Date: Wed, 18 Jun 1997 07:24:49 -0700
From: David Matthew Levinson
WIT 4: "Where's Gaius?"
Questions by BYU A
BYU A Tossups--
1. He ruled Si-Fan with an iron hand for 45 years, although as time
wore on, he was gradually transformed from a self-serving criminal
mastermind to a dedicated anti-communist, as the sentiments of his
author, Sax Rohmer changed. Thanks to dozens of radio shows and movie
serials, he is remembered today for his long fingernails and drooping
black mustache. FTP name this Mandarin master of crime.
ANSWER: _Fu Manchu_
2. This composer lived from 1681 to 1767, and was a remarkably
prolific, skillful, and forward-thinking German composer, one of the
foremost of his day, who wrote a great many sacred and secular vocal
works as well as orchestral, chamber, and keyboard music. A contemporary
of J.S. Bach and George Frederic Handel, he shared many of their musical
techniques and wrote for many of the same genres; and though his music
is overshadowed by
theirs, it has many charms. FTP name the composer of the Hamburg Tides,
a Suite in A for Flute & Strings, and the Paris Quartets.
ANSWER: Georg Philipp _Telemann_
3. This young French royalist was living with an aunt in Caen when it
became the center of a passionate federalist movement. In 1793 she
moved to Paris to work for the Girondin cause, and on July 13 secured an
interview with prominent newspaper editor Jean-Paul Marat and showed up
with a knife under her dress. FTP name the woman later guillotined for
ANSWER: Charlotte _Corday_
4. Born in Auxerre France and living from 1768 to 1830, this
mathematician, accompanied Napoleon to Egypt, and on his return was made
prefect of the department of Grenoble. He then took up his first
interest, applied mathematics, and while working on the flow of heat
discovered the equation for which it now bears his name, To solve it, he
showed that many functions of a single variable can be expanded in a
series of combinations of sines and cosines. FTP, name the man and you
will name the series that is named for him.
ANSWER: Jean Baptiste _Fourier_
5. Aeneas is warned of this "second Achilles", so-called because he
too was the son of a goddess. Originally betrothed to Lavinia, he
was supplanted by Aeneas and subsequently driven to become a
personification of furor by Juno in her hatred for the Trojans.
FTP, who was this Rutulian prince who as Aeneas' rival was slain
in the final lines of the _Aeneid_?
6. His screen debut came in 1939 when he shared the first scene of
_Gone With the Wind_ with Vivian Leigh; 20 years later he was dead of a
gunshot wound to the head. The coroner ruled his death a suicide, but
his TV co-stars Noel Neill, who played Lois, and Jack Larson, who played
Jimmy, later visited the crime scene and said they suspected murder.
FTP name the actor best known for portraying a "mild-mannered reporter."
ANSWER: George _Reeves_
7. Although it's spelled the same as a word meaning "wide open," it's
actually a Greek word first used to describe a charitable meal held for
the poor, and later came to refer more generally to all forms of
Christian charity. FTP identify this Biblical term for Christian love.
8. "Idiot. Above her head was the only stable place in the cosmos, the
only refuge from the damnation of the panta rei ... A moment later the
couple went off...both oblivious
of the awesomeness of their encounter -- their first and last encounter
-- with the One, the Ein-Sof, the Ineffable." The preceding fragment
concerns a couple in a museum looking up at a device whose behavior
proves that the earth rotates. The Umberto Eco novel from
which this fragment was taken, has a title which is eponymous with said
device. FTP, name the novel.
ANSWER: _Foucault's Pendulum_
9. This actress was born on December 8, the same day that John Lennon
died, was once a San Francisco 49ers cheerleader, starred in "The Big
Picture" and Soapdish, will star in "Heaven's Prisoners," and appeared
on Seinfeld in a now-famous episode. FTP, name this actress, whose
image is reported to be downloaded the most often on the Internet,
female star of Lois and Clark.
ANSWER: Teri _Hatcher_
10. Born in Messkirch, Germany, and living from 1889 to 1976, this
philosopher became professor of philosophy at Marburg and Freiburg, when
he was retired for his connections with the Nazi regime. In his
incomplete main work, he presents an exhaustive ontological
classification of 'being'. Though often
termed an existentialist, he denied the
distinction since he was concerned with the ontological problem in general.
FTP name this man, whose incomplete main work is titled Sein und Zeit or
Being and Time.
