These are what tossup questions at tournament generally look like. 
(All of these were written in 1995 or 1996 by Tim Young.)

1. Originally  founded by French Hugenots and called Fort Caroline,
   it was renamed in 1822, after the first American territorial governor
   of Florida. Despite a 1901 fire, it became a tourist town, railroad hub
   and finance center, built on both sides of the Saint John River. Its 
   current city limits that extend over 2,000 square miles. FTP identify 
   this city, contiguous with Duval County in Florida and home to the 
   NFL's Jaguars. 
A: _Jacksonville_, Florida

2. The title refers to an address given to a makeshift prison camp on the
   outskirts of the German city of Dresden. The protagonist is one of 
   the few in the city that survives the Allied firebombing. And so it goes.
   As a result of the hero's abduction by aliens from the planet Tralfamadore,
   he gains a new perspective on life, death, and time. FTP identify this 
   Kurt Vonnegut classic, given the alternative title "The Children's Crusade," 
   in which Billy Pilgrim becomes "unstuck in time." 
A:  _"Slaughterhouse Five_"

3. Part poetry, part prose, they contain allegories and passages for 
   meditation as well as the first known references to karma and the 
   transmigration of souls.  Concerning the nature of reality, they 
   include the Isa, Kena, Katha, and Prasna, and are the first known 
   philosophical writings in Sanskrit. FTP identify these Hindu texts,
   part of the Vedas.
A: The _Upanishads_ or  _Vedanta_ (prompt if "Vedas" or  are given)

4. A U.S. District judge in nothern Illinois, he leivied a fine of over
   $29 million against Standard Oil Of Indiana for illegal rebates in 
   1907. Like many of his other decisions, it was overturned on appeal.
   But soon after the bribery scandals revolving around baseball in 1919,
   he was brought in to restore integrity of the game. FTP, name this 
   famous first baseball commissioner. 
A: Judge Kenessaw Mountain _Landis_

5. Its melting point, 29.7 degrees Celsius, is very low for a metal. Its
   most common oxidation number is +3. To most this metal remains obscure 
   since it is not common, has no known biological function and is only 
   useful in ultrapure form as a semiconductor. FTP this element with the
   atomic number 31, named by its discoverer in 1875 after the Latin name
   for his native country, France. 
A: _Gallium_

6. He was a child actor, playing an usher in the concert sequence of "A 
   Hard Day's Night." He first made his mark on the music world as a 
   drummer, joining the band he's usually associated with in 1971. In 1975
   he was promoted to front man and began making his own records starting 
   with "Face Value" in 1979. Now also known as a producer for such artists
   as Eric Clapton, he's decided to leave Genesis for good. FTP identify 
   this musician, whose solo hits have included "Against All Odds" and 
   "Another Day In Paradise." 
A: Phil _Collins_

7. Born in extreme poverty in 1913, he became a journalist, writing reports
   on the condition of  Arabs in his native Algeria. After emigrating to 
   France, he was until his untimely 1960 death the leading non- Marxist 
   liberal among French intellectuals. He wrote essays and plays, but is
   most famous for his novels. FTP, name this author of "The Rebel," "The
   Plague" and "The Stranger."
A: Albert _Camus_

8. It developed in Africa because people who have one gene for this genetic
   disorder are resistant to malaria. But unfortunate individuals with two
   recessive genes often have problems because polymers stick to defective
   hemoglobin molecules, causing them to bend. FTP identify this genetic
   disorder, named for the abnormal shape of their red blood cells. 
A: _Sickle Cell_ Disease or Anemia

9. Easels partially covering windows with an uninterrupted image, men 
   falling from the sky like raindrops, and tubas on fire, were some of his
   trademarks. This 20th century artist specialized in humor and in images
   that test one's ability to explain them rationally, flouting traditional
   rules of perspective. FTP identify this surrealist Belgian painter, famous
   for his series on "The Human Condition." 
A: Rene _Magritte_

10.  He's probably better known now for his nutty commericals and for his 
     character roles in such films as "Apocolypse Now", "Hoosiers", "True
     Romance" and most recently "Waterworld." But he first burst onto the 
     scene with a 1969 film he made for $400,000. FTP, identify this director
     of "Easy Rider."
A: Dennis _Hopper_

11. In "The High Price of Bullion, a Proof of the Depreciaition of Bank
    Notes," he argued for a strong currecny based on metal. His most 
    important work is 1817's "Principles of Political Economy and Taxation."
    FTP name this economist best known for his "Iron Law of Wages." 
A: David _Ricardo_

12. One, the Younger, is famous for supporting Pompey and the Senate against
    Caesar during the period of the First Triumvirate. The other, the Elder, 
    is famous for dislike of Hellenic influence in Rome and ending his Senate 
    speeches with "Carthage must be destroyed." For ten points, idenitfy the 
    common name of this pair, after whom a Libertarian think tank is named. 
A: _Cato_

These are what bonus questions at tournament generally look like. 
(All of these were written in 1995 or 1996 by Tim Young.)

