Penn Bowl VIII:
ROUND 4 TOSSUPS
1. Associated with an echoing rock near Sankt Goarhausen [GORE-how-zin], Germany,
according to legend, she was once a beautiful young maiden, who threw herself into
the river in despair over a faithless lover. Upon her death she was transformed,
and henceforth could be heard on a rock near St. Goar. FTP, name this siren whose hypnotic
singing lured sailors to their death in the Rhine.
2. This pre-Columbian Mexican manuscript is now in the Apostolic Library of the Vatican.
A painted screenfold book made of a long strip of animal skin, it dates to just
prior to the Spanish Conquest. An Aztec religious document, with ritual calendars,
astrological information, and the traits of a number of deities, FTP, name this codex
named for the Italian cardinal who owned it after its 1805 discovery.
ANSWER: the Codex Borgia
3. Intermediate carrier molecules in this sequence include iron sulfide and various
cytochromes. The overall process transfers hydrogens from NAD and FAD to oxygen,
forming water and releasing energy. FTP, what is this major sequence of respiratory
reactions, which provides enough energy to make 32 ATP molecules?
ANSWER: electron transport chain
4. In 1910, this Republican ran unsuccessfully for governor of New York. Governor-general
of the Philippines under Coolidge, he served as Taft's Secretary of War. As Secretary
of War under FDR, he urged an economic boycott of Japan. FTP, name this man, who declared that the US would not recognize Japanese territorial gains made in the Manchurian
invasion, Herbert Hoover's Secretary of State.
ANSWER: Henry Lewis Stimson
5. Because of her influence, France sided with its hereditary enemy, Austria, during
the Seven Years' War. Known for her great patronage of art and literature, she influenced
French politics for nearly 20 years, overseeing many political appointments during that time. FTP, name this powerful figure, once the mistress of King Louis XV,
who shares her name with a famous hairstyle.
ANSWER: Jean-Antoine Poisson
, or the Marquise de Pompadour
6. This quarterback still holds the record for consecutive games with a touchdown
pass, at 47 in a row, throwing to receivers like Johnny Orr and Tom Matte. His crowning
achievement was leading the overtime drive which beat the Giants in the 1958 NFL
championship. FTP, name this legendary Colts quarterback.
ANSWER: Johnny Unitas
7. It was based on Arthur Schnitzler's 1900 play La Ronde
, a turn-of-the-century tale about sex in Vienna. In the new adaptation and modernization,
ten characters of different social classes and backgrounds become ensnared in a daisy
chain of sexual relationships. FTP, name this current theater production based on David Hare's adaptation, whose ten characters are all played by Iain Glen and Nicole
ANSWER: The Blue Room
8. A landlocked country with an extensive river system, three-quarters of its land
is covered with chernozem
, an exceptionally fertile soil ideal for agriculture. It was the second-smallest
Soviet republic, after Armenia, and it is bordered on the north, east, and south
by the Ukraine, and on the west by Romania. FTP, name this republic, with its capital
at its largest city, Chisnau [CHIS-now].
ANSWER: Republic of Moldova
9. Born near Seville, Spain, he took an active part in campaigns during the reigns
of Titus and Domitian. During his reign, the Appian Way was restored, and the empire
reached its largest dimensions, including his additions of Armenia, Mesopotamia,
and Dacia. FTP, name this Roman emperor who was adopted by Nerva as his colleague and successor
in AD 97, and was succeeded in 117 by Hadrian.
or Marcus Ulpius Trajan
10. This property of light is responsible for the Poisson [PWAH-sohn] spot, a point
of light which appears in the center of the shadow of a solid disc. The Huygens
[HOY-guhns] principle attempts to explain this property, whose name may be preceded
by either Fresnel [fruh-NEHL] or Fraunhofer [FROWN-hof-fur]. FTP, identify this wave property,
in which light bends around the edges of an obstacle.