ANSWER: Martin _Heidegger_
11. This French-American designed New York's Federal Hall, where
Congress met, in 1787, but he had been dead for 75 years when his
detailed city plans were pulled out of mothballs and used as the basis
for the development of modern Washington, D.C., after having been
shelved 110 years earlier. FTP name this Revolutionary War hero and
early American engineer and architect.
ANSWER: Pierre Charles _L'Enfant_
12. He recently told _Newsweek_ that he's planning a major lawsuit
against the U.S.government if he can prove that crack cocaine was first
introduced into African-American neighborhoods by the CIA. He has just
returned from a controversial world tour that
included Libya, Iran and Iraq. FTP, name this religious leader, who gave the
keynote speech at the Million Man March.
ANSWER: Louis _Farrakhan_
13. It began as an amateur rugby championship, but in 1935 it became a
strictly professional affair and was won by the Winnipeg Blue Bombers.
In years since, it's been won by teams like the Edmonton Eskimos, the
Ottawa Rough Riders and last season's first-ever American winners, the
Baltimore Stallions. FTP name the trophy awarded to the champions of
ANSWER The _Grey Cup_
14. A group of eight annual and perennial weeding flowering plant
species of the spurge family, a series of manned space flights conducted
by the U.S. from 1961-1963, a theater formed in 1937 by Orson Welles and
John Houseman, and a Roman god of merchandise and merchants all share,
FTP, what name?
15. Following both Husserl and Heidegger this philosopher used the
phenomenological method to defend his central thesis that human beings
are essentially free, free to choose (though not free not to choose) and
free to negate the given features of the world. He claimed that the heart of
existentialism is not gloom or hopelessness, but a renewed confidence in
the significance of being human. FTP, name this twentieth century
philosopher whose perhaps most famous work is Huis Clos or in English,
ANSWER: Jean Paul _Sartre_
16. First coined by Martin Esslin, this class of literature consists of
a pessimistic view of humanity struggling vainly to find a purpose and
to control its fate. There is little dramatic action: however
frantically the characters perform, their business serves to underscore
the fact that nothing happens to change their existence . Language in
such works is full of cliches, puns, repetitions, and non sequitur. FTP
name this movement whose main figures include Jean Genet, Arthur Adamov,
Harold Pinter, Eugene Ionesco, and Samuel Beckett.
ANSWER: _Theater of the Absurd_
17. As an adjective its first syllable is accented. As a verb, its
last syllable is accented. In botany, referring to a flower, it means
having all four types of a whorl. In music it means absolute, as in
pitch. In math it denotes a number that is the sum of its proper divisors. In
grammar it denotes a completed action or event in the past. FTP what is
18. He appears in Moliere's _La Festin de Pierre_, in Merimee's _Les
Ames du Purgatoire_, and in George Bernard Shaw's _Man and Superman_.
It is also the name of a Richard Strauss tone poem and a work by Byron.
FTP name this character first given literary popularity in _El burlador
de Sevilla_ by Tirso de Molina.
ANSWER: _Don Juan_
19. Half-woman and half-serpent, her parents were either the sea
deities Phorcys and Ceto or Chrysaor (son of Medusa) and Callirrhoe
(daughter of Oceanus). Her progeny included the dragons of the Golden
Fleece, the Hydra, the goatlike Chimera, the infernal hounds Orthus and
Cerberus, the Sphinx, and the Nemean lion. FTP name this monster of
Greek mythology who
shares a name with an Australian egg-laying mammal.
20. This naturalist was a major precursor to Darwin. He provided a method
for the origin of new species based on the laws of use and disuse of
organs. This was expanded into his law of acquired characteristics. FTP,
name this naturalist, whose theories have since been discredited.
ANSWER: Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoinette de Monet de _LAMARCK_
21. Farmers know that alternating their regular crops with years of
planting soybeans, alfalfa, and other legumes replenishes nitrogen in
the soil and keeps their land fertile. FTP name the genus of bacteria
responsible for nitrogen fixation that is found in the roots of many
ANSWER: _Rhizobium_ or _rhizobacter_
22. Author of as many as 1800 plays, this dramatist mastered the
comedy, the historical drama, and the cloak and sword plays. He
considered the "pundonor" (poon-dohn-OHR) or point of honor, to be the
greatest theme of all. Cervantes called him "the prodigy of nature"
since this playwright was reported to have written an average of 20
sheets a day. FTP name this
Spanish Golden Age dramatist, author of _Fuenteovejuna_.
