Date: Wed, 18 Jun 1997 07:26:16 -0700
From: David Matthew Levinson
1996 WIT 4 -- "Where's Gaius?"
Questions by Vanderbilt
1. His _A Philosophical Essay on Probability_ is famous for its
confident application of inverse probability methods, and his
_Celestial Mechanics_ established Newton's theory without a doubt.
A transformation important in differential equations and the del-
squared operator are named for him. FTP, name this scientist, who
had no need of the hypothesis of God.
Answer: Pierre-Simon, Marquis de _Laplace_
2. Proetus' wife Stheneboea tempted this man, but when he refused
he accused him of trying to seduce her. Proetus sent him to King
Iobates for punishment. After performing several labors, he
attempted to storm Olympus and became hated by the gods. FTP, name
this man, best known for taming Pegasus.
3. Its foundations can be found as early as the eleventh century
in Europe, and Fransico Suarez was one of its last great propo-
nents. Based largely on teachings of Aristotle, it attempted to
incorporate logic into theology and was taught in schools by the
Catholic Church. FTP, identify this school of philosophy, whose
famous followers include William of Ockham and St. Thomas Aquinas.
4. It was passed chiefly as a direct result of political
malpractices in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Maryland during the
elections of 1938. In 1940, an amendment to it was passed which
extended its scope to include state and local government workers
whose salaries were drawn from Federal funds. It prohibited use of
official authority or favor to
influence the outcome of Presidential or Congressional elections.
FTP, name this 1939 act which happens to share its name with a
senator from Utah.
Answer: _Hatch_ Act
5. The early influence of Schopenhauer, Wagner, and Nietzsche
strengthened his belief that ordinary life was insufficient for an
artist's inner needs, a belief reflected in his first novel. He
made extensive explorations into various mythologies, and his _The
Transposed Heads_ is based on an Indian legend. FTP, name this
German Nobel laureate, best known for _Mario and the Magician_,
_Buddenbrooks_ and _Death in Venice_.
Answer: Thomas _Mann_
6. Henry I of England died after overindulging himself in a dish
of these creatures. They breed in fresh water, and the young live
as larvae for about 5 years before migrating to the sea. Members
of family Petromyzontidae, they are generally slimy and have no
paired fins. FTP, name this fish which like the hagfish is a
jawless, blood-sucking parasite.
7. Surrounding rice fields were covered with 10 feet of volcanic
ash, and the large volume of volcanic material in the atmosphere
affected global climate. The huge Clark Air Force Base was
completely abandoned, while 343 were killed and 200,00 were left
homeless. FTP name this volcanic eruption of June 1991 on Luzon
Island, the Philippines.
Answer: Mount _Pinatubo_
8. A highlight of this opera is the first-act quartet "Mir ist so
wunderbar." The plot centers around a Spanish nobleman, Florestan,
who incurs the hatred of Don Pizarro, the Governor of the State
Prison. Its author originally wanted this opera to be titled
_Leonore_ after the title character, who disguises herself as a
man. FTP, name this 1806 opera by Ludwig von Beethoven.
9. By the time of the Great Potato Famine in the 1840's, the name
was evoked by agrarian insurgents in the counties of Cavan,
Longford, Donegal, and Tyrone. The name first cropped up in the US
in 1857 when a society of that name was said to be working for
Pennsylvania Democrats. FTP give the common name, most famously
identifying the society that was the instument of vengeance for
anthracite mine workers in Pennsylvania.
Answer: _Molly Maguires_
10. It was developed by Samuel Hahnemann in the late eighteenth
century and is often considered most effective in chronic cases.
Drugs are often used in only minute quantities in an attempt to
accelerate the symptoms of a disease, and thus accelerate healing.
FTP, identify this form of alternative medicine which states that
symptoms of a disease are evidence of the body's own curative
process in response to the disease.
Answer: _Homeopathy_ (Homeopathic Medicine)
11. In 451 they pressed through northern Italy and threatened to
invade Rome. While emperor Valentinian III was hiding in Ravenna,
Pope Leo I successfully negotiated peace, sparing Rome for at least
a little longer until the Vandals would sack it 4 years later.
FTP, identify this central Asiatic people who plundered the late
Roman Empire in the 5th century under Atilla.
