term for the strength of a magnetic field, which is measured in Teslas.
ANSWER: magnetic induction
b. It is defined as the number of magnetic field lines that pass through a surface.
ANSWER: magnetic flux
c. In 1820 this Danish physicist discovered that an electric current produces a magnetic
ANSWER: Hans Christian Oersted
31. Identify the following Mogul emperors from the clues provided for the stated number
 He ruled from 1628-58 and is chiefly remembered today for his numerous building
projects including the Red Fort in Delhi and a famous tomb in Agra.
ANSWER: Shah Jahan
 Ruling at the empire's height from 1556-1605, he introduced the Din Ilahi
[ih-LA-hee], or Divine Faith, a "common" faith designed to curb violence among India's
I or Akbar
 Though he had a long and seemingly successful reign, this son of Shah Jahan was
the last major Mogul emperor because of his religious fervor and a treasury drained
by his father's building projects.
12. What do wealthy businessmen do? Try to circle the world! Answer the following.
[2x10] Name the Englishman, who crashed in the Pacific ocean near Hawaii in a failed
attempt on Dec. 25th, and the corporation he heads.
ANSWER: Richard Branson
, the Virgin
b. This realty group whose symbol is a balloon, tried to send a team through the Southern
Hemisphere at a height of 130,000 feet to avoid weather problems.