- A Guggenheim fellow during one point of his career, his collections
include Angle of Geese and Other Poems, and The Gourd
Dancer. Now teaching at the University of Arizona, one of his
better known works depicts the 18th century migration of the Kiowa to
the Great Plains. For 10 points--name this Stanford educated author of
The Way To Rainy Mountain, who also won a Pulitzer Prize for his
story of a Native American World War II veteran, House Made of
answer: N(avarre) Scott Momaday
- The first to be developed were red, green ones came later, and, in the
1980's they first started appearing in blue. Their basic structure
consists of a die and a lead frame which are surrounded by epoxy. The dies
of the first commercially successful ones made use of gallium, arsenic,
and phosphorus. They are essentially p-n junction semiconductors that
luminesce when current passes through them. For 10 points--name these
devices that are commonly used to indicate if something is on or off.
answer: Light Emitting Diodes
- Around 10,000 to 12,000 years ago, this species suffered a drastic
near-extinction; its population fell to as low as ten--or perhaps even
two--individuals. As a result, its members are all very closely
related, which may limit their ability to survive changing conditions.
They are fairly shy for predators, probably due to their small size,
which is offset by their enlarged nasal passages, powerful limbs, and
strangely supple spine, which combine to give--for 10 points--what big
cat incredible speeds of up to 65 miles per hour?
- One of the most linguistically diverse areas in the world, the name
of this group of mountains is thought to be derived from Hittite. There
are two ranges--the Greater and the Lesser--and their highest peak is
Mount Elbrus, and the Greeks believed that both Prometheus and the
Golden Fleece were located within them. For 10 points--name these
mountains which have traditionally been part of the southern line
dividing Europe from Asia.
- It developed independently in Europe and in Meso-America. The
Meso-American kind is first found after A.D. 1000 and contains
pictographs and ideograms. Its development in Europe is tied to
production of long Christian texts and increased availability of
parchment, and it replaced papyrus scrolls as early as the fourth
century A.D. For 10 points--name this type of manuscript which was the
first to consist of written pages stitched together on one side.
- He enrolled at the age of fifteen at the University of Chicago,
where he studied mathematics and philosophy, graduating in 1956. He
went on to Juilliard to study composition, and studied under Nadia
Boulanger in Paris. While there, he met Ravi Shankar who was to have a
major effect on his music. For 10 points--name this composer of
monotonous and repetitive music who is famous for such works as
Akhnaten, Satyaghara, and Einstein on the Beach.
answer: Phillip Glass
- Most languages have at least three, but some dialects of Berber may
have only one. Back ones tend to be rounded and front ones unrounded,
and you can't have a diphthong without one. Usually accompanied by
voicing, they result when the flow of air from the lungs through the
mouth is relatively unobstructed. For 10 points--name these speech
sounds, represented in English spelling sometimes with "y" but more
often with "a", "e", "i", "o", and "u".
- In this work, the composer withholds the timpani until the fourth
movement, identifying them solely with the representation of thunder.
In addition to its common name, the author inscribed "Or a Remembrance
of Life in the Countryside" when he submitted it for printing. It was
also called the Characteristic Symphony before its first performance in
1808. For 10 points--name this work, opus 68 by Ludwig von Beethoven.
answer: Pastoral Symphony or Symphony no. 6 in F major
- In this novel, the firm Films Par Excellence, headed by
Joseph Bloeckman, makes a movie out of The Demon Lover, the
first novel of Dick Caramel, a friend of the protagonist. The main
character's wife, the former Gloria Gilbert, later attends a screentest
with Bloeckman in an effort to relieve the economic problems she and
her husband have faced since his grandfather Adam, a prohibitionist,
wrote him out of his will. For 10 points--name this novel dealing with the
downfall of Anthony Patch, the second novel of F. Scott Fitzgerald.
answer: The Beautiful and Damned
- One piece of American legislation by this name was passed in 1918.
It included a provision banning the display of foreign flags, and was
one of two acts whose constitutionality was examined in the case
Schenck v. U.S. An earlier act bearing this name led to the arrest of
newspaper editor Thomas Cooper for his support of the Republican Party,
but was repealed in 1801 thanks in part to the Kentucky and Virginia
Resolutions. For 10 points--name this 1798 act which, along with three
Alien Acts, raised sentiment against President John Adams.
answer: Sedition Act
- Begun as an antidote to its author's boredom while he was living in
Tolouse, it addresses the struggle between passion and impartiality,
much like its author's previous work, The Theory of Moral
Sentiments. Book III identifies the four main stages of social
organization, corresponding to hunting, pastoralism, feudalism, and
commercial interdependence, and argues that, since the feudal stage is
no more, institutions such as guild-determined wages and
government-constrained enterprise should be eliminated. For 10
points--name this book, which proposes replacing mercantilist
institutions by an invisible hand, written by Adam Smith.
answer: An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth
- Notable modifications to this musical instrument have been made by
Heinrich Band and the French manufacturer Busson. It was invented in
the 1820s by either Friedrich Buschmann, who called his instrument the
Handaoline, or Cyril Demian. It can have a range of up to eight
octaves, and the "double-action" variety often makes use of couplers
which activate extra sets of free reeds inside the casing. For 10
points--name this relative of the concertina, a staple of polka and
tango which uses a hand-operated bellows.
