Quesadilla I 1998
Tossups by Caltech Also-Rans (Chris Nolte, Albert Chiu, and Jay Catherwood)

[Science: biochemistry]

They are a group of 20-carbon fatty acid derivatives containing a 5-carbon ring, and have diverse hormonelike effects in animals. Bergstrom, Samuelsson, and Vane were awarded the Nobel Prize for their work with these compounds, including Vane's explanation that aspirin alleviates pain and inflammation by inhibiting their formation. Although first isolated in semen, they are found throughout the body. For 10 points, name this class of compounds, not all of which are secreted by the prostate gland.

Answer: prostaglandins

[History: India]

When his father became ill, he fought with and defeated Dara Shikoh, his eldest brother and his father's designated successor, at Samugarh in 1658. Then when his father recovered he confined him to his own palace in Agra and had several other family members executed. Originally a Muslim ruler of a mixed Hindu-Muslim empire, he later became more intolerant toward the Hindus, finally causing the Mahrattas to rebel against him. For ten points, name this third son of Shah Jahan, the last of the great Mughal emperors of India.

Answer: Aurangzeb

[We shamelessly call this literature]

While attending this year's Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, Albert noticed an ad for an adult video company. It featured the adult stars Serenity and Jenna Jameson with a catchy and appropriate five-word slogan taken from a line in Act IV, scene I of Macbeth. For 10 points, name this phrase, that is also the title of a 1983 novel by Ray Bradbury.

Answer: Something wicked this way comes
(Note: the film company is Wicked Pictures.)

[Religion/philosophy: philosophy of science]

It was first coined by William Whewell to describe the seeking of principles with as wide an explanatory reach as possible. The term has been revived by a noted Harvard biologist, who argues for the integration of the physical and the social sciences and presents the thesis that all knowledge is unified. For 10 points, give the word and you've named the controversial 1998 philosophy of science work by Edward O. Wilson.

Answer: Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge

[Science: physics]

A toroidal magnetic field is produced by coils that surround the vacuum chamber containing the plasma, and a poloidal field is generated by a toroidal electric current within the conducting plasma, confining the plasma in a stable equilibrium. For 10 points, name this device important in fusion resarch whose name is an acronym derived from the Russian for toroidal magnetic confinment.

Answer: tokamak

[Literature: 20th c. british]

The action takes place in revolutionary Mexico at a time when all but one of the state's priests have been executed by a hostile government. For 10 points, what 1940 Graham Greene novel concerns the martyrdom of an unnamed whiskey priest?

Answer: The Power and the Glory

[Fine Art: Opera]

At the beginning of this opera, the main character is acquitted from charges that he killed his first apprentice. Later, it is revealed that he found the dripping corpse in his fishing net. When his second apprentice slips off a cliff and drowns in the sea, the tormented fisherman wonders, ``What harbour shelters peace?'' For ten points, name this opera composed by Benjamin Britten.

Answer: Peter Grimes

[History: 20th c. Europe]

Although he had the support of the northern bajraktars plus a vast bureaucracy, efficient police force and lots of Italian money, he took away freedoms and left peasants poorer, leading to periodic revolts against the regime. For ten points, who became president in 1925 and king in 1928, and, in the face of Enver Hoxha's communist republic, abdicated the throne of Albania in 1946?

Answer: King Zog I or Ahmed Bey Zogu

[Pop culture: recent film]

When you consider that his punishment as a child was to be placed in a burlap bag and beaten with reeds, it is not surprising to see that he turned out the way that he did. It didn't help that his mother was a French prostitute and that his Belgian father made outrageous claims like inventing the question mark. For ten points, name this man who is better known as the nemesis of Austin Powers.

Answer: Dr. Evil

[Science: biology/entomology]

They are principally characterized by their elytra, which are modified forewings that lie protectively over a second pair of functional wings. With over 250,000 species, they comprise approximately one fourth of the total living species in the animal kingdom. For 10 points, give the common name for this largest group of animals, members of the order Coleoptera.

Answer: beetles (accept Coleoptera before ``order'')

[History: World War I]

In an effort to trap Beatty's squadron of battle cruisers at Rosyth and destroy it before reinforcements from Scapa Flow could reach it, Reinhard Scheer sent five battle cruisers from Wilhelmshaven to the North Sea. However, the signal for the operation was decoded, and John Jellicoe led the whole British Grand Fleet to the Skagerrak, where, for ten points, what 1916 naval battle took place?

Answer: Battle of Jutland

[Geography: US]

This city with a population of 30000 is adjacent to the largest National Marine Santuary in the U.S. and a new state college at the site of the recently decommissioned Fort Ord. With a name similar to the capital of Nuevo Leon, it is the setting for several novels by John Steinbeck, including Tortilla Flat and Cannery Row. For 10 points, name this city founded in 1770 by Gaspar de Portola, which in 1775 was proclaimed the capital of Alta California.