(25 points)
1. And now for a bonus on one-hit wonders of the '80s. 
   Given a song, name the artist or group. 

"(I Just) Died In Your Arms Tonight"		A: _Cutting Crew_
"I Ran"						A: _A Flock Of Seagulls_
"Tainted Love"					A: _Soft Cell_
"Maniac"						A: Michael _Sembello_
"Turning Japanese"				A: _The Vapors_

(25 points)
2. Place these English kings in their proper order of when they ruled, 
   five points for each one in the proper order.: 
 Edward II, Henry III, Henry IV, William II, Richard II
	A: _William II_, _Henry III_, _Edward II_, _Richard II_, _Henry IV_

(30 points)
3. Identify these tariff bills in American history, FTP each. 
This tariff was signed by President Hoover and raised tariffs to their highest
in history. We learned about it in "Ferris Bueller's Day Off." 
 A: _Smoot-Hawley_ or _Hawley-Smoot_ Tariff
This tariff passed during the Cleveland administration was notable for 
containing the first peacetime federal income tax. It was ruled unconstitutional. 
A: _Wilson-Gorman_ Tariff
This tariff, passed by Woodrow Wilson, first the first time since Wilson-Gorman,
lowered tariff rates. 
A: _Underwood_ Tariff

(30 points)
4. (30-20-10) Name the playwright from a list of works. 
30 : "Joe Turner's Come and Gone," "Jitney"
20 : "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom," "Seven Guitars"
10 : "Fences," "The Piano Lesson"
A: August _Wilson_

(30 points)
5. For 10 points each, identify these terms associated with Islam. 
 a. It is the Arabic term for the pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca.
       A: _Hajj_
 b.  This term means "struggle" and is used by some militant Muslims
     to justify wars against non-believers. 
       A: _Jihad_
 c. This term, translated as "straight path," refers to the legal aspects
    of Muslim beliefs and is used as a general term for Islamic law.
      A: _Shari'a_

(30 points)
6.  Given a brief description, name the Charles Dickens novel
    for ten points each. 
a. This novel features the bizarre Peggotty family, the notorious
    Uriah Heep as well as Mr. Wickfield and his daughter Agnes. 
	A: _David Copperfield_
b. In this 1854 novel, famous for its scathing critique of 
   utilitarianism, Thomas Gradgrind forces his daughter to marry 
   Josiah Bounderby in order to protect his son. 
	A:  _Hard Times_
c. This novel, Dickens' first, is set up as a picaresque in which 
   the naviete of the title character clashes with the corruption 
   of English society. 
	A: _The Pickwick Papers_ 

(25 points)
7. Given the deficiency disease, identify the vitamin or mineral, 5 points each. 
pellagra			A: _niacin_
goiter			A: _iodine_
rickets			A: _vitamin D_
beriberi			A: vitamin B-1 or _thiamin_
scurvy     A: _vitamin C_

(30 points)
8. 30-20-10-5 Identify the author. 
30: "Critique of Dialectical Reason" and his autobiography "The Words"
20: The novel "Nausea" and the short story collection "Intimacy."
10: The plays "Dirty Hands" and the philosophical tract "Being and Nothingness"
5: The play "No Exit"
 A: Jean-Paul _Sartre_

(30 points)
9. Given a Biblical figure, identify its parents, five points per correct parent. 
Joseph : A: _Jacob_ and _Rachel_
Jacob :  A: _Isaac_ and _Rebecca_
Isaac :     A: _Abraham_ and _Sarah_

(25 points)
10.  a.Everyone knows the name Colorado Rockies now refers to a baseball team. But there was also a hockey team with name who moved to a different city and took a different name. For 10 pts. , what are the former Colorado Rockies now called?
A : New Jersey _Devils_
     b. And now for 15 points, by what name did the hockey Colrado Rockies go by when they were in Kansas City, before moving to Denver?
A: Kansas City _Scouts_

(30 points)
11.  Given the fomer Soviet republic, name the capital, 10 points each.
 a. Tadzhikstan    A:  _Dushanbe_
 b.  Armenia       A:  _Yerevan_ 
 c.  Uzbekistan		  A: _Tashkent_

* Don't even think about trying to use these for anything, or else you will be locked in a room for the three days while "Barbie Girl" by Aqua is played over and over again.
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