Date: Wed, 18 Jun 1997 07:25:16 -0700
From: David Matthew Levinson
1996 W.I.T. 4: "Where's Gaius?"
Questions by Illinois
1. The author said that the best outline he made for this novel was
written on the back of a roll of wallpaper using his daughter's
crayons. The climax point he chose was the trial and execution of
Edgar Derby for stealing a teapot which Bernard O'Hare thought was
a strange idea considering that 100,000 people died when Dresden
was bombed. FTP, name this ~antiwar~ novel featuring Billy
Pilgrim, written by Kurt Vonnegut.
Answer: _Slaughter-House Five_, or The Children's Crusade: A Duty
Dance with Death
2. This man married Isabella of Hainault, the last direct
descentdant of the Carolingians, and gained Amiens through war
against the Count of Flanders. In an attempt to gain the use of the
Danish fleet, he agreed to marry Princess Ingeborg in 1193, but
something happened on their wedding night which he refused to talk
about and the next day he had the marriage annulled, thus losing
the fleet for his war against Richard the Lion-Hearted. FTP, name
this French Capetian king who had earlier gone on the Third Crusade
with Richard I, and was known as "Augustus".
Answer: _Philip II_ Accept on early buzz: _Philip Augustus_
3. Circuit satisfiability, 3 conjunctive normal form
satisfiability, the clique problem, vertex-covering, the subset-sum
problem, the hamiltonian-cycle problem, the subgraph-isomorphism
problem, and the traveling salesman problem are all, FTP, in what
complexity class of languages whose members can be verified by a
polynomial-time algorithm, but cannot not be solved in polynomial
Answer: _NP-complete_ or _nondeterministic polynomial time
4. He was serving in the Marine Corps when his helicopter went down
and he had to spend a year relearning how to walk. After a stint
on Wall Street, he taught history at the US Naval Academy before
returning to government service as acting Deputy Director of
Intelligence for the CIA. He then served as National Security
Advisor before moving up the government ladder again. FTP, name
this man who has just finished rebuilding his government after a
terrorist attack on Washington DC and is president of the US
according to Tom Clancy.
Answer: Jack _Ryan_
5. Two answers required. One was killed after making a sexual
advance to another prisoner, while the other made parole after 34
years and moved to Puerto Rico. Armand Deutsch was the intended
victim, but instead the beating with an iron chisel, disrobing,
disfiguration by hydrochloric acid and dumping in Wolf Lake
occurred to Bobby Franks. FTP, name these Chicago Nietzcheists who
were defended by Clarence Darrow.
Answer: Richard _Loeb_ and Nathan _Leopold_
6. This play takes place near a village on the coast of County Mayo
on two autumn days. The protagonist wins a mule race and is
promised marriage to Pegeen Mike, after being lionized by the
villagers for having confessed to killing his father. Christy Mahon
goes back with his father in the end, leaving Pegeen to grieve over
her loss. FTP, this is a description of what play by John
Answer: The _Playboy of the Western World_
7. The isotherm T equals zero and the isentrope S equals zero are
the same, at absolute zero the entropy of every perfectly
crystalline equilibrium compound is zero, the entropy of any
equilibrium system is zero for the state in which the partial of U
with respect to the partial of S at constant V is zero, and it is
impossible to attain absolute zero by any process with a finite
number of steps. FTP, these are different ways of stating which
law of thermodynamics proposed by Walthar Nernst.
Answer: _Third_ law of thermodynamics
8. In more bad news for President Yeltsin, an Afghan war hero and enemy
of Yeltsin has won a governorship in the Kirsk region over a Yeltsin ally.
He is no ordinary enemy, for in October 1993, this man -- then vice-
president -- led a coup attempt and failed. Freed from the jailhouse in
February 1994, what general, FTP, will now occupy a statehouse?