ANSWER: _Lope de Vega_
23. Concerning its aftermath, John Adams said, "I desire no other
inscription over my gravestone than: 'Here lies John Adams, who took
upon himself the responsibility of the peace with France in the year
1800.'" Adams had sent a diplomatic mission to France to arrange a
treaty. There the diplomats were visited by three agents of the French
Talleyrand. These agents, asked for a bribe of $240,000. When news of
this incident reached America, it caused an uproar and led to an
undeclared war between the United States and France, which supposed
conflict Adams helped to resolved and peace was achieved by the
Convention of 1800. FTP give the name that is usually given to the
incident that caused this uproar.
ANSWER: _XYZ_ Affair
24. This composer was a bold experimenter in harmony and a master of
orchestration who introduced new effects, especially in the choruses of
his "operas" of his day. Some of his compositions include "Les Indes
Galantes," "Castor & Pollux," and "Dardanus." This composer lived from
(1683 - 1764) and was a French theoretician who synthesized the current
rules of harmonic practice and suggested others in "New System of
Musical Theory" and "Treatise on Harmony."
ANSWER: Jean-Philippe _Rameau_
25. This 1962 Nobel Prize in Literature recipient's first novel _Cup of
Gold_ was not greeted with overwhelming public acclaim. It wasn't until
_Tortilla Flat_ hit the shelves that people began talking about this
author. FTP name this man famous for his novels such as _East of
Eden_, _Of Mice and Men_, and _The Grapes of Wrath_.
ANSWER: John _Steinbeck_
BYU A Boni--
1. (30) It seems like each week, a new beta for a Internet browser
appears at shareware.com. Answer the following questions concerning this
browser war mostly between Netscape and Microsoft.
FTP Give the name of the programming language that helps to power
FTP Tell what company owns the rights to Java, home of the JavaSoft
ANSWER: _Sun_ Microsystems
For a final ten points give the name of the rival language that
Microsoft used in Internet Explorer 3.0, considered to be a direct
attack against Java, Microsoft's architecture for writing small,
interactive applications that run over the Net or with desktop
2. (30) Given a part of a T.S. Eliot work, name the work.
For five points, "Here we go round the prickly pear at five o'clock in
ANSWER: _The Hollow Men_
FTP "Here I am, an old man in a dry month, being read to by a boy,
waiting for rain."
And lastly, for fifteen points "Words move, music moves only in time;
but that which is only living can only die. Words after speech, reach
into the silence."
ANSWER: _Burnt Norton_
3. If a state has voted Democratic in 5 or more of the last 7 presidential
elections, we call it Democratic. If it has voted Republican in 5 or more
of the last 7, we call it Republican. Otherwise, we call it split.
Classify the following states on that basis F5PE.
a. Vermont REPUBLICAN
b. Texas REPUBLICAN
c. Connecticut SPLIT
d. West Virginia DEMOCRAT
e. Virginia REPUBLICAN
f. Maryland DEMOCRAT
4. (30) Name the composer 30-20-10.
30--In 1829, He conducted the first performance of _St.
Matthew's Passion_ since Bach's death, thus inaugurating the
Bach revival of the 19th and 20th centuries.
20--Although German, his main reputation was made in England.
His Third, or Scottish, Symphony is dedicated to Queen Victoria.
10--The tradition of playing his "Wedding March" from _A
Midsummer Night's Dream_ comes from a
performance of the piece at the wedding of the British Princess Royal.
ANSWER: Felix _Mendelssohn_ Bartholdy
5. (30) This question should be elementary for Sherlock Holmes
fans--FTP apiece identify the characters from the Sherlock Holmes mythos
from the description given.
A. Called by Holmes, "the second most dangerous man in London."
this former big-game hunter was Professor Moriarty's chief of staff.
ANSWER: Colonel Sebastian _Moran_
B. She was Holmes and Watson's landlady at 221B Baker Street
ANSWER: _Mrs. Hudson_
C. Described by Watson as "little, sallow, rat-faced and
dark-eyed," he was Holmes' Scotland Yard liaison.