11. Born in Brooklyn in 1928, he worked at FAO Schwarz during the day, and went to
art school at night. His first assignments were illustrating the children's books
and A Hole is to Dig
. In 1956, he wrote and illustrated his first book, Kenny's Window
. FTP, name this man, most famous for his trilogy which includes Outside Over There, In the Night Kitchen
, and Where the Wild Things Are.
ANSWER: Maurice Bernard Sendak
12. A descendant of an old Tatar family, he was a favorite of Ivan the Terrible, and
became czar upon the death of Ivan's son. He was the first Russian ruler to use
Siberia as a place of banishment for political exiles, he issued an edict in 1587
that bound serfs to the land. FTP, name this powerful Russian ruler who was the subject of
a tragedy by Pushkin, and subsequently an opera by Mussorgsky.
ANSWER: Boris Fyodorovich Godunov
13. Enthroned at age 7, he shrewdly deposed his regent, Oboi, six years later. He
took much care to win the goodwill of the Chinese, who resented their Manchu conquerors.
He made six grand tours to southern China, and sponsored the writing of a history
of the Ming dynasty. FTP, name this Qing [ching] emperor who issued the Sacred Edict,
a series of 16 moral maxims, in 1670, and ruled China from 1661 to 1723.
14. From the Greek words meaning "single" and "purchase of food," this term refers
to the exclusive control of the demand for a product by a single purchaser of that
market, often referring to the labor market. FTP, name this economic term.
15. His boss went blind from cataracts; his friends include pilot Jack Dalton. He
found out he has a son who goes by "Sam," because his son hates his middle name,
which is also his
first name. FTP, name this character who refused to use a gun, was plagued by Murdoch,
and is the most famous role of Richard Dean Anderson.
ANSWER: Angus MacGyver
[I believe his son was named Sean Angus Malloy.--Ed.
16. While James Agee is well known for his poetry and novels, this 1941 study of Southern
culture first made his name. He crossed racial boundaries to portray a way of life
that he felt was neglected and rapidly fading. FTP, name this combination of reporting, prose, and the photography of Walker Evans, which endeavored to capture on the
page the life and work of both black and white sharecroppers in the American South.
ANSWER: Let Us Now Praise Famous Men
17. Introduced to the US in the 20s, it enjoyed great popularity for a decade afterward.
Rules for this game vary among countries and cultures, but the basic version of
this tile game is designed for four players, each representing a different wind.
A full set for this game consists of 152 tiles, divided into seven suits--jokers, flowers,
dragons, winds, characters, circles, and bamboos. FTP, name this game from China.
ANSWER: mah jongg
[do not accept "rhythm method"]
18. Born in 1890 to Polish parents and educated at the Imperial Dancing Academy in
St. Petersburg, he later became a member of the original Ballets Russes. He attained
the rank of premier danseur
and created the leading roles in Petroushka
, and Les Sylphides
. FTP, name this unconventional Russian dancer who choreographed The Afternoon of a Faun
whose career was ended in 1918 by schizophrenia.
ANSWER: Vaslav Nijinsky
19. In 1847, Louis Pasteur was sent a sample of this compound from factories in Alsace.
While it had the same empirical formula and bond structure as tartaric acid, it had
different physical properties. Through some experiments, Pasteur proved that this
compound was a mixture of the two enantiomers [ee-NAN-tee-oh-murs] of tartaric acid.
FTP, name this compound, whose name now denotes any mixture of enantiomers.
acid [ruh-SEE-mik] or racemate
[RAH-sih-mate; accept tartaric acid
on early buzz]
20. In the 1600s, the French set up trading posts at the mouth of this river, and
later journeyed upriver, conquering interior lands in the 1850s. Its two main sources,
the Bafing and the Bakoye, meet at Bafoulabe [BAH-foo-lah-bay], Mali. From there,
it arcs west for 990 miles before reaching the Atlantic. FTP, name this West African river
forming the border between Mauritania and an eponymous country.
