Terrier Tussle 8: February 6, 1999.
Round 12: Questions by University of Wisconsin
1. This Greek was the author of the Hellenica, in which he extended Thucydides' [thoo-SID-did-EES] history up to 362 BCE; he also wrote an Apology on the death of Socrates. He is better known as a (*) military leader who served in an army under Cyrus the Younger at the Battle of Cunaxa. For 10 points-name this native Athenian who described leading those Greek mercenaries, the Ten Thousand, back home through hostile territory in his great work, the Anabasis (ah-NAH-bah-sis).
answer: Xenophon [ZEH-no-fon]
2. The figure in the denominator is at-bats. To calculate the figure in the numerator, add the number of singles to (*) twice the number of doubles, thrice the number of triples, and four times the number of home runs. For a power hitter, the ratio should be above .500 ["five hundred"]. For 10 points-what baseball statistic is this?
answer: slugging percentage or slugging average
(DO NOT PROMPT on "average")
3. His work is best seen in the museum in Haarlem named for him. Often commissioned for "corporation pictures" such as "Banquet of the Officers of the St. George Militia", he received a pension from the town of Haarlem which allowed him to paint two masterpieces: "The Governor of the (*) Almshouse" and "Lady Regents of the Almshouse." For 10 points-name this 17th-century Dutchman, best known for "Archers of St. George," "The Merry Drinker" and "The Laughing Cavalier."
answer: Frans Hals (HALLS)
4. Their parent compound, para-amino-benzoic acid, was synthesized in 1908, but it was 1932 before German chemist Gerhard Domagk [DOE-mach] discovered the synthetic dye Protonsil had antagonistic properties against a wide range of (*) bacteria, leading to this class of compounds, whose discovery promoted the antagonist theory of drug interaction. For 10 points-name this class, still used to fight urinary tract infections and leprosy, which inhibit the creation of para-amino-benzoic acid and thus block the ability of bacteria to synthesize folic acid.
answer: sulfa drugs
5. Its name derives from the rabbinical term for Jews who maintain the highest standard of (*) religious observance and moral action. Its groups gather around a "zaddik," who serves as an intermediary to God, and it stresses purity of heart as more pleasing to God than learning. It was thus declared heretical by Talmudists in 1772. For 10 points-name this Jewish religious branch founded by Baal-shem-tov in 18th Century Poland.
6. Knighted in 1931, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1933. He had worked for a generous peace after World War I, then attacked the British Conservative Party for tolerating aggression in Italy and Japan in his 1938 work (*) Peace with the Dictators? For 10 points-name this author and statesman who argued that common national economic interests make war futile in his famous book "The Great Illusion."
answer: Sir Ralph Norman Angell Lane
7. A Belgian priest, a witch, her son Ferdinand, and a white intellectual named Raymond all inhabit the small town with Salim, a store merchant. When the country is taken over by a demagogue called The (*) Big Man, Salim loses his store to Citizen Theotine and cracks appear in the veneer of civilization. For 10 points-name this short story by V.S. Naipul [NAY-pool], which supposedly takes place along a crooked stretch of the Congo.
answer: A Bend in the River
8. It also includes Bruny, the Hunter Islands, the Furneaux [fur-NO] Group, King Island and Macquarie [muh-KWER-ee] Island. The only city besides the capital with a population over 50,000 is Launceston, and (*) Great Lake is its largest lake. For 10 points-name this former area of New South Wales, an independent colony of Australia since 1854 with its capital at Hobart.
9. "At first we thought it was a joke," said Zeev Margalit about plans involving this body of water. The Israeli National Parks Authority has approved plans for a (*) submerged bridge that would allow tourists to duplicate a feat of Jesus, walking on water. For 10 points-name this sea near Capernaum.
answer: Sea of Galilee
10. His philosophy saw will, rather than mind, as the fundamental principle of existence. A successor of Kant in the idealist school, he was a well-known opponent of the (*) dialectic and Hegel in Berlin. For 10 points-name this pessimistic German philosopher, the author of The World as Will and Idea.
answer: Arthur Schopenhauer [SHOW-pen-HOUR]
11. He shares the byname Pandit with his siblings, and one of his sisters, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit [vee-JYE-yah LOCK-shmee pandit], was the first woman president of the UN General Assembly. An advocate of (*) non-violence and neutrality in foreign affairs, he used much force internally as prime minister, particularly in seizing Goa from the Portugal. For 10 points-name this man, father of an Indian prime minister and the first one himself.
answer: Jawaharlal Nehru
12. Pophyry (poe-FEAR-ee), pumice (PUH-miss), feldspar, basalt (BAH-salt), (*) obsidian (ob-SIHD-dee-uhn) and granite are all formed from the solidification of molten matter from the earth's interior. They are thus, for 10 points, which of the three major types of rock, formed from the crystallization of magma?
13. Aristotle modeled his Poetics after this Greek playwright, one of the great masters of (*) tragedy. Of this author's plays, only seven survive intact. For 10 points-name this author whose works include Ajax, Antigone [an-TIG-oh-nee], and Oedipus Rex.
[mod. be vigilant about the power point: The inevitable buzzer race will be just barely after the mark.]