12. They hold to a strict dietary regime, abstaining from such
foods as pork, milk, and coffee. Based largely on the ideals of
political activist Marcus Garvey, one of their most holy sacraments
is considered illegal in the United States. FTP, identify this
religion which views Haile Selassie as its messiah and is known for
its "ganga" and dreadlocks.
13. He was imprisoned and pilloried in 1702 for his _The Shortest
Way with Dissenters_, which satirized the Church of England by
ironically proposing that all nonconformist preachers be hanged.
He is the first author of ghost stories in modern English litera-
ture, producing stories such as "A True Relation of the Apparition
of One Mrs. Veal." FTP, name this author best known for _A Journal
of the Plague Year_ and _Robinson Crusoe_.
Answer: Daniel _Defoe_
14. This war began after the death of Augustus II, with France,
Spain, and Sardinia supporting Stanislaus I and Russia and Austria
backing Augustus III. The Treaty of Vienna, ratified in 1738, put
Augustus III on the throne and gave the provinces of Parma and
Piacenza to Austria. FTP, identify this war fought from 1733-38
which resolved the conflict over the monarchy of Poland.
Answer: War of the _Polish Succession_
15. He was born in Jersey City in 1929 and educated at Rutgers
University. Many of his early short stories were published in
_Galaxy_ magazine in 1952, but his first novel, _The Broken Place_,
was not published until 1968. FTP, identify this author most
famous for writing the novel used as the basis for the movie
_Gettysburg_, entitled _The Killer Angels_.
Answer: Michael _Shaara_
16. This solar phenomena is one of the rarest to be observed, as
it requires very specific atmospheric conditions and a sharp
horizon. As the last sliver of sun disappears over the horizon at
sunset, or as the first sliver of sun appears at sunrise, the
refraction of the light through the great stretch of atmosphere
will cause a brief flash of colored light. FTP, name this
phenomena, so named because of the color produced by it.
Answer: _Green Flash_
17. Written in heroic couplets, this poem is addressed to and was
inspired by Henry St. John, Lord Bolingbroke. It is divided into
four epistles dealing with man's relation to the universe, himself,
society, and happiness. Like Milton's _Paradise Lost_ it aims to
"vindicate the ways of God to man." FTP, name this deistic poem,
written by Alexander Pope.
Answer: An _Essay on Man_
18. Many of his later works were inspired by the intense religios-
ity of the Counter-Reformation, including his 1594's _Last Supper_.
Considered one of the most dynamic painters of the sixteenth
century, his obsession with action made many of his works appear to
be night scenes illuminated by flashes of light. FTP, identify
this artist of such works as _Saint Mark Freeing a Christian Slave_
and _Christ Before Pilate_ , whose real name was Jacopo Robusti and
whose nickname means "Little Dyer."
19. It has 12 levels, the lowest of which is undetectable by
humans. Originally invented in 1902, it was later redistributed in
the 1930s by an American, though modern technology has made it
obsolete. FTP, identify this scale still occasionally employed
when an insufficient number of seismographs are available, which
measures the intensity of earthquakes.
Answer: Modified _Mercalli_ Scale
20. The son of a Quaker corset maker, in 1792 he was made a French
citizen, but was imprisoned and stripped of his citizenship with
the fall of the Girondists. While in prison he began his work
which begins "I believe in one God, and no more; and I hope for
happiness beyond this life." FTP, name this Revolutionary War
progagandist, known for works such as _The Age of Reason_, _The
American Crisis_, and _Common Sense_.
Answer: Thomas _Paine_
21. He was born in 1857 in Hamburg and studied under Helmholtz and
Kirchoff at the University of Berlin. In 1885 he was awarded the
position of Professor of Physics at Kalsruhe, where he made his
most important discovery. FTP, identify this German physicist who
died of blood poisoning at age 36 and who in 1888 discovered radio
Answer: Heinrich _Hertz_
22. This Confederate soldier first made his mark in the Mexican
War, where he gained his first experience as a cavalry soldier.
Born in Alabama and raised in Kentucky, he gained prestige as one
of the most resourceful soldiers in the Confederacy when he and
several of his cavalry soldiers actually escaped from a prison by
the fanciful "tunnel dug with a spoon" method. FTP, name this
Confederate cavalrymen who escaped from a Federal penitentiary in
Columbus, Ohio after his unsuccessful raid of the North through
Answer: John Hunt _Morgan_
23. He was born at Stuttgart in 1770 and later studied at
Tubingen, where his contemporaries included Schelling and the poet
Holderlin. He later served as a tutor of philosophy in Jena, where
he assisted in editing the _Kritisches Journal Der Philosophie_, to
which he contributed his most famous work. FTP, identify this
German philosopher, a strong influence on Karl Marx and author of
_The Phenomenology of Spirit_.