21. At age 40, he gave up clock-making to become a professional magician. He revolutionized
the art of magic with his ingenious stage mechanisms and effective presentations.
His textbooks were the first to treat magic scientifically, and he was the first to use electricity in his tricks. FTP, name this French magician, about whom Ehrich
Weiss wrote a biography, and from whose name Weiss took his famous pseudonym.
ANSWER: Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin
[HOO-dahn; not "Houdini"]
22. Born February 24, 1685, the only formal musical instruction he ever had was from
a local organist. His first opera, Almira
, achieved great success, but other endeavors, like the Royal Academy of Music for
performances of opera, did not fare as well. FTP, name this man, whom Beethoven called
"the greatest composer who ever lived," composer of the oratorio Saul
, Water Music
, and the Messiah
ANSWER: George Frideric Handel
23. He moved to Paris in 1702 at 18, painting cheap devotional pictures for a living.
After placing second in the 1709 Prix de Rome, he received many commissions before
dying of TB in 1721. His style was influenced by the Venetian school and Flemish
painters like Rubens. FTP, name this Rococo painter, whose favorite subjects were fashionable
outdoor gatherings, whose works include The Dance
and Embarkment for Cythera
ANSWER: (Jean-)Antoine Watteau
24. Born in 1364, this medieval French writer began her career in the court of Charles
V. She later wrote his autobiography, but she was better known then for love poetry
and prose. An early feminist, her Book of the City of Ladies
tells about the heroic deeds of women, while Letters to the God of Love
counters attitudes of courtly love portraying women as helpless, frail objects. FTP,
name this author of the 1429 Song in Honor of Joan of Arc.
ANSWER: Christine de Pisan
25. Founded in 1995 by Pierre Omidyar and his fiancée, an avid Pez dispenser collector,
this online shopping site doesn't specialize in any one category. Instead, it's an
online auction area where individual buyers and sellers trade anything and everything. FTP, name this Web site, which has a name similar to a sports catalog.
[the company being "Eastbay"]
26. Like allopurinol, this drug is used in the treatment of gout. Derived from the
autumn crocus, this alkaloid drug is useful in plant breeding because it can produce
fertile, diploid plants from sterile monoploid plants. It does so, by causing all
the chromosomes to be given to the same daughter cell in mitosis. FTP, name this drug
which prevents formation of the mitotic spindle.
27. Born in Illinois, he went to the Julliard School of Music after graduating from
high school to study classical music. There, he began playing with Charlie Parker
and Dizzy Gillespie on his way to becoming one of the most innovative and influential
figures in the jazz world. FTP, name this trumpet player and bandleader whose work includes
"Bitches Brew," "The Birth of the Cool," and "Kind of Blue."
ANSWER: Miles Dewey Davis
28. Born in Bavaria to a noble military family, he became a master of theology at
the University of Paris in 1245. A key figure in the assimilation of Aristotelian
philosophy into medieval Scholasticism he was noted for his introduction of Greek
and Arabic sciences to the medieval world. FTP, name this patron saint of all who study the
sciences, teacher of Thomas Aquinas, and the namesake for a college in New Haven,
ANSWER: St. Albertus Magnus
or Fat Albert
[glower at anyone who says "Yale"]
29. Though small in number, they hold strong influence in the predominantly Hindu
community because of their wealth. Fundamental to its doctrine are two eternal coexisting,
independent categories--the jiva
, or enjoying, animate, living soul, and the ajiva
, the enjoyed, inanimate, non-living object. FTP, name this religion whose members
carry brooms to sweep the ground before them in order to avoid crushing insects.
30. He received his doctorate in psychology in 1931 from Columbia, and was already
involved in work with abused children. Dissatisfied with available diagnostic and
therapeutic methods, he created his own approach stressing the patient-therapist
relationship. FTP, name this creator of "client-centered" therapy.