14. Born in 1849 in Kustrin, Brandenburg, this German admiral was responsible for transforming the German (*) navy from a coastal defense force into a navy that could rival Britain's. For 10 points-name this admiral who is considered the administrative father of the modern German navy and who eventually had the Bismarck's sister ship named after him.
answer: Alfred von Tirpitz
15. His piano works include the Abegg Variations, Carnival, Kreisleriana [KRYE-sler-ee-AH-na], and Scenes of Childhood. He eventually became mentally unstable and threw himself into the (*) Rhine River in 1854 but survived to die in a mental asylum in 1856. For 10 points-name this German who also composed the Spring and Rhenish Symphonies.
answer: Robert Schumann
16. The only person ever to hold a patent on a chemical element, he chaired the Atomic (*) Energy Commission from 1961 to 1971 and is the only living person who has his name in any way attached to an element. For 10 points-name this 1951 Nobel Prize winner for chemistry, best known for discovering several trans-uranium elements.
answer: Dr. Glenn Theodore Seaborg
17. From his store, "The Store", in New York, this sculptor sold food and other items reproduced in plaster, which would eventually lead to (*) Pop Art. He used diverse objects, such as ice cubes and cars, to portray a theme or idea. He would abandon "hard" sculpture for "soft" stuffed representations in which a sculpture was interpreted through vinyl, canvas, and other textured materials. For 10 points-name this sculptor, who was one of the initiators of the Happening movement of the 1960's.
answer: Claes [CLAUS] Oldenburg
18. When a magnetic field from an external source is applied to this device, which consists of two superconducting copper loops kept at low temperatures, the (*) wavelength of one copper loop is increased while the other decreases. This quantum mechanical phenomenon allows physicists to measure even extremely small changes in the magnetic field. For 10 points-name these devices that study neuron activity and search for gravity waves, but should not be confused with a tentacled sea creature.
answer: squids or superconducting quantum interference devices
19. Born in North Carolina, he later moved to Texas, where he worked for a bank and then as a newspaper editor. After being charged with (*) embezzlement, he fled the country, only to return to spend three years in a Ohio prison. He moved to New York after his 1902 release, where he died of alcoholism. For 10 points-name this short story writer who delighted readers with his trick endings and whose most famous work is "The Gift of the Magi".
answer: O. Henry, or William Sydney Porter
20. It was developed in the 1960s by several computer manufacturers and the Department of (*) Defense. The attempt to save space on punchcards written in this language helped give rise to the Y2K bug. For 10 points-name this language, most commonly used in private enterprise and government administrations.
answer: Common Business-Oriented Language or COBOL
21. Born and raised in Boston, she often watched her prominent father work in the (*) courtroom. She had no interest in law, but she entered Harvard Law School to pursue her childhood love, Billy Thomas. She graduated and eventually joined a firm with Billy and a greedy, former classmate named Richard Fish. For 10 points-name this spunky TV lawyer played by Calista Flockhart.
answer: Ally McBeal
[Have she and Willy Jay ever been seen in the same room?]
22. Upon entering the Jesuit novitiate [no-FISH-he-ate] in 1868, he burned his youthful verse, vowing "to write no more, as not belonging to my profession." Encouraged by his superior in Wales, he eventually wrote "Carrion Comfort." Most of his works were published posthumously by his friend Robert (*) Bridges, including "Pied Beauty," "God's Grandeur" and "The Windhover." For 10 points-name this poet, whose most famous work may be "The Wreck of the Deutschland."
answer: Gerard Manley Hopkins
23. The chemical name of this drug is Sildenafil Citrate [SIH-trate]. Originally researched to treat (*) angina [an-JINE-uh] pectoris, its early tests revealed that it actually increased blood flow to an area other than the heart. For 10 points-name this "wonder drug" endorsed by Bob Dole to treat impotence.
24. Some of the characters appearing in this musical include J.P. Morgan, Henry Ford, Booker T. Washington and Harry Houdini, in addition to foreign immigrants, the blacks of (*) Harlem, and the "middle-class" of New Rochelle. The lead character is Coalhouse Walker Jr., a man so inspired by the music of Scott Joplin that he took up music. For 10 points-name this Tony-award-winning musical based on a novel by E.L. Doctorow whose name was derived from the music of Walker and Joplin.
25. Lorenzen Wright had a career year for this team in 1998, but Keith Closs and Stojko Vrankovic [STOY-ko VRAN-ko-vits] are roster-filler and Rodney Rogers is too small to play center. A 7-footer from the University of the (*) Pacific may help turn this troubled franchise around. For 10 points-name the inferior of the NBA's two franchises in the City of Angels.
answer: Los Angeles Clippers
26. If only Harold Hill could see it now. This home of the Jackson Five was named in 1998 the most (*) dangerous city in America. For 10 points-name this Indiana steel city on Lake Michigan, just across the state line from Chicago.
[WARN anybody who sings.]
27. Though chairman of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee from 1966-68, he was considered very militant, and moved on to the Black (*) Panthers for a year before breaking with them over the issue of alliance with militant whites. He moved to Guinea in 1969 and became a great force for Pan-Africanism. For 10 points-name this originator of the slogan "Black Power," who did not live to see a united socialist Africa, dying of prostate cancer on November 16, 1998.
answer: Stokely Carmichael or Kwame Ture (TOO-ray)
28. A Cambridge, Ohio native, he received a BS in engineering at Muskingum College, where he was the backup center on the football team. As a marine (*) aviator, he flew over 150 missions in World War Two and Korea. He has also been an executive with RC Cola and a four-term US Senator. For 10 points-name this Mercury Seven astronaut who returned to space late last year on the shuttle Discovery.
answer: John Glenn