6. (30) A few weeks ago before a Monday Night Football game, a current
NFL assistant coach and former NFL head coach and college coach, while
giving an autograph, accidentally gave away the first fifteen or so
plays that were scripted for the upcoming game. The plays ended up at
the Green Bay Packers' main offices, but it is not known how much the
plays were used by the Packers. After those fifteen plays, the Packers'
opponents were up 17-6, so the script must not have helped too much.
FTP name the coach who gave away the plays.
FTP name the backup quarterback of Walsh's team, which quarterback has
been described as "in the building" by many announcers.
ANSWER: Elvis _Grbac_
Along the lines of trick plays, this college team pretended to have
twelve men on the field and had teammates yell at the supposed twelfth
player to run off the field. No one on the defensive team covered the
supposed twelfth man and when the ball was snapped he was wide
open to catch the pass that was thrown to him. FTP name the team.
7. The 1996 Nobel Peace prize honors two men who have worked to resist
the oppression of the rulers of their homeland, despite general silence
from the rest of the world. For the stated number of points, answer
a. (15) Name the two 1996 Nobel Peace Prize winners (5 points for one)
ANSWER: Monsignor Carlos Filipe Ximenos BELO and Jose RAMOS-HORTA
b. (5) The plight of what oppressed homeland are Belo and Ramos-Horta
working to publicize?
ANSWER: EAST TIMOR
c. (5) What nation violently annexed East Timor?
d. (5) In what year did Indonesia invade?
8. (30) FTP apiece, identify the legal terms, taken from Latin, given
the following clues:
A. A finding that a defendant is mentally competent to stand
ANSWER: _Compos mentis_
B. Any object upon which a crime has been committed, especially
in a murder trial.
ANSWER: _Corpus delicti_
C. A defendant's statement that the charges in a case will not
ANSWER: _Nolo contendere_
9. It's time, once again, for Travels with Gaius! After these
misadventures, Gaius has given up on ever seeing Rome. Now he just
wants to find a witch who can teleport him back to the 20th century.
Since he is already in Greece, he is going to take after the examples in
"The Golden Ass" and go to Thessaly. Answer the following for the
stated number of points:
a. (10) In what province north of Achaea will Gaius be once he reaches
b. (5) On his way to Thessaly, Gaius stops to consult what famous oracle
dedicated to Apollo?
c. (15) The Oracle's advice was for Gaius to be initiated in the
Eleusinian (el-you-SIN-ee-en) mysteries. For 15 points, to what major
city will Gaius have to journey to do this?
10. (30) Given the description of the following well-known 20th
paintings, give the name of the painting for 5 points and the artist for
another 5 points.
A. A small American flag, superimposed on a larger American
flag, superimposed on an even larger American flag.
ANSWER: _Three Flags_ by Jasper _Johns_
B. Three somber customers seen through the plate-glass window
of a lonely all-night diner.
ANSWER: _Nighthawks_ by Edward _Hopper_
C. Three watch faces melt on the corner of a tabletop and over
a tree branch.
ANSWER: _The Persistence of Memory_ by Salvador _Dali_
11. Although Maine is a small and remote state, it has produced some
important politicians. Identify the following Maine senators on a 10/5
a. (10) Carter's secretary of state, 1979-81.
(5) He was also the 1968 Democratic VP candidate.
ANSWER: Edwin MUSKIE
b. (10) Republican senator who opposed McCarthy in a heroic early stand.
(5) She was the first woman senator from Maine.
ANSWER: MARGARET CHASE SMITH
c. (10) This Democrat's seat is now occupied by a woman Republican.
(5) He retired as Senate Majority Leader in 1995.
ANSWER: George MITCHELL
12. (30) The Oscars seem to love actors who play military officers.
Given an actor and the name of the character for which he/she was
nominated, name the movie FTSNOP.
A. (5) Louis Gossett, Jr. won an academy award for playing Sgt.
Emil Foly in this movie.
ANSWER: _An Officer and a Gentleman_
B. (10) Robert Duvall was nominated for a supporting actor Oscar for
playing Lt. Colonel Kilgore in this war movie.
ANSWER: _Apocalypse Nov_
C. (15) Eileen Brennan was nominated for a supporting actress Oscar
for playing Captain Doreen Lewis in this film.
ANSWER: _Private Benjamin_
13. (30) Many of the screen's most classic moments of horror were
directed by Alfred Hitchcock. FTP apiece identify the film given a
gripping scene it contains.