ANSWER: Carl Ransom Rogers
Penn Bowl VIII:
ROUND 4 BONI
1. Identify these Biblical figures, for the stated number of points.
[2x5] Jacob worked in the house of his uncle, Laban, for many years, and married two
of Laban's daughters. Five points each, name them.
[2x10] Ten points each, name Leah and Rachel's handmaidens, who bore Jacob two sons
2. Identify these geological terms, 10 points each.
a. The formation of sedimentary rocks from sediment.
b. This type of soil has been distinguished from the surrounding soil by human action
c. Soil through which water is draining undergoes this process, thereby losing alkaline
25 POINT BONUS
3. Answer these questions on Maxwell's equations, for the stated number of points.
 This scientist's law of induction is one of Maxwell's equations.
ANSWER: Michael Faraday
 Maxwell's equation for a magnetic field caused by an electric current is more
general than Ampère's Law, because Maxwell took into account this type of current,
associated with capacitors.
4. Name these Japanese shogunates, 10 points each.
a. This clan defeated the Taira family in 1185. In 1192, the emperor bestowed the
title of shogun.
b. Minamoto rule was overthrown in 1336 when Takauji [tah-kah-OO-zhee], a samurai
of this clan that ruled for over 200 years, gained control of Kyoto.
c. Begun in 1603, this shogunate at Edo was ended by the Meiji Restoration.
5. Answer these questions about insect physiology, 10 points each.
a. These are the excretory organs of insects.
an tubules [mal-PEEZH-ee-uhn]
b. These tiny holes in the abdomen are used for breathing.
c. Insects have green blood, because they have this copper-containing pigment in place
6. Identify these successive Holy Roman Emperors, 10 points each.
a. Hapsburg Charles VI died in 1740. Since his daughter couldn't be elected Holy Roman
Emperor, this man was elected Bavaria's only Holy Roman Emperor in 1742.
ANSWER: Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII
or Charles Albert
[HN: women were ineligible]
b. On Charles VII's death in 1745, he was replaced by this husband of Maria Theresa.
ANSWER: Holy Roman Emperor Francis
c. Francis's son, he was elected Holy Roman Emperor, and began the Hapsburg-Lorraine
line, in 1765.
ANSWER: Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II
7. Answer these questions on the Korean War, 10 points each.
a. President of the Korean government-in-exile in Hawaii, he became South Korea's
president in 1948.
ANSWER: Syngman Rhee
b. UN forces captured P'yongyang in October 1950. Continuing to push the North Koreans
back, they crossed this river, despite China's repeated warnings.
c. Truman relieved General MacArthur of command after MacArthur publicly spoke out
against the President's policies. This man was MacArthur's successor.
ANSWER: Lt. Gen. Matthew Ridgway
8. Name these 1998 National Book Award winners, 15 points each.
a. This novel, by Alice McDermott, won the award for best fiction. It is the story
of Irish Catholics in the Bronx and how death and alcoholism affect the family structure.
ANSWER: Charming Billy
b. Edward Ball's first book, it chronicles his Charleston, SC family and its slaveholding
ANSWER: Slaves in the Family
9. Ten points each, name these 19th century adventure novels.
a. This novel was originally titled The Shipwrecked Preacher and His Family: An Instructional Book for Children and Their
Friends in City or Country
ANSWER: The Swiss Family Robinson
by Johann Wyss
b. This book is Jules Verne's 1865 story about space travel, written way
ANSWER: From the Earth to the Moon
or De la Terre à la lune
c. David Balfour searches for his stolen inheritance in this 1886 Robert Louis Stevenson
novel. ANSWER: Kidnapped!
25 POINT BONUS
10. Answer these questions about classic video games for the stated number of points.
 This hero of The Legend of Zelda
has recently made a triumphant début on N64.