Answer: Alexander _Rutskoi_
9. Born in Fresno, this author left school at twelve to become a
telegraph messenger. His autobiographical works include _Here
Comes, There Goes You Know Who_, _Not Dying_ and _Short Drive,
Sweet Chariot_.After works like _Inhale and Exhale_ and _The
Trouble With Tigers_, he wrote a novel about a boy who delivered
telegrams during World War II. FTP, who is this author of _The
Human Comedy_, _The Time of Your Life_, and _The Daring Young Man
on the Flying Trapeze_?
Answer: William _Saroyan_
10. This naval officer was picked by James Cook as sailing master
of the _Resolution_ on his third voyage. At the battle of
Copenhagen he was given command of the _Glatton_, a ship directly
behind Admiral Nelson's, and assisted in the capture of the Dutch
flagship. As a reward he was appointed governor of New South
Wales, but was overthrown by John MacArthur's Rum Rebellion. FTP,
name this British naval officer who rose to the rank of Vice
Admiral of the Blue, even though he had lost his ship the _Bounty_
to a mutiny.
Answer: William _Bligh_
11. Always very forgetful, he would often leave a cafe without
paying his bill and at others times try to pay imaginary ones. A
great admirer of Chopin, he nicknamed his Opus 25, No. 1 etude the
"Aeolian Harp." His works include the _Poet's Love_ song cycle,
Davidsbundler Dances, Flower-Music, and the Abegg variations, named
after a dancing partner. FTP, name this German Romantic composer
of Carnaval and Papillons, who was married to Clara Wieck.
Answer: Robert _Schumann_
12. Proposed by Johann Bernoulli as a challenge problem to the
mathematicians of his day, solutions were soon found by Johann and
Jakob Bernoulli, Isaac Newton, Gottfried Leibniz and the Marquis de
L'Hopital to this problem of finding the curve along which a
particle will slide without friction in the minimum time from one
given point to another. FTP, name this problem whose answer is a
Answer: _Brachistochrone_ problem
13. While Lee preoccupied Grant in northern Virginia, Jubal Early's
Corps slipped into Maryland and turned towards Washington DC. He
was opposed by only 5,000 Union troops under this General who was
able to delay the invading Confederates long enough for Grant to
pull back and prevent the capture of the capital. His writings
include _The Wooing of Malkatoon_ and _The Life of Benjamin
Harrison_. FTP, name this Union general who also served as Governor
of New Mexico and Indiana and was the author of _Ben-Hur_.
Answer: Lew _Wallace_
14. Known as the 'Indomitable Rhinoceros', he studied under
Johannes Roscellinus and William of Champeaux, and wrote his most
famous work for such students as John of Salisbury and Peter
Lombard. The founder of the University of Paris, in his _The
History of My Calamities_, he tells of the other famous part of his
life in which he was castrated for fathering a child with one of
his students. FTP, name this 12th century French theologian who
wrote _Sic et Non_ and was the lover of Heloise.
Answer: Peter _Abelard_
15. Claiming descent from Achilles, he arrived at the head of four
ships fleeing from the Persian suppression of the Ionian revolt.
Immediately prosecuted for having ruled over Greek colonists as a
tyrant, he was acquitted through the influence of Themistocles and
was accepted for service against the invading Persians, even though
he had served under Darius in the past. FTP, name this man who
devised the Athenian strategy at the battle of Marathon.
16. Garcin is a coward who brought a mistress into his house and
who is shot 12 times in the chest, Inez is a 'damned bitch' who
sleeps with her married cousin and then is killed by his wife, and
Estelle drowns the baby she had during her affair with Roger. FTP,
these three people are all forced to live together in a Second
Empire style furnished room in hell in what play by Jean-Paul
Answer: _No Exit_ or _Huis Clos_
17. In 1896, this scientist was summoned to South Africa to study
rinderpest and other cattle plagues. Despite suffering from severe
myopia, his work on wounds, septicaemia, and splenic fever gained
him a seat on the Imperial Board of Health in 1880. Three years
later, he was the leader of a German expedition sent to Egypt and
India, and received a large gift for discovering the cholera
bacillus. FTP, who is this bacteriologist who won the 1905 Nobel
Prize in Medicine and developed a set of postulates for proving
that a particular microorganism is the cause of a disease?