A. Farley Granger grapples with Robert Walker on a
merry-go-round whirling out of control.
ANSWER: _Strangers on a Train_
B. Martin Balsam is stabbed and topples down a flight of
C. Martin Landau steps on Cary Grant's fingers, almost causing
him to plummet to his death.
ANSWER: _North by Northwest_
14. (30) Answer the following questions about the heart, for the
stated number of points:
A. For five points each, to what do the two numbers of a blood
ANSWER: _Systole_ or _Systolic_ and _Diastole_ or
B. For ten points each, name the two nodes that are essential
for the pumping of the heart.
ANSWER: _AV_ or _atrioventricular_ and _SA_ or
15. (30) Given a description, name the South American wars, F15P each.
A. Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia, causing Bolivia to become
ANSWER: War of the _Pacific_
B. This war pitted Paraguay against Uruguay, Argentina,
and Brazil and resulted in the near destruction of Paraguay.
ANSWER: The War of the _Triple Alliance_ or the
16. (30) Name the museum given some of its works FTP each.
A. _Children's Games_ and _Tower of Babel_ by Brueghel,
_Carrying of the Cross_ by Bosch, _Adoration of the Trinity_ by Durer.
ANSWER: _Kunsthistorisches_ Museum, Vienna
B. _Marriage a la Mode_ by Hogarth, _Crossing the Brook_ by
ANSWER: The _Tate Gallery_, London
C. _Les Demoiselles d'Avingon_ by Picasso, _The Persistence of
Memory_ by Dali
ANSWER: The _Museum of Modern Art_ or _MOMA_, New York
17. (30) Name the following famous dogs FTP each.
A. Eskimo dog that led a dog team with diphtheria serum 600
miles through a blizzard from Nemanito to Nome, Alaska in 1925.
B. Bob Dole's schnauzer.
C. Bill Sykes' dog in Dickens' _Oliver Twist_
18. (30) Given a definition from College Algebra, name the described
conic section, for ten points each.
A. This conic section is the set of all points, the sum of whose
distance from two distinct fixed points is constant.
B. This conic section is the set of all points that are equidistant
from a fixed line and a fixed point.
C. This conic section is the set of all points, the difference of
whose distances from two distinct points is constant.
19. (30) Identify the scientist 30-20-10
30--Shared the 1965 Nobel Prize for Physics with Julian
Schwinger and Tomonaga Shinichiro for reinventing quantum
20--Wrote a best-selling autobiography recounting his love for
bongo-playing and his days cracking safes at the high-security Los
Alamos nuclear test site.
10--As a Caltech professor, he gained fame in 1986 for dropping
a rubber O-ring into ice water on national television to help explain
why the Challenger exploded.
ANSWER: Richard _Feynman_
20. (30) Given the following British monarchs, for 5 points apiece
name the royal house to which they belonged.
A. Edward I
B. Charles I
C. George I
D. Elizabeth I
E. William I
ANSWER: _Normandy_ or _Norman_
F: James I
21. (30) From the description name the French diacritical symbol FTP each.
A. An upward-right-pointing accent.
ANSWER: Accent _Acute_
B. An upward-left-pointing accent.
ANSWER: Accent _Grave_
C. A carat or arrow over a letter.
22. (30) Do not adjust your TV set: those were actual Yankee
pinstripes in this year's World Series.
For 5 points who did the Yankee's defeat in this year's series?
ANSWER: The Atlanta _Braves_
FTP, in what year did the Yanks last appear in a World Series?
And for 15 more points, which team defeated the Yankees lose to
in that '81 series?
ANSWER: The Los Angeles _Dodgers_
23. (30) "I am sending you my Sonata in B-flat Opus 106 as a present on
your birthday." This statement was written by a composer to his sister,
also considered a composer by some. The male composer wrote four to six
sonatas for piano depending on how one counts, though the sonatas are
now seldom heard and recorded.
FTP name the male composer, who also composed Songs Without Words,
which songs are often ironically given words for titles.
ANSWER: Felix _Mendelssohn_
Also, FTP give the name of the male composer's sister.
ANSWER: _Fanny_ Mendelssohn
For a final ten points, to whose Sonata, which shares the same
key, B-flat, and opus number, 106, written several years before was
Mendelssohn paying homage, which composer died in 1827, the year
Mendelssohn's sonata was completed.
ANSWER: Ludwig van _Beethoven_