 All or nothing, what is the famous Konami code
, best known for giving 30 lives in Contra
ANSWER: Up, up, down, down, left, right, left, right, B, A, start
25 POINT BONUS
11. Answer these related questions, for the stated number of points.
 This sculptor, born near Bear Lake, Idaho, worked on Mount Rushmore until his
death in 1941. It was completed by his son, Lincoln.
ANSWER: John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
 In 1923, Borglum began work on a bas-relief Confederate memorial on the side
of this rock.
ANSWER: Stone Mountain
12. 30-20-10. Name the American author.
 Born in 1899, he joined the staff of the newly-formed The New Yorker
in 1926, remaining a frequent contributor throughout his life.
 From 1938-1943 he worked for Harper's
magazine, writing the monthly column "One Man's Meat."
 His most famous work was as a children's writer. His stories often featured
animal heroes overcoming great odds, like the brave mouse in Stuart Little.
ANSWER: E(lwyn) B(rooks) White
13. Answer these questions relating to Vincent van Gogh, 10 points each.
a. The National Gallery recently exhibited many works on loan from this city's Van
, the Netherlands
b. This art dealer, Vincent's younger brother, supported his artistic pursuits and
died six months after Vincent's suicide.
dore van Gogh
c. Van Gogh dreamed of starting an artists' colony in this city at his "Yellow House."
13. Identify these "A" terms from chemistry, 10 points each.
a. This term refers to any species which is both an acid and a base, like BH3 [boron trihydride].
[ahm-FOH-teh-rik] or amphiprotic
b. Technically called 2-propanone, this is a useful solvent in organic chemistry.
c. This low-weight molecular compound is a frequent solvent in liquid chromatography.
[uh-SEE-toh-ny-trihl] or ACN
14. 30-20-10. Name the architect.
 Born in Aachen, Germany in 1886, he was trained by architect and furniture designer
 His buildings are characterized by severe simplicity and rigid geometry. His
early commissions include the German Pavilion for the 1929 Barcelona Exhibition and
the Tugendhat House.
 Director of the Bauhaus School of Design from 1930 until its demise in 1933,
he collaborated with Philip Johnson on the Seagram Building in New York City.
ANSWER: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
15. Name these relatives of Dionysius [di-oh-NYE-SEE-us], 10 points each.
a. His mother, she asked to see Zeus as he was. His true glory incinerated her.
b. His maternal grandfather, he was the founder of Thebes.
c. His cousin tried to stop a Bacchic festival, and was torn to pieces by his mother
16. Answer these questions on Prohibition, 10 points each.
a. Introduced by a representative from Minnesota, this bill's passage in 1919 over
President Wilson's veto was designed to allow enforcement of the 18th Amendment.
Act or the National Prohibition
b. The Volstead Act defined intoxicating liquors as those with more than what percentage
of alcohol by volume?
[accept 1 proof
c. Prohibition was eventually repealed by the 21st Amendment, which was ratified in
17. Identify these American female space travelers, 10 points each.
a. She spent six days in June 1983 as the first American woman in space.
ANSWER: Sally Ride
b. The first woman to pilot a US space shuttle, in 1998 she became the first female
ANSWER: Eileen Collins
c. This visitor to Mir
now holds the American record for time spent in space.
ANSWER: Dr. Shannon Lucid
18. Given characters from an opera, name the composer for 15. If you need the opera,
you'll get 5.
a. Alfredo and Giorgio Germont
 La Traviata
ANSWER: Giuseppe Verdi
b. Fiodiligi, Dorabella, Guglielmo, Ferrando, Despina, and Don Alfonso
 Cosi fan Tuttè
[KOH-see fahn TOO-tee]
ANSWER: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
19. Answer these related questions, 10 points each.
a. When My Fair Lady
was filmed, Audrey Hepburn replaced this original Broadway Eliza Doolittle.
ANSWER: Julie Andrews
b. That year, My Fair Lady
won 8 Oscars--but Julie Andrews won the Best Actress Oscar for this movie.