Answer: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich _Hegel_
24. In 1823, poor health sent him to the Caucasus, where he studied
orchestration and harmony and first became interested in Russian
folk music. He composed orchestras such as _Kamarinskaya_ and
_Overture-Symphony on Russian Themes_. FTP, name this composer
better known for _A Life for a Czar_ and _Russlan and Ludmilla_.
Answer: Michael _Glinka_
1996 WIT 4: "Where's Gaius?"
Questions by Vanderbilt
1. FTP each, identify the following heretical factions of the
early Christian church.
1. This following believed that Christ was subordinate to God, and
therefore they were both the same yet separate. The Council of
Nicaea was convened to attempt to eradicate this group.
2. This faction taught that the validity of the sacraments was
based on the integrity of the individual rather than the church as
a whole. For this reason, they rejected the conversion of
Constantine and many of the bishops who had submitted to persecu-
tion during the reign of Diocletian.
3. They held the view that Christ had two distinct natures--human
and divine. They were led by the patriarch of Constantinople that
died circa 451 AD.
2. Many organic compounds are synthesized using reagents contain-
ing an inorganic atom. FTSNOP, identify the following reagents
common to organic synthesis.
1. FFP, identify the reagent containing magnesium and a halide
ion, often used to convert alkyl halides to alcohols or alkanes.
Answer: _Grignard_ Reagents
2. FTP, identify the reagent conatining copper and lithium used in
organometallic coupling, formed from an organolithium molecule and
a copper halide.
Answer: _Gilman_ Reagents
3. F15P, identify the metal present as a catalyst on a carbon base
which will force benzene to undergo hydrogenation in the presence
of hydrogen gas. This is the only metal known to force benzene to
undergo this reaction at atmospheric pressure.
4. Identify the author, 30-20-10-5.
30-- His _Century's Ebb_ was posthumously published in 1975 and
contains a clear self-portrait in the character of Jay Pignatelli.
20-- His service in WWI inspired his first book, _One Man's
Initiation-1917_, which featured his "newsreel" and cinematic
techniques of fiction.
10--He served in WWI in the Norton-Harjes Ambulance Service.
5--He authored the _U.S.A._ trilogy.
Answer: John Roderigo _Dos Passos_
5. Identify the following constellations FTP each.
1. This constellation contains "ground zero" on the celestial
sphere, where 0 hours right ascension meets the celestial equator.
2. The center of the Milky Way is in the direction of this
constellation, which explains the prominence of nebulae and other
deep-space objects. This constellation contains more Messier
objects than any other.
3. Due to procession, the alpha star in this small constellation
will replace Polaris as the north star in about 10,000 years.
6. FTP each, give the scientific names of these paranormal
occurrences or objects.
1. An object that materializes during a seance, having been
transported paranormally by a medium from a distant place.
2. The ability to cause objects to spontaneously burst into flame.
3. The study of mysterious animals that are unknown, supposedly
extinct, or found far from their natural habitat. The most popular
example is the supposed existence of crocodiles in the sewers of
New York City.
7. Identify the literary works given their protagonists FTP, for
five if you need the author.
1. 10 pts: Joe Christmas
5 pts: William Faulkner
Answer: _Light in August_
2. 10 pts: James Wait
5 pts: Joseph Conrad
Answer: _Nigger of the Narcissus_
3. 10 pts: Harry Haller
5 pts: Hermann Hesse
8. Answer these questions about Jason and the Argonauts for the
stated number of points.
1. 5 pts: The son of Calliope and Apollo, his singing helped the
Argonauts get past the Sirens.
2. 10 pts: To what land did they travel in search of the Golden
3. 15 pts: Name the blind old king in Salmydessus who whom the
Argonauts saved from punishment from the Harpies.