Answer: Monterey Bay

[Popular Culture: Recent Film]

It is ``the oldest confidence game on the books.'' A man claims to be a wealthy refugee, but he needs financial assistance retrieving his fortune from his home country and rescuing his beautiful sister, who is being held in captivity. In this modern version, Joe Ross has developed a valuable Process, but it is stolen from him and he is framed for murder. For 10 points, name this 1998 film written and directed by David Mamet.

Answer: The Spanish Prisoner

[Fine art: painting]

At the right, wearing a boatman's hat, is the Impressionist painter Gustave Caillebotte, who chats with the actress Ellen Andree. The man who gathered the group together, Baron Barbier, is shown in the background wearing a top hat. A model Angele sits drinking, while the painter's future wife, Aline Charigot, plays with a dog in the foreground. For ten points, name this 1881 painting by Renoir.

Answer: Luncheon of the Boating Party (Le Dejeuner des canotiers)

[Religion/mythology/general Knowledge]

A small, irregularly shaped satellite of Saturn between Titan and Iapetus; according to Hesiod's Theogony, Theia's mate and the father of Helios, Eos, and Selene; a romantic epic poem by Keats about the supersession of the Titans by the Olympians; and the 1990 Hugo Award-winning novel by Dan Simmons. For 10 points, give the common name.

Answer: Hyperion

[Literature: medieval scholaticism]

Born in 1079 in Brittany, this son of a knight sacrificed his inheritance and a possible military career in order to study philosophy and logic. He became famous in the world of medieval scholasticism for his solution to the problem of universals, use of dialectics, and poetry. For 10 points, identify this author of Historia calamitatum and Sic et Non, most famous for the unfortunate outcome of his ill-advised love affair with Heloise.

Answer: Peter Abelard

[General knowledge]

Carter was a conservative senator who opposed the New Deal and FDR's attempt to pack the Supreme Court. Ron played Detective Harris on ``Barney Miller.'' Stephen was recently fired from The New Republic for embellishing his articles with entirely fictional anecdotes. Philip is known for ``Einstein on the Beach,'' while Seymour is an important figure in stories by J.D. Salinger. For 10 points, give the common surname.

Answer: Glass

[History: 19th c.]

Its major provisions included the cession of five ports to the British for trade and residence, allowing British citizens to be tried in British courts, and payment of a large indemnity by China. For 10 points, identify this first of the ``Unequal Treaties,'' signed August 29, 1842, which ended the first Opium War between Britain and China.

Answer: Treaty of Nanking

[Current events]

His archenemy David Viderius, a.k.a. Dr. D. Vider, was cast out from the financial world for unprofessional conduct. His team, which includes Europa, Erik, Helen, Marcus, Lupo, and Pythagoras I, a computer who projects himself as the ancient Greek philosopher dipped in blue chrome, hold their headquarters at The Atomium. For ten points, name this hero who was created to promote European unity and the common currency.

Answer: Captain Euro (a.k.a. Ben Major)

[Science: biology/medicine]

The medical writings of Celsus around 25 A.D. detail their removal with sophisticated needle syringes. Nowadays they are removed by phacoemulsification, in which sound waves break up clumped proteins, or intracapsular surgery, which involves removal and replacement of the lens. Sometimes caused by galactosemia, rickets or diabetes, they usually simply result from age. For ten points name this term which refers to a partial or total opacity of the lens of the eye.

Answer: cataracts

[Geography: Russia]

It was incorporated into the principality of Moscow in 1392, and over the next two centuries it was a center for Ivan III's and Ivan IV's campaigns against the Tatars. Situated 400 km east of Moscow at the confluence of the Volga and the Oka rivers, it is one of the largest cities of Russia. The birthplace of the writer Maxim Gorky, the Soviet regime renamed the city after him in 1932, though its original name was restored in 1990. For 10 points, name this city.

Answer: Nizhny Novgorod
prompt on Gorky, but do not accept and do not prompt on Novgorod

[Social science: economics]

He defined the concepts of quasi-rent, dimensionless elasticity of demand, and consumer's surplus in his 1890 magnum opus Principles of Economics, which also popularized the use of supply and demand curves. For 10 points, name this influential Neoclassical economist, who was a professor of political economy at Cambridge from 1885-1908.

Answer: Alfred Marshall

[Literature: 19th c. American]

``Wise Uncle Venner, passing slowly from the ruinous porch, seemed to hear a strain of music, and fancied that sweet Alice Pyncheon--after witnessing these deeds, this by-gone woe, and this present happiness, of her kindred mortals--had given one farewell touch of a spirit's joy upon her harpsichord, as she floated heavenward from,'' for 10 points, what title structure in an 1851 novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne?

Answer: The House of the Seven Gables

[Pop culture/current events]

``I don't feel any shame. I feel stupid and I feel reckless and weak for having allowed my sexuality to be exposed this way. But I don't feel any shame whatsoever,'' he told CNN, after being arrested in Will Rogers State Park in Beverly Hills in April, 1998. He was fined $810 and ordered to perform 80 hours of community service after pleading no contest to committing a lewd act while alone in a public restroom. For 10 points, name this man, who evidently no longer wants your sex.

Answer: George Michael or Georgios Panayiotou