ANSWER: Mary Poppins
c. She wrote the children's story Mary Poppins
ANSWER: P(amela) L(ynden) Travers
20. Identify these countries at extremes of defense spending, five points per country.
a. According to Newsweek
, these three Asian nations spent over one-eighth of their GDP on the military.
ANSWER: North Korea
b. The three countries with the smallest expenditures are all in the Western Hemisphere.
, Costa Rica
21. 30-20-10. Name the place.
 Its most important industry is raising livestock, and its aboriginal peoples
are the Ona in the west and the Yahgan in the south.
 Islands in this archipelago include Isla de los Estadas, and one once called
King Charles South Land.
 It was named by Magellan, when he sighted large fires blazing on the shore.
ANSWER: Tierra del Fuego
20 POINT BONUS
22. Name these mountains named for American notables, 10 points each.
a. This peak, named for a famed photographer who died in 1984, is on Yosemite's southeast
ANSWER: Mount Ansel Adams
b. At 6288 feet, this peak is the highest in the Presidential Range.
ANSWER: Mount Washington
23. Answer these questions on people who broke ranks in the House impeachment vote,
10 points each.
a. Republicans Amo Houghton and Peter King, from this state, voted against
ANSWER: New York
b. Democrats Charles Stenholm and Ralph Hall, from this state, voted for
c. This Connecticut Republican held an eight-hour town meeting to hear public opinion,
then voted against impeachment.
ANSWER: Rep. Christopher Shays
24. Identify these past or present NBA players from their nicknames for the stated
number of points.
 The Human Highlight FilmANSWER: Dominique Wilkins
 The GloveANSWER: Gary Payton
 Jungle JimANSWER: Jim Loscutoff
25. Answer these questions about Taco Bell's Chihuahua commercials, for the stated
number of points.
 Spell Chihuahua.
 Translate Yo Quiero
[KAY-roh] Taco Bell
ANSWER: "I want Taco Bell."
[not "I want some Taco Bell."]
 Name either of the two Chihuahuas who starred in the original Taco Bell commercial.
26. Identify these key players in baseball trades, 10 points each.
a. In 1964, the Cubs acquired pitcher Ernie Broglio [BROH-lee-oh] from the Cardinals
for this outfielder, who became one of baseball's great base-stealers.
ANSWER: Lou Brock
b. In 1971, the Cardinals sent this future Hall-of-Fame pitcher to Philadelphia for
mediocre catcher Rick Wise.
ANSWER: Steve Carlton
c. Closing the circle, in 1981, the Phillies gave Larry Bowa and this future All-Star
second baseman to the Cubs for Ivan DeJesus [de HAY-zoos].
ANSWER: Ryne Sandberg
27. Identify the birthstone, given a month and its meaning as specified by the Jewelry
Industry Council, 10 points each.
a. February--Sincerity ANSWER: amethyst
b. May--Love, Success ANSWER: emerald
c. August--Married happiness ANSWER: peridot
28. 30-20-10. Name the saint.
 Rare for a Pope of the Middle Ages, this successor to Alexander II was a spiritual
leader rather than a political one.
 He tried to organize a crusade over 20 years before Pope Urban II succeeded.
 This reformer spent most of his reign fighting against lay investiture. He excommunicated
Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV twice, in 1076 and 1080.
ANSWER: Pope Gregory VII
or Gregory Hildebrand
25 POINT BONUS
29. Given the songs, name the Elton John album, for the stated number of points.
 "Circle of Life," "Can You Feel the Love Tonight?"
ANSWER: The Lion King
 "Believe," "Blessed"
ANSWER: Made in England
 "Daniel," "Crocodile Rock"
ANSWER: Don't Shoot Me, I'm Only the Piano Player
30. 30-15-5. Give the common name.
 Branches of this institution of higher learning, which may or may not be the
third oldest, are found in Maryland and New Mexico.
 This Big East basketball team is known as the Red Storm.
 This wort is currently a popular herbal supplement.
ANSWER: St. John's