Terrier Tussle 8: February 6, 1999.
Round 9: Questions by MIT Bubbles (Dom Ricci et al)
1. Originally the Golliwogs, this quartet was later split by such internal strife that only one member performed at its 1993 induction to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The band hailed from (*) El Cerrito, California, not the deep South, despite such songs as "Midnight Special" and "Born on the Bayou." For 10 points-what band fronted by John Fogerty may be best known for its version of "Proud Mary"?
answer: Creedence Clearwater Revival
2. Not only is she abandoned by the man she helped, but he later marries her sister Phaedra [FAY-dra]. In some versions, the god Dionysus rescues her from the island of Naxos. The daughter of Pasiphae [PA-si-fay] and (*) Minos, she is also half-sister to the Minotaur. For 10 points-name this princess of Crete who helps Theseus escape the Labyrinth.
3. It is neither octopus nor squid, but all species of this marine cephalopod of the order Sepioidea [se-pi-OY-dee-a] have eight arms with two longer tentacles used to capture prey. It is a dietary supplement for domesticated (*) birds, who get nourishment from its thick, internal calcified shell. For 10 points-name this animal which, despite the sound of its name, does not snuggle well.
4. Originally a junior branch of the League for Industrial Democracy, Al Haber was elected its president in 1960. Two years later, Haber issued the Port Huron Statement with Tom (*) Hayden. After organizing a march on Washington in 1965, it rapidly became militant, especially about the drafting of students. For 10 points-what parent organization of the Weatherman had its greatest following in Berkeley, California?
answer: Students for a Democratic Society
5. While on missionary work in Latin America, he was nearly tricked into rising from the dead. Through his efforts, the famous French criminal (*) Flambeau [flam-BOW] reformed and took to the side of the law. First appearing in The Blue Cross-for 10 points-who was this commonplace priest and amateur sleuth created by G.K. Chesterton?
answer: Father Brown
6. Located at an elevation of 11,024 feet in the Huatanay [WA-ta-nay] River valley, the name of this city came from the (*) Quechua Indian for "navel". Founded around 1100 by Manco Capac, it was occupied in November of 1533 by the forces of Francisco Pizarro. For 10 points-what was this capital city of the Incan Empire?
7. In 1829, Lord William Bretinck banned this practice in British India, although it continued for several decades in Tibet. Its name was Sanskrit for (*) "devoted wife" and it was limited to women who had no underage children. For 10 points-what was this practice in which a widow would immolate herself on her husband's funeral pyre?
answer: Suttee [soo-TEE]
(do not accept "chastity belt")
8. It began in 1912 as Maiastra [may-A-stra], a miraculous bird in Romanian popular legends, and was made of (*) marble. It was followed by 28 other versions, but after 1919 the artist switched media and titles. During the 1920s, it became a cause celebre when U.S. customs refused to admit this bronze work duty-free as art. For 10 points-name this abstract avian sculpture by Constantin Brancusi.
answer: Bird In Space
9. A youth and a maiden grow up together and deeply love one another, until envious angels cause the woman to die after catching a (*) chill at night. The tie between their souls is so great, however, that the man chooses to sleep next to her every night in her tomb. This takes place in "a kingdom by the sea" in-for 10 points-what poem by Edgar Allan Poe?
answer: Annabel Lee
10. Elements that differ slightly in this property form covalent (*) bonds, while those that differ greatly form ionic compounds. On the scale created by Linus Pauling, cesium has the lowest value while fluorine has the highest. For 10 points-what is this ability of an atom to attract itself to an electron pair in a chemical bond?
11. He was a fugitive in Botswana and South Africa last year before he was recaptured and sentenced to 10 years in prison for sodomy. In 1987, Robert (*) Mugabe [moo-GAH-bay] replaced him as president of Zimbabwe. For 10 points-what political figure shares his first name with a Biblical promised land and his second with a curved yellow fruit?
answer: Canaan Banana
12. Returning from World War I epileptic and deaf in one ear, this man won two E-R-A titles with the Chicago (*) Cubs. Between 1915 and 1917, he won 94 games for the Philadelphia Phillies. He had 373 career wins and was played by Ronald Reagan in The Winning Team. For 10 points-identify the pitcher who was portrayed in film by one president and named for another.
answer: Grover Cleveland Alexander
13. Marcus Lepidus was the last non-imperial to occupy this office, holding it from 43 BC to his death. Nearly four centuries later, the Emperor Gratian omitted its mention from his title in deference to the (*) Christian Church. For 10 points-what was this political office and chief priesthood of the Roman state religion?
answer: Pontifex Maximus
(accept "pontiff" but do not prompt on "pope")
14. Though popularized by the British engineer Oliver Heaviside, it was discovered over a hundred years earlier in France. It comes in two flavors, unilateral and bilateral. It is equal to the (*) integral over t of the function times e to the negative s t. For 10 points-name this transformation that converts differential equations to algebraic ones.
answer: Laplace transformation
15. This dogma was incorporated into the documents of the Council of Trent as a statement of Christ's (*) Real Presence. In the 1965 encyclical Mysterium fidei, Pope Paul VI ["the Sixth"] retained it in response to some theologians who emphasized it as change of meaning rather than of essence. For 10 points-what is this process by which the substance of the Eucharist becomes Christ's body and blood?