- 581 of them are alive at the novel's end, down from an initial count
of 1001, at which point they are all sterilized and sperectomized--drained
of all hope. Each has a miraculous gift, such as time travel, the ability
to change gender at will, or, as in the case of the narrator, telepathy.
The narrator lives in fear of being murdered by the man with whom he was
switched at their August 15, 1947 birth. For 10 points--name this Booker
Prize-winning novel by Salman Rushdie.
answer: Midnight's Children
- Respect for this principle is the root of such customs as not
eating or drinking after dark, and the principle must be respected more
strongly by those who have taken the mahavrata rather than the
anuvrata. Developed by a man who wandered around naked and
meditated for 12 years during the sixth century B.C.E., it was extended
into the political sphere as satyagraha by Gandhi in the early
20th century. For 10 points--name this principle of non-injury toward
all living substances, the fundamental ethical virtue of Jainism.
- This man's name is associated with a formula which states that the
differential cross section is proportional to the fourth power of the
cosecant of half the scattering angle for scattering from a repulsive
inverse-square law force. He derived that formula in order to explain
the results of an experiment done by two of his students, Marsden and
Geiger, in 1911, involving gold foil and alpha particles. For 10
points--name this New Zealand-born physicist credited with the
discovery of the nucleus.
answer: Ernest Rutherford
- This show won an Emmy in 1977, and its British born host won an
Emmy a year later for his work on the show. It debuted on July 12, 1976
on ABC, and the first question asked was "Name a famous George." It has
also appeared on CBS and in syndication, and its most recent run
started in September with its third host. A good answer will earn you
10 points--but no fast money--for naming this Mark Goodson game show
now hosted by comedian Louie Anderson.
answer: Family Feud (prompt on "The Feud")
- He was a national hero, so he was sent back to his home country for
burial; unfortunately, there was no refrigeration at the time, so his
body was stuck in a cask of brandy. His uncle opined that his head
would be knocked off by a cannonball the first time he went into
action. Indeed, he was often hurt, losing an eye at Calvi in 1794 and
his arm below the elbow in 1797. For 10 points--what British admiral
was successful in battles such as St. Vincent, Copenhagen, the Nile,
and, of course, Trafalgar, where he was killed?
answer: Lord Horatio Nelson
- On December 29, 1998, in a game against Texas, this team collected not
a single offensive rebound--and yet they won the game, with the final nail
in the coffin being a three-pointer by Gabe Lewullis. Lewullis also made
the most important shot in this school's recent history, a backdoor layup
that provided the final points in a 43-41 victory over defending champion
UCLA in the first round of the 1996 NCAA tourney. For 10 points--name this
team now coached by Bill Carmody, a perennial Ivy League power.
answer: Princeton Tigers
- His analyses of Wittgenstein's Tractatus-Logico-Philosophicus were
considered brilliant. His papers on taxation and saving are still
fundamental reading in economics. His contribution to math consisted of
only one eight-page paper, but the theorem contained within has kept
mathematicians busy for decades. And this student of Russell at Cambridge
did all of this before dying at age 26 in 1930. For 10 points--name this
man, whose contribution to combinatorics lay in generalizing the "party
problem": that among six people, there will be either three mutual friends
or three mutual enemies.
answer: Frank Plumpton Ramsey
- They originated during the reign of caliph al-Mutasim, and their
most successful leaders included Baybars I and al-Malik an-Nasir. Their
decline began with the accession of the Circassian sultan Barquq in
1382. Although they were conquered by the Ottomans in 1517, they
retained important positions in the military and by the end of the 18th
century held virtual control over the government. For 10 points--name
this class of slave soldiers finally put down by Muhammad Ali in 1811.
- Assuming that a satellite has both zero tensile strength and the
same density as its primary, this value is approximately 2.4 times the
radius of the primary. In general, this is defined to be the minimum
distance at which a satellite can remain in equilibrium under the
influence of both its own gravity and that of its primary; if a
satellite strays inside, it might break apart. For 10 points--name
this limiting distance, a violation of which may have formed Saturn's
answer: Roche limit
- This fan of the Boston Red Sox was also a specialist in comparative
literature. He taught at Princeton for a couple of years before moving
on to Yale, where he would eventually become the youngest man to hold
the office of university president. Though he has now been dead for ten
years, his name has reappeared in the news with the resurfacing of a
scandal during the World Series. For 10 points--name this commissioner
of Major League Baseball who ruled that a lifetime ban be imposed on
answer: A(ngelo) Bartlett Giamatti
- To our knowledge, Jackson Pollock never went by the name "Cody,"
nor did Edouard Manet ever go by "Paris"; however this Italian baroque
painter took his professional name from the Lombardy hill town where he
was born. Originally born Michelangelo Merisi in 1573, perhaps this
mannerist expert of genre paintings had reason to be shifty, as he was
often arrested and imprisioned, and was even charged for murder in
1606. For 10 points--name this painter whose works include The
Flagellation of Christ and The Calling of Saint Matthew.
answer: Caravaggio (accept Merisi before his name is