Answer: Heinrich Hermann Robert _Koch_
18. This country has five main geographical regions: the Eastern
Province; the Nejd, a vast, barren plateau in the center; the Hejaz
and Asir along the Red Sea; and the Rub al-Khali occupying the
entire south and southeast. Its principal port is Jidda, while
most of its people adhere to the Wahhabi sect of Islam. FTP, name
this country, ruled since 1982 by King Fahd.
Answer: _Saudi Arabia_
19. When his 74-year old mother was accused of being a witch and
carried away in a laundry chest to a dungeon in Wurttemberg, he
investigated the charges and after proving most of them false, she
was allowed to go into exile and further trials based on so little
evidence were outlawed. In his 1596 _Mysterium Cosmographium_, he
conjectured that the distances from the Sun of the first six
planets could be related to the five regular solids of geometry.
FTP, name the German astronomer who in his _Astronomia Nova_ and
_Harmonica Mundi_ derived his the three laws of planetary motion.
Answer: Johannes _Kepler_
20. This American artist was actually born in Florence while his
wealthy parents were living abroad. He studied under the Parisian
Emile Carolus-Duran, producing early works like _Luxembourg Gardens
at Twilight_. While on a trip to Spain in 1879, he discovered the
works of Velasquez and painted the popular _El Jaleo_ (Ha-lay-oh).
FTP, who is this artist of works like _The Wyndham Sisters_ and a
scandalous portait of Judith Gatreau, or _Madame X_?
Answer: John Singer _Sargent_
21. This Baroque sculptor had a brooding introspective nature which
was the opposite of his contemporary easygoing rival Bernini. He
worked obsessively on the details for the tiniest objects,
rejecting many before finally settling on one, and then supervising
every aspect of their execution. FTP, name this sculptor and
architect responsible for such works as the interior and facade of
the churches of Sant'Ivo della Sapienza and San Carlo alle Quattro
Answer: Francesco _Borromini_ Borromini rules!
One of the most successful and influential members of the Utrecht
school, he went to Rome when he was about 20 and soon became very
successful with his night scenes. FTP, name this artist who
executed works for King Charles such as Charles I and Henrietta
Maria with Liberal Arts, for the decoration of Hampton court.
Answer: Gerard van _Honthorst_
The first man to climb Mount Kenya, this man served as first reader
in geography at Oxford for more than twenty years, was a Member of
Parliament from 1909 to 22 and was director of the London School of
Economics from 1904-8. FTP, name this Father of Geopolitics who
put forth his 'heartland theory' which said that north central
Eurasia would become the eventual center of the world's political
power in his work The Geographical Pivot of History.
Answer: Sir Halford John _MacKinder_
He considered freedom to be acting from self-determination
according to universally valid rational principles and viewed
history as a progression from The Oriental World where only the
despot is free, to The Greek World where non-slaves are free, to
The Germanic World where all are free. Both of these concepts are
just small part of his overall philosophical system known as
Absolute Idealism. FTP, name this German philosopher whose works
include _The Philosophy of Right_ and _The Phenomenology of the
Answer: Georg Friedrich Wilhelm _Hegel_
1996 Terrapin Invitational
Questions by Illinois
1. Answer the following questions about colloid science.
1. Including such examples as milk and mayonnaise, this is a stable
dispersion of one immiscible liquid in another liquid.
2. First suggested by Freundlich, this is the term for a substance
which will readily form a colloid when added to a solvent.
Hydrophilicity is a specific example pertaining to water.
Answer: _Lyophilic_ or _Lyophilicity_
3. Coming in cylindrical, bilayer and spherical forms, this is an
aggregation of molecules in which the molecule's hydrophobic ends
group together to form regions from which the solvent is excluded.
Answer: _Micelles_ or _Association colloids_
2. Identify the following French women writers from a description
for the stated number of points.
1. 5) She wrote about her fifty-year relationship with Sartre in
Adieux and about her affair with Algren in The Mandarins.