16. This book may have influenced John F. Kennedy's handling of the Cuban missile crisis. The winner of the 1963 (*) Pulitzer Prize for nonfiction, its first chapter describes the funeral of Edward VII ["the Seventh"] as a lead-in to character profiles of world leaders like Kaiser Wilhelm II ["the Second"]. For 10 points-what Barbara Tuchman book chronicles the first 30 days of World War One?
answer: The Guns of August
17. In his 1916 sociology work Mind and Society, he put forth the theory of the circulation of elites. Early in his career, he claimed that the distribution of wealth and income in all societies adhered to a pattern. Later on, he pioneered the use of (*) indifference curves. For 10 points-what Italian economist laid the foundation of welfare economics with his "optimality"?
answer: Vilfredo Pareto
18. The business of charting was started by James Cook when his ship ran aground here. Today, study continues at a lab on (*) Heron Island. Boring has demonstrated that it is at least as old as the Miocene Epoch, about 10 million years ago. It covers about 80,000 square miles. For 10 points-name this popular tourist destination in the Land Down Under.
answer: The Great Barrier Reef
19. Asymmetrical design was the rule. Light pastels, ivory white and gold were the predominant colors, and decorators frequently used mirrors. Standard decoration techniques included interlacing C and S curves, (*) shell forms and other natural shapes. For 10 points-name this style that derives its name for the French word for shell-covered rockwork, rocaille [ro-KYE].
20. David Sams won a victory against "the big guys" by refusing to remove a web site he named and created for his 2 year-old (*) daughter. He was threatened with a trademark infringement lawsuit by Archie Comic Publications, because the domain name is also that of one of their characters. Sams's daughter shares her name with that of-for 10 points-what brunette friend of Archie, Jughead, and Betty?
21. The title of this novel comes from Thomas Gray's Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard. It follows the farmer Gabriel (*) Oak as he pursues the beautiful Bathsheba Everdene through two failed relationships with the adventurous Sergeant Troy and his neighbor William Boldwood. For 10 points-name this 1874 novel by Thomas Hardy.
answer: Far From the Madding Crowd
22. It occurs when the referee stops play for a minor rules infringement. No more than three players may be in the (*) front line. A player from the nonoffending team puts the ball between the opposing forwards in the tunnel. The hooker, the center man in the front row, is responsible for obtaining the ball for his side. For 10 points-name the packed formation from the sport of rugby.
23. UHF and VHF detectors cannot measure this region accurately, and so the jet streams that move in it have to be monitored by aircraft. Located between 10 and 13 kilometers from the (*) earth's surface, temperatures fall to about negative 60 degrees Celsius. For 10 points-what is this boundary layer between the troposphere and the stratosphere?
answer: The Tropopause
24. After a change of venue, the first case heard is that of a dog accused of (*) cheese theft. Both main characters are named for their attitudes toward a certain Athenian demagogue and his policies, with Philocleon having an obsession with taking part in the legal system. The insect-like behavior of Athenian juries is satirized in-for 10 points-what play by Aristophanes?
answer: Wasps or Sphekes
25. Originally constituting the 99th Pursuit Squadron and later expanded to the 332nd Fighter Group, during World War Two it was the Army Air Force's only (*) escort group that did not lose a bomber to enemy planes. Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin O. Davis commanded this group, which took its name from a training airfield in Alabama. For 10 points-name the first African-American flying unit in the U.S. military.
answer: the Tuskegee Airmen
26. Along with Arthur Lewis, this man gives St. Lucia the distinction of having produced the most (*) Nobel laureates per capita. His autobiographical poem "Another Life" explores the conflict between European and black cultures in the Caribbean, and his play Omeros recast the Iliad and the Odyssey in the present day. The 1992 Nobel Prize
for Literature was award to-for 10 points-what West Indian poet?
answer: Derek Walcott
27. Eugene Wigner formulated a flawed law of conservation of this property during the 1930s, but two decades later it was shown not to hold true for the (*) weak interaction. The non-conservation of this explains the predominance of left-handed beta decay, and it was first proposed by Lee and Yang following their 1956 studies of K meson decay. For 10 points-what is this property of wave function symmetry?
28. A 1980 remake of this movie featured Neil Diamond in the lead role. The original was selected as one of the American Film Institue's top 100 last year. The plot centers on a (*) cantor's son who runs away to pursue a career in show business. When the father dies, the son returns to take over his duties. For 10 points-name this 1927 movie starring Al Jolson, the first talkie ever.
answer: The Jazz Singer