9. Identify the composers of the following lesser known works FTP
a. Prelude and Fugue in C Major
Johann Sebastien _Bach_
William Frederick _Handel_
c. String Serenade in E Major
10. Put the following events in the history of Italian unification
in chronological order from earliest to most recent FFP each. They
are: Cavour becomes prime minister of Sardinia, Garibaldi conquers
the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Victor Emmanuel II seizes Rome,
Charles Albert abdicates as king of Sardinia, the Kingdom of Italy
is proclaimed, and the Austro-Prussian War gives Italy control of
Answer: Charles Albert (1849), Cavour (1852), Garibaldi (1860),
kingdom of Italy (1861), Austro-Prussian War (1866), Rome seized (1870)
11. Identify these Racine works from clues FTP each.
1. Set in Epirus, the title character is loved by her captor,
Pyrrhus, whom she hates.
2. Purportedly based on actual events in Constantinople in 1608,
it depicts the imprisoned title character's pretense of love for
Roxane, who plans to free him and put him on the throne.
3. The title character falls in love with her stepson Hippolytus
and commits suicide, leaving a note that he tried to violate her.
12. Identify the following treaties from American history,
1. 5 pts: This treaty established provisions for supressing the
slave trade and settled the US-Canadian border in New England.
Answer: _Webster-Ashburton_ Treaty
2. 10 pts: It was also known as the Transcontinental Treaty and
forced Spain to give up claims to the Oregon Territory in exchange
for US recognition of its sovereignty over Texas.
Answer: _Adams-Onis_ Treaty
3. 15 pts: This 1903 treaty included a $10 million initial
payment and $250 thousand annuity for control of the Panama Canal
Zone, but the Colombian government refused to ratify it.
Answer: _Hay-Herran_ Treaty
13. I will describe a chemical law or principle and you give me
the name of it for the stated number of points.
1. 15 pts: The molar entropy of vaporization of all liquids is
Answer: _Trouton_'s rule
2. 10 pts: When electron's are added to orbitals of equal energy,
they will half-fill every orbital, with the spins remaining
parallel, before pairing in any orbital.
Answer: _Hund_'s rule
3. 5 pts: The product of indeterminancies of the position and the
momentum of an object must exceed (a constant/(4pi)).
Answer: _Heisenberg_'s Uncertainty principle
14. Answer the following concerning regional winds, 5-10-15.
1. 5 pts: This wind blows hot, dry air from the mountains of
Southern California towards the coastline.
Answer: _Santa Ana_ Wind
2. 10 pts: Known as the ghibli in Libya and Khamsia in Egypt, these
winds draw hot air from the Sahara north towards the Mediterranean.
3. 15 pts: This wind is associated with blizzard conditions and most
frequently occurs in Siberia and southern Russia.
Answer: _buran_ winds
15. Identify the Greek 30-20-10.
30) Brought by Pericles and taught by Socrates, he won a brilliant
victory for Athens in 410 at Cyzicus.
20) He was suspected of desecrating the Hermae and of other
profanities in Athens.
10) When recalled to trial, he escaped to Sparta, to whom he
offered valuable advice. He later returned to Athens and was
appointed general at Samos.
16. Answer these World Series-related questions, 15-5 on each one:
a) (15) Of the six national championships won by this college
basketball team (more than any other team except for UCLA),
five of them have occurred in the same year that the Yankees
have won the World Series. Game 4 hero Jim Leyritz of the
Yanks played baseball at this school.
(5) Just like the Yankees, 1978 had marked the last time that
this team had won the championship until this year rolled
ANS: Univ. of KENTUCKY
b) (15) Perhaps this election year will buck the trend of Yankee =
Series results coinciding with GOP wins in the presidential
election. That is, whenever the Yanks make it to the Series
during an election year, their ultimate victory or defeat
always seems to coincide with the election results for the
GOP. You have to go all the way back to this election year =
find one which didn't fit that pattern.
(5) In this year, the New York Giants went down in defeat to the
pinstripes a few weeks before the GOP's Alf Landon lost in
what was then the biggest popular landslide in election
17. Most of William Shakespeare's plays were based on other works.
For ten points each, given the source tell me the play he wrote
based on it.