Answer: Simone de _Beauvoir_
2. 10) Sometimes called the 'pearl of pearls', the name which her
brother King Francis I called her, this Queen of Navarre is best
known for her work the Heptameron.
Answer: _Margaret [Marguerite] of Navarre_ or Margaret [Margue-
rite] de Valois_
3. 15) Her 1678 _Le Princesse de Cleves_, is considered the
first great French novel.
Answer: Marie de La Vergne, comtesse de _La Fayette_
3. Identify the military officer on a 30-20-10 basis.
30) Supervisor for the construction of the U.S. Navy's first
diesel ship engines, he finished his career as UN commissioner for
20) The chief of the Bureau of Navigation when World War Two
started, it was aboard his flagship, the USS Missouri, that the
peace treaty was signed.
10) On December 31, 1941, he succeeded Husband Kimmel as
commander-in-chief of the Pacific Fleet.
Answer: Admiral Chester _Nimitz_
4. Identify the man who has won the most Gold Gloves at each of the
following positions. Five points each and a bonus five for all
1. First base
Answer: Keith _Hernandez_
2. Third base
Answer: Brooks _Robinson_
Answer: Ozzie _Smith_
Answer: Johnny _Bench_
Answer: Jim _Kaat_
5. FTP each, given characters, name the Willa Cather work.
1. Alexandra Bergson, Carl Linstrum
Answer: _O Pioneers!_
2. Claude Wheeler
Answer: _One of Ours_
3. Jean Latour, Joseph Vaillant
Answer: _Death Comes for the Archbishop_
6. Identify the scientist on a 30-20-10 basis.
1. Thirty points. He was the first man to attempt to calculate the
age of the earth using the principle of uniformitarianism. He
considered the saltiness of the sea and assumed the oceans were
originally fresh water. Then by calculating how much salt the
rivers washed into the ocean each year he arrived at the age of the
earth as one billion years.
2. Twenty points. He discovered that stars move in space and are
not fixed in place, and then calculated the distance to Sirius by
assuming it to have the same luminosity as our sun.
3. Ten points. His famous comet appeared in the sky at Mark
Twain's birth and death.
Answer: Edmund _Halley
7. After the War of the Austrian Succession cavalry was essentially
divided into three different types. Identify them from a descrip-
1. Riding the largest type of horse, hence the name heavy cavalry,
this group was only meant to deliver charges, thus they usually
only carried swords. They received their name from the breast
armor they wore.
Answer: _Cuirassier_ or _Horse_ cavalry
2. Also known as the medium cavalry, this group received its name
from the type of musket it carried. Riding on smaller steeds than
the Cuirassiers, their job was to fight either on horseback or upon
3. Devised by the Hungarians and Croatians, this group also known
as the light cavalry was primarily responsible for harassing the
enemy while they were foraging and scouting.
8. Identify the composers of the following ballets FTP each.
1. The Creatures of Prometheus
Answer: Ludwig van _Beethoven_
2. The Firebird
Answer: Igor _Stravinsky_
Answer: Leo _Delibes_
9. Identify the Shakespeare play from quotes on a 30-20-10 basis.
30) "The tiger now hath seized the gentle hind; Insulting tyranny
begins to jut upon the innocent and aweless throne. Welcome
destruction, blood and massacre! I see, as in a map, the end of
20) "God and your arms be praised, victorious friends! The day is
ours; the bloody dog is dead."
10) "Now is the winter of our discontent made glorious summer by
this sun of York."
Answer: _Richard III_
10. In the late 1930's numerous scientists realized the
possibilities in a nuclear chain reaction. Three Hungarian
refugees feared that Germany would develop the bomb first and they
persuaded Albert Einstein to sign a letter urging President
Roosevelt to develop one first. For ten points each name these
three scientists whose letter galvanized the US effort.
Answer: Leo _Szilard_, Edward _Teller_ and Paul _Wigner_
11. Answer the following about the Dreyfus affair FTP each.
1. This military list used to indict Dreyfus with references to
artillery formation and the promised delivery of a firing manual
was known by what name?
2. Mathieu, Dreyfus' brother, determined that the bordereau was in
this man's handwriting. His guilt was uncovered but supressed by
the military. He was acquitted by a military tribunal.
Answer: Major Ferdinand Walsin-_Esterhazy_
3. Dreyfus' original sentence was life imprisonment. Where was
he sent to prison?
Answer: _Devil's Island_
12. Identify the ancient Greek artists of the following works FTP
3. Hermes with the Infant Dionysus
13. Identify the island on a 30-20-10 basis.
1. Thirty points. Separated from Navarino Island by the Beagle
Channel, its highest point is Mount Darwin and one of its two
capitals is Ushuaia.
2. Twenty points. Receiving its name from the fact that Magellan
saw many watchfires upon it when he sailed by, its other capital is
3. Ten points. This South American island is split between
Argentina and Chile.
Answer: _Tierra del Fuego_ [Land of Fire]
14. Identify the British writers of the following works on a 10-5
1. 10 pts: The Progress of the Soul
5 pts: Valediction: Forbidden Mourning
Answer: John _Donne_
2. 10 pts: _Rites of Passage_ and _The Brass Butterfly_
5 pts: _Lord of the Flies
Answer: William _Golding_
3. 10 pts: _The Ship of the Line_ and _Payment Deferred_
5 pts: Horatio Hornblower series
Answer: Cecil Scott _Forester_
15. Identify the disease caused by the following pathogens for the
stated number of points.
1. 5 pts: Clostridium botulinum.
2. 10 pts: Treponema pallidium.
3. 15 pts: Borrelia burgdorferi.
Answer: _Lyme's_ disease
16. Identify the president on a 30-20-10 basis.
1. Severely disappointed with his son George, when he announced
that at the end of his presidency he would be returning home to
take charge of his son's life, George drowned himself in Long
Island Sound so that his father would not learn of the illegitimate
child he had with a servant.
2. This man was also very bitter towards two of his grandsons,
John who was expelled from Harvard, and Charles who became a noted
statesman and scholar.
3. The only member of the family he was proud of was his son who
also became president.
Answer: _J_ohn _Adams_
17. Identify the parents of the following mythological figures for
five points each.
Answer: _Zeus_ and _Leto_
Answer: _Amphitryon_ and _Alcmena_
Answer: _Loki_ and _Angerboda_
18. Identify the American authors of the following works for ten
1. _The Confidence-Man: His Masquerade_ and _Israel Potter_
Answer: Herman _Melville_
2. "The Beast in the Jungle" and _Roderick Hudson_
Answer: Henry _James_
3. _Mildred Pierce_ and _Double Indemnity_
Answer: James _Cain_
19. Identify the patron saint on a 30-20-10 basis.
1. He is the patron saint of pawnbrokers because he gave three
golden balls to the daughters of a poor man so that they would not
have to earn their dowries by prostitution.
2. He is the patron saint of young boys because he supposedly
restored to life three little boys who had been cut up and pickled
in a salting tub to serve as bacon.
3. The patron saint of Greece, Sicily, and Russia, he became
associated with Christmas because of his benevolence.
Answer: Saint _Nicholas_
20. The Earth's geologic history is generally divided into three
eons. One extending from the present to 590 million years ago,
another back to 2.5 billion years ago and the final one which
covers the remaining time. Name them for ten points each.
Answer: _Phanerozoic_, _Proterozoic_ and _Archaean_ Eons
The world of financial derivatives has seen an explosion of growth
in the past ten years. Identify these types of options from a
1. For five points what type of option cannot be exercised before
the expiration date.
Answer: _European_ option
2. For five points what type of option can be exercised at any
point during the life of the option.
Answer: _American_ option
3. For ten points name the type of option whose final payoff is
based not on the underlying asset price at expiration but rather
the average asset price over the life of the option.
Answer: _Asian_ option
4. For ten points what is the name give to options that are
options contracts for other options.
Answer: _Compound_ options