1. Plautus' _Menaechmi_
Answer: The _Comedy of Errors_
2. The 1590 Thomas Lodge work _Rosalynde_
Answer: _As You Like It_
3. The main plot is taken from an anonymous play of the same name
and the subplot is taken from Ariosto's _I suppositi_
Answer: _The Taming of the Shrew_
18. Louis XIII through XVI ruled France for 183 straight years.
For ten points each, give me the familial relationship between:
1. Louis XIII and Louis XIV
Answer: _Father - Son_
2. Louis XIV and Louis XV
Answer: _Great Grandfather - Great Grandson_
3. Louis XV and Louis XVI
Answer: _Grandfather - Grandson_
19. Identify the following concerning acids, 5-10-15.
1. 5 pts: He first defined an acid as a compound willing to
accept a pair of electrons in a chemical reaction.
Answer: Gilbert _Lewis_
2. 10 pts: He developed the pH scale to describe the relative
strength of acids based on the concentration of hydrogen ions.
Answer: Soren _Sorenson_
3. 15 pts: A 50 percent solution of this element's fluoride in
hydrofluoric acid is presently the strongest acid known, with an
acidity function that indicates it to be over 1 trillion times as
strong as concentrated sulfuric acid.
20. Identify the Donizetti opera from characters.
1. Nemorino and Adina
Answer: _L'Elisir d'Amore_ or The _Elixir of Love_
2. Enrico Ashton and Raimondo
Answer: _Lucia di Lammermoor_
3. Baldassare, Leonora, and Fernando
Answer: _La Favorita_
21. When Clovis died in 511, he had conquered most of Gaul and
parts of northern Spain, making his kingdom one of the largest of
the day. In his will he left his kingdom to be divided among his
four sons, three of whom were by his wife and the other by a
concubine. Answer the following FTSNOP
a. First FTP, name the wife of Clovis who influenced his conver-
sion to Christianity and bore him three sons.
b. Now, FFP each, identify the 4 sons of king Clovis.
_Theuderic_, _Chlodomer_, _Childebert_, _Lothar_
22. Identify the following artists of the subject of David.
1. This artist sculpted a stone David in 1408 to be placed on the
buttress of Florence Cathedral; he later sculpted a bronze David
2. This man painted David with the severed head of Goliath on a
leather shield (c.1450-7)
Answer: Andrea del _Castagno_
3. This teacher of Leonardo sculpted a bronze David in the early
Answer: Andrea del _Verrocchio_
23. Identify the philosopher from clues, 30-20-10.
30: He led a peripatetic life and wrote a number of treatises,
including one on Brahma-sutra and one on one of the Vedas.
20: Born in Kerala in 788, he is considered the leader of the Hindu
revival in India after the Buddhist period.
10: His name is associated with the legendary magical stones found
in _Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom_.
24. Identify these characters from Charles Dickens' _Barnaby
Rudge_ for the stated number of points.
1. 5 pts: This pale, red-haired character dresses all in green
and carries a large raven with him.
Answer: Barnaby _Rudge_
2. 15 pts: Name the raven.
3. This is the employer murdered by Mr. Rudge on the night of
Answer: Mr. _Haredale_
25. Answer the following questions about the Nullification
Controversy of the early nineteenth century for the stated number
1. 5 pts: What South Carolina statesman's _Fort Hill Address_
reaffirmed and elaborated the doctrine of nullification?
Answer: John C. _Calhoun_
2. 10 pts: What 1833 bill empowered President Jackson to enforce
the revenue laws by the use of military force if necessary?
Answer: _Force Bill_
3. 15 pts: Give the official name of the 1832 Proclamation by
Jackson which argued that "Disunion by armed forces is treason."
Answer: _Proclamation to the People of South Carolina_
26. Mimicry is a biological phenomenon characterized by a
superficial resemblance of two or more organisms not related. I
will describe a kind of mimicry, and you give me the name, for ten
1. A form in which two or more unrelated noxious, or dangerous,
organisms exhibit similar warning systems.
2. This form of mimicry in which a harmless organism resembles a
noxious, or dangerous, organism that is equipped with a warning
3. A form of mimicry in which a predator resembles its prey, or a
parasite its host.
27. FTP each identify these philosophical works of Sir Francis
1. This first part of the unfinished _Instauratio Magna_ is
concerned with enlarging the scope of human knowledge; he presents
an Ockhamist view of religion--that faith and reason not encroach
upon each other.
Answer: _The Advancement of Learning_
2. This work presents the scientific method as an instrument of
Answer: _Novum Organum_
3. This Utopian fable contains the famous Bensalem institution for
scientific study: "Solomon's House."
Answer: _The New